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AFieldGuidetoSnakesIdentiyingandCatchingPlaintisReptileTeoryintheWildAlsoInsideAttorneyDisqualifcationAppealsAttorneyMusiciansYoungAttorneysDevelopingBusinessandmore Volume32013verdict1verdicttheassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounsel2520ventureoakswaysuite150sacramentoca95833Snakes10Music15Kraemer27Mejia23features11AFieldGuidetoSouthernCaliforniaSnakesBenHoward15MusictotheDefensesEarLindaB.Hurevitz17ProtectingAttorneyDisqualicationOrdersFromReversalAlanaRotter19NotetoMembersASCDCisLinkedInPeterDoody20BookReviewNinthCircuitPracticeGuideBenjaminG.Shatz23NavigatingDefensestoanOstensibleAgencyTheoryUnderMejiaChristineT.Le27WinningShotsGettingtoKnowRickKraemerwithExecutivePresentationsCarolA.Shermandepartments2IndextoAdvertisers3PresidentsMessagebyN.DeniseTaylor5CapitolCommentbyMichaelD.Belote6NewMembers9WhatWeDobyPatrickA.Long29YoungLawyersSection32DefenseVerdicts33AmicusCommitteeReport35MembershipApplication36ExecutiveCommitteeBoardofDirectors 2verdictVolume32013VerdictMagazineispublishedormembersoTheAssociationoSouthernCaliorniaDeenseCounselASCDC.TheopinionsandadviceinVerdictMagazinearethoseothesubmittingauthorsandarenotnecessarilythoseoASCDC.Allrightsarereservedinallcountries.NopartothismagazinemaybereproducedinanyormwithoutwrittenconsentromVerdictMagazine.EditorialproductionandadvertisingofcesatVerdictMagazine2520VentureOaksWaySuite150SacramentoCA95833.Telephone800564-6791.Returnpostagemustaccompanyanyunsolicitedmaterialiitistobereturned.VerdictMagazineassumesnoresponsibilityorsuchmaterials.theassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounselindextoadvertisersADRServicesInc.24ARCCharlesRubin29ArrowheadEvaluationServices37BiomechanicalAnalysis6ExecutivePresentations21FieldsADR30FirstMediationCorp.32ForensisGroup4GreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLP8JackDaniels12JudicateWest34KGAInc.31KusarCourtReportersInsideFrontCover22MarlinSaltzman14ProConsulInc.7ThonBeckVanniCallahanPowell8verdict2520ventureoakswaysuite150sacramentoca95833staffeditorLisaPerrochetexecutivedirectorJenniferBlevinsartdirectorJohnBerkowitzcontributorsMichaelD.BelotePeterDoodyBenHowardLindaB.HurevitzChristineT.LePatrickA.LongHolidayD.PowellAlanaRotterBenjaminG.ShatzCarolA.ShermanN.DeniseTaylorprintingSig-1PrintingassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounselofficerspresidentN.DeniseTaylorpresident-electRobertA.OlsonvicepresidentMichaelSchonbuchsecretary-treasurerGlennT.BargerboardofdirectorsJamesB.ColeMichaelA.ColtonJulianneDeMarcoPeterS.DoodyChristopherE.FaenzaThomasP.FeherClarkR.HudsonDanKramerEdwardR.LeonardLisaJ.McMainsGaryT.MontgomeryStephenC.PasarowLisaPerrochetLawrenceR.RamseyNinosP.SaroukhanioffJohnW.ShawPatrickStockalperJeffreyA.WalkerForadvertisinginformationcontacttheASCDCbelowexecutiveoffices2520VentureOaksWaySuite150SacramentoCA95833800-564-6791ascdccamgmt.comwww.ascdc.org Volume32013verdict3presidentsmessageThenewnormal.TatiswhatIrecentlyheardsomeonecallournewexperienceascivilattorneyspracticinginLosAngelesSuperiorPIcourtsasothisyear.InmyrstPresidentsmessage9monthsagoIwroteAtthispointnooneknowshowthisisreallygoingtowork.Iamhappytoreportthatas2013comestoaclosethingsappeartobeworkingsurprisinglywellinthecourtsparticularlygiventhedevastatingbudgetcutbacksandcourtrestructuring.InLosAngelesoreverycasethathasbeenreadyortrialacourtroomhasbeenound.AchallengeremainswithdelaysinsecuringatimelydateordispositivemotionsbuteectiveJanuary62014therewillbeourPIcourtsinsteadothreetohandletheload.InthemeantimethecourtshavebeencooperativeincontinuingtrialdatesasnecessarytogetourmotionsheardandinreturningcomplexcasestoanIndependentCalendarcourtwhenappropriate.ASCDCwillcontinuetoworkcloselywiththecourtstoimprovethesesystems.othoseoyouincountiesotherthanLosAngeleswehaveheardandrespondedtothemessagethatyouwouldlikemoreprogramsinyourlocale.InSeptemberweheldourBoardmeetinginSantaBarbaraollowedbyatwo-dayconerenceonproessionalliabilityandmedicalmalpractice.Teeducationalprogramwasstellar.TewinetourthatollowedwasoneoakindthankstoomandPeterStolpmanoStolpmanVineyardswhohostedalunchandwinetastingontheloggiaotheirnewhomeinBallardCanyonoverlookingthevineyards.OurYoungLawyersCommitteeputontwosuccessulmixersthisyearatPerchindowntownLosAngelesandattheUniversityClubinSanDiego.Itissoenergizingtocometogetherwiththeseolkstomingleinacollegialsocialatmosphere.WehaveanotherYoungLawyerseventscheduledinSantaMonicaonJanuary30.Weknowthatouryoungdeenselawyersaretheutureothisorganizationandyoucancountonmoreothesenetworkingopportunitiesnextyear.InOrangeCountyweheldouryearlysignatureeventtheConstructionDeectSeminarandHolidayJudicialreceptiononDecember5.Itwasaspectaculareventandgreatturnout.Inadditionweheldawell-attendedbrownbagseminarattheOrangeCountycourthouseinNovember.TejudgesandmembersinattendanceheardPresident-electBobOlsonandplaintiattorneyEricrautdiscusswhatisnewontheHowellv.HamiltonMeatsront.NextyearourSeptemberproessionalliabilityseminarwillbeinSanDiegoCountyandwearebringingbackourpopulargoltournamenttoRiversideCountytoprovideworthwhileeducationalaswellassocialeventstomembersthroughoutSouthernCaliornia.InthatveinwehavehadseveralwebinarsthisyearwithmoretocomeormembersinoutlyingcountieswhowanttoparticipateintheimportantprogramsthatASCDCprovides.OurcalendaryearendedonahighnoteonDecember17attheJonathanClubinLosAngeleswherewecelebratedwithourjudgesandmembersbotholdandnewatourannualJudicialandNewMemberHolidayReception.Ioverheardmanyattendeessayitisthebestholidaypartyotheyear.IhavethoroughlyenjoyedleadingASCDCasyourPresidentthisyearandamlookingorwardtoturningthereinsovertoBobOlsonatour53rdAnnualSeminar.BobisnotonlyahighlyrespectedappellatelawyerbutheisaabulouspersonwhoisverydedicatedtoASCDC.AsortheAnnualSeminarwehaveawonderulprogramplannedatourFridayluncheonwelookorwardtohearingromDanaPerinoormerPressSecretaryintheGeorgeW.BushWhiteHouseandpanelmemberothepopularFoxprogramTeFive.PleasebethereIextendahearteltthankyoutoourASCDCBoardmembersCommitteechairsourExecutiveDirectorJennierBlevinsandherstaandtoMikeBeloteourLegislativeAdvocateoranamazingyear.AndmostoallthankyoutoallotheASCDCmembersandriendswhohavesponsoredspokenatorattendedourvarietyoprogramsthisyear.MembershiphasneverbeensovaluableintheappellatedecisionsweinfuencethelegislativeworkwedoorthebenetsoourmembersandclientstheMCLEprogramsandsocialnetworkingthroughLinkedInthatweprovideandmostoallthepersonalnetworkingopportunitiesandriendshipsthatdevelopthroughmembership.TheNewNormalN.DeniseTaylorASCDC2013President 4verdictVolume32013 Volume32013verdict5capitolcommentImprovingSystemAspopularasitmaybetobemoanthestateoourpoliticalinstitutionsandCongressseemsparticularlysubjecttoderisiononmanylevelsourstategovernmentalstructuresareonadecidedlyupwardtrajectory.TeactorscontributingtotheimprovedenvironmentincludetheollowingChangesintermlimitsVotersapprovedaverymeaningulimprovementinCaliorniatermlimitslawbypermittingstateAssemblymembersandSenatorstoserveuptotwelveyearsineitherhouseinsteadothepriorlimitsosixyearsintheAssemblyandeightyearsintheSenate.AlthoughinaewcasesthismayreduceamemberstotaltimeinthelegislatureromourteenyearstotwelvetheabilitytoserveuptotwiceaslongintheAssemblyandfypercentmoreintheSenateisanenormousimprovement.WhereormerlyAssemblymembersacedatickingtimeclockosixyearsassoonastheywereswornincausingareneticdesiretogetthingsdonequicklyuponelectionthelongerlimitsallowmemberstobeginmoreslowlyandthoughtullyandmitigatethepressureolookingorthenextjobTopTwoPrimaryVotersalsoapprovedanelectoralchangepermittingDemocratstovoteorRepublicansinprimaryelectionsandviceversa.Whilethesystemisnotpopularwithpartyleadersalreadythechangeseemstobehavingthedesiredeectoadvantagingmoderatecandidates.IaRepublicancanappealtoDemocratsinapredominantlyRepublicandistrictandDemocratsappealtoRepublicanstheneteectistopushthesystemtowardsthepoliticalmiddlewheremostCaliorniansare.TisshouldreducetheextremepolarizationwhichhasgrippedSacramentoandtoagreaterextentWashingtonD.C.ImprovingbudgetpictureWhilelegislatorsnowtermedoutundertheoldlawknewnothingbutbudgetprivationintheirsixyeartenuresnewlegislatorsarenotacedwiththeimmediateneedtomakesubstantialcuts.axrevenuesarerunninghundredsomillionspermonthaheadoprojectionsandexpertspredictyearsobudgetsurplusesassumingnonewrecession.Acertainbudgetenvyandtermlimitsenvyarenoticeableindepartinglegislators.ForhispartGovernorBrownisstrikingaverycautioustoneindicatinganintenttoresistthetemptationtospendthesurpluses.Tismaybeimportantonthecourtundingissuediscussedbelowbutatleastthesystemismovingintotheblackromyearsored.AsdeensepractitionersASCDCmembersarewellawareotheimpactopersistentbudgetcutsonthecourts.Whiletrialsmaybegoingouttimelyinvariouscountiestheabilitytohaveademurrerorsummaryjudgmentmotionheardcanberustratinglydelayed.CaliorniaDeenseCounselrepresentativesmadeupolawyersromtheADCnorthandsouthmetrecentlywithChieJusticeCantil-Sakauyetodiscussadvocacyeortsin2014toreinvestinthecourtsystem.Foravarietyobudgetreasonsthesystemwillneedover400millioninincreasedundingjusttokeepeven.CourtundingwillremainakeyobjectiveorCDCwhenthelegislaturereturnsinJanuary.BeyondthescalissuesCDCisdevelopingalegislativepackageorthenewyearincludingproposalsrelatingtoexpertdepositionsandsharingoexpertopinions.WealsounderstandthatbillsmaybeintroducedonsuchdiverseissuesasSection998motionslimitedjurisdictionmonetarylimitsSLAPPsuitselectronicrecordingounlimitedcivilproceedingsandmore.FinallyNovember2014mayseeageneralelectionbattleoverMICRAlimits.Itheinitiativepresentlyincirculationqualiesortheballotmanytensomillionswillbeexpendedprobablyoneachside.Itistooearlytomakeapredictionas2013comestoaclosebutthiscolumnwillreportontheloomingghtoverMICRAasthenewyearunolds.MichaelD.BeloteLegislativeAdvocateCaliforniaDefenseCounsel 6verdictVolume32013newmembersaugustdecemberBelskyAssoc.GabrielM.BenrubiSponsoringMemberDanielS.BelskyBoyceSchaeferLLPZacharyS.RosenSponsoringMemberJamesC.SchaeerBrownsteinHyattFarberSchreckLLPJonathanC.SandlerEdwardA.StumppSponsoringMemberMichaelSchonbuchCarrollKellyrotterFranzenMcKennaWilliamCollinsSherryHechanovaChristine.LeSethE.WorkmanSponsoringMemberDavidPruettClinkenbeardRamseySpackmanClarkLLPBarbaraCarrollMaureenE.ClarkSponsoringMemberHughSpackmanDanielsFineIsraelSchonbuchLebovitsBenedictE.IdemundiaSponsoringMemberMichaelSchonbuchEarlyMaslachVanDueckMichaelJ.OConnorGuideOneInsuranceStephanieBarilHiggsFletcherMackGeoTorneSponsoringMemberPeterDoodyLawOcesoDavidJ.WeissGabrielaE.GoldbergBenjaminR.MinkowSponsoringMemberDavidJ.WeissLevyNourachanLLPNazilaY.LevyJenusNourachanManattPhelpsPhillipsLLPBenjaminG.ShatzSponsoringMemberStevenS.FleischmanMarroneRobinsonFrederickFosterConstanceSmithMcKennaLongAldridgeLLPJaymeC.LongDavidK.SchultzSponsoringMemberJ.AlanWarfeldMooreMcLennanLLPAshleeP.ClarkSponsoringMemberRaymondMooreMorrisPolichPurdyLitsaGeorgantopoulosSponsoringMemberJohnShawChristopherW.SmithSponsoringMemberHolidayPowellOcesoJennierA.ContaJennierA.ContaPayneFearsEricSohlgrenSponsoringMemberRobertOlsonSteinbergLawFirmAlexandraM.SteinbergSponsoringMemberMarshallLerneraylorBlesseyLLPMelanieC.ButtsSponsoringMemberN.DeniseTaylorTompsonCoeOMearaJennierC.MartinWadeLoweVanessaL.Lofus-BrewerWalkerMannLLPNazikHasanSponsoringMemberJeeryWalkerWattenDiscoeBassettMcMainsLayneBukovskisWeissMartinSalinasHearstGayleHearstWoodrufSpradlinSmartBrianA.MooreJeanneL.ollisonSponsoringMemberDanielSpradlin Volume32013verdict7 8verdictVolume32013 Volume32013verdict9whatwedoDoyoubelieveourtrialbenchhereinCaliorniaistouseterminologypreviouslypreemptedbyacertaintelevisionnetworkairandbalancedArecertainjudgesplainti-orientedoraresomeinclinedtoruleorthedeenseondifcultissuesDowehaveanystupidjudgesWheredothebestjudgescomeromMysensewasthataskingtwentyorsooourmembersthesequestionswouldproduceperhapsydierentvariationsoanswers.SurprisesurpriseIgotaboutahundredandydierentanswers.NowIunderstandandappreciateactuallyreallyappreciatethatalargenumberojudgesreadthesehumblescribblingsandinactsometakethetimetodropmeanoteindicatingthatwhileImnotyetbeingheldincontemptocourtIamtreadingperilouslyclose.Immostgrateulortheireedbackandalwayscomeawaywiseraerhearingromthem.LetmereachbacktotimeslongagowhenmennamedraynorandobrinersatonourSupremeCourt.Intheearly1970stherewasalistojudgestoavoidwhenpossibleastheywereplaintisjudgeswhatevertheheckthatwas.Sufceittosaythatalargepercentageotheolkswhorespondedtomyquestionsconcludedthatourcurrentjudiciaryissufcientlyneutralandthatewmembersothebenchareblatantlyone-sided.Ohtherewerenegativecommentsaboutaewjudgesbutthesenegativecommentsweremoreinthenatureopersonalityissuese.g.asenseoarroganceakatheblackrobediseaseorperhapsacertainlackocivilityconcerningschedulingissues.Onthewholeourmembershipispleasedwiththevastmajorityoourbenchmostparticularlywhencomparedwithstorieswehearromotherstateswherejudgesrunonapartyplatormorelection.Regardingmostoourjudgesitwouldbeextremelydifculttohazardaguessatwhatpoliticalpartytheybelongedtobasedontheirrulings.Apparentlyanumberootherstateswherejudicialelectionsareparty-basedarenotsoblessed.Othetwentyintervieweesperhapsthreeoroursuggestedthatacoupleojudgeswereplainti-orientedbutuponurtherdiscussionwiththemitappearedthatthisopinionwasmorebasedonasingleinstancewhereourcolleaguesreceivedarulingtheydidntwantratherthanasteadystreamorulingsavoringplaintis.NextquestiondowehaveanystupidjudgesOcoursewedojustaswehavestupidattorneysstupidclientsstupidpoliticiansetc.etc.etc.Itsjustcommonsensebutstupidisarelativetermandwhatmaybestupidinajudgemayequalgreatbrilliancetothemanorwomanonthestreet.LawschoolisnowalkintheparkpassingtheCaliorniabarexamdoesnthappenoreveryoneandexcellingsufcientlyatapracticesoastoberecommendedorappointmentbythegovernortothebenchrequiresacertainlevelointelligenceandhardwork.Intelligencedidntseemtobeanissueourcolleagueswereconcernedabout.LastquestionwheredothebestjudgescomeromHeretherewasalmostunanimityoopinion.Fromtheperspectiveoourcolleaguesthebestjudgescomeromtheranksoormerciviltrialattorneysrombothsidesothebarplaintisanddeendants.Againnogreatsurprisehere.TereareanumberomembersothisorganizationandouttslikeCAALAwhohavebecomeoutstandingtrialjudges.ButImsurealloyoucanappreciatethatsomereallygreatjudgesalsocomeromtheranksoacriminalpracticetheD.A.sofceorpublicdeenders.IcanpersonallytestiythataormerDistrictAttorneyromOrangeCountyhasbecomeanoutstandingjudge.Hewasagreattrialattorney.IknowthisbecauseIsatasajurorthroughaourmonthtrialinarstdegreemurdercasewhichheprosecuted.HewasoneothenesttrialattorneysIveeverseenandhasbecomeatrulyexceptionaljudge.Whatisalsointerestinghisatherwasapastpresidentothisorganization.osummarizemysurveyoourcolleagueswehereinCaliorniaareortunatetohaveanoutstandingbenchairhardworkingcreativeandcivil.Asweallknowtheyareundertremendousnancialpressureatpresentandwemustdoeverythingwecantosupportthemandworkwiththemtopreserveperhapsthebesttrialbenchinthecountry.RespectullysubmittedyourhonorsPatrickA.Longpalongldlawyers.comOurBenchwarmersaretheBestPatrickA.Long 10verdictVolume3201310verdictVolume22013 Volume32013verdict11continuedonpage12AlthoughtheReptileisapproachingveyearsoageithasonlybeenspottedinSouthernCaliorniainthepasttwoyears.DespitetheReptilesyouthitshabitathasbeenexpandingrapidly.AlongwiththisidenticationguidesightingsotheReptileareonlyexpectedtoincrease.AlthoughthisauthordisagreeswiththeReptilesmethodscommongroundcanalwaysbeound.InthiscaseDeenseattorneyswillbedoingeverythingintheirpowertokeepyouromusingthesemethods.p.15TisarticlewillexplainthewheretheReptilecameromhowtoidentiyitandhowwecaneradicateitspresenceinSouthernCaliornia.WheredidtheReptileComeFromTeReptileTeorywasconceptualizedinthe1960sbyPaulMcLeanM.D.sclassicationotheriuneBrain.Dr.McLeanbelievedhumanbrainsconsistothreeareastheneomammaliancomplextheapebrainthepaleomammaliancomplexdogbrainandthereptiliancomplexreptilebrain.Teapebrainisusedorhighcognitiveunctionssuchasspatialreasoningconsciousthoughtandlanguage.Tedogbrainisassociatedwithemotionsandmemoryormation.Lastthereptilebrainisresponsibleorourbasestunctionssurvivalandreproduction.Onotereproductionconcernsthesurvivaloourindividualgenesratherthanourspeciesgenes.DespitetherecentpopularityotheReptiletheorytheplaintifsbarbelievestheReptilehasbeenlurkinginourcourtroomsoryears.HoweverinsteadobeingusedbyIn2009DonKeenanandDavidBallreleasedahow-tomanualortheplaintifsbarentitledREPILETe2009ManualothePlaintifsRevolution.DonKeenanisasuccessulAtlanta-basedplaintifsattorneyapioneerintheeldoocusgroupsandthepresidentoABOAin1992.DavidBallisaNorthCarolinabasedtrialconsultantandtheauthorothebestsellingDavidBallonDamages.Atthecloseo2013Reptileadvocateshavesel-reportedover4.8billioninverdictsandsettlementattributedtotheReptileTeory.AFieldGuidetoSouthernCaliorniaSnakesIdentiyingandCatchingPlaintifsReptileTeoryintheWildByBenHowardNeillDymott 12verdictVolume32013ReptileTeorycontinuedfrompage11theplaintiKeenanandBallbelievethedeensebarhasutilizedtortdeormtomanipulatetheReptileoritsownuse.ByleadingthepublictobelievetortsunderminethequalityandavailabilityohealthcarethreatenthelocaleconomybyendangeringjobsmakeproductsmoreexpensiveandweakenresearchanddevelopmentexpenditurestheReptilehaslongviewedtheplaintiscaseratherthanthedeenseasathreattoitssurvival.WiththeirbookKeenanandBallattempttoturntheReptileontothedeensewhereourpurportedmantraisalwaysGivedangerapass.p.27TeReptilesMajorAxiomisWhenthereptileseesasurvivaldangersheprotectshergenesbyimpellingthejurortoprotecthimselandthecommunity.Id.KeenanandBallpositWhensomethingwedoordontdocanaectevenalittleoursaetyorthepropagationoourgenestheReptiletakesoverandTegreatertheperceiveddangertoyouoryourospringthemorermlytheReptilecontrolsyou.p.17TeReptilebelievescommunitysaetyispersonalsaetyscousinandasksthejurortoprojectthedeendantsactoromissionontoalargercommunitycanvas.InaperversionoTeGoldenRuleWherecounselasksthejurytoplaceitselinthevictimsshoesandawardsuchdamagesastheywouldchargetoundergoequivalentpainandsueringCollinsv.UnionPacifcRailroadCo.2012207Cal.App.4th867861theReptilewantstopunishtheDeendantsohecannotendangerthecommunitytheReptileisparto.WhythisReptileisDiferentromNativeSpeciesTeReptileisnotcontentusingonlytheevidenceavailableromhercase.Inordertoapplyheractstothecommunityssenseowellbeingtheplaintiawakensthereptileineachjurorbyaskingandansweringthreequestions.Notablythesequestionsallinvolvepresentinginormationtothejuryoutsidetheactsothecase.FirsttheReptileaskshowlikelywasitthattheactoromissionwouldhurtsomeoneormoreimportantlyanyone.AferaddressingtheinjuryinthepresentcasetheReptiledoesnotstop.Ratheritcontinuesontoaddresstherequencywithwhichtheactoromissionoccursandtheresultingharmonabroaderscale.KeenanandBalluseanautomobilenegligencecasetoillustratethispoint.RatherthantellingthejuryIyouollowavehicletoocloselyyoumayhitittheReptilestates4295injurywreckswerecausedlastyearbypeopleollowingtooclosely.p.32Secondtheplaintiwillaskthejurytoenvisionhowmuchharmtheactoromissioncouldhavecaused.AgaintheReptileisnotcontentwithstoppingwiththeplaintisactualinjury.InsteadtheReptiletellsthejuryTevalidmeasureisthemaximumharmtheactcouldhavecausedemphasisinoriginal.p.33.Soianautoaccidentinvolvingspeedsinexcesso100mphonlyresultedinasplitliptheReptilewillnotaskthejurytoaddresstheplaintisacialinjury.RathertheReptilewillaskwhethertheaccidentcouldhavecausedbraindamageoraatality.TirdandlasttheReptilewillaskthejuryhowmuchharmtheactoromissioncouldhavecausedinothersituations.p.34Usingtheautoaccidentexampleromaboveassumetheaccidentoccurredonahighway.TeReptiletakesthecarthatcausedtheaccidenthasthedrivertakeanorampintothejurorscommunityandonlystopthecaraferithasthreatenedaewlocalschoolsandthecommunitysretirementhome.ByaskingandansweringthesethreequestionstheplaintiwantstheReptiletoplantthreeseedsinthejurorsmindsthedeendantsconductthreatenseveryonessaetyaproperverdictwillreducethedangerandiaproperverdictortheplaintiisnotgiventhedangerinthecommunitywillbeincreased.p.39IdentiyingtheReptileintheWildandRulesorIdenticationTeReptileattemptstocircumventtheapplicablelegalstandardbypresentinganalternativeruletothejury.Ithedeendantviolatedthisruletheimplicationcontinuedonpage13 Volume32013verdict13continuedonpage14isthedeendantdidnotmeetthelegalstandard.IneachothethreequestionsabovetheReptileexplicitlyreerstoanactoromissionbythedeendant.KeenanandBalladmonishtheplaintisbarnevertoreertotheunderlyingincidentasanaccidentoramistakep.53asaccidentsdonotendangerthecommunity.InsteadtheseincidentsshouldbecharacterizedasollowsEverywronguldeendantactderivesromachoicetoviolateasaetyrule.Id.Notonlywasthissaetyruleimportanttotheplaintiinthecasebutisimportanttothecommunitygoingorward.TeReptilesrulemustbeasimpleoneorittoworkandmustmeetsixcriteriatherulemustpreventdangeritmustprotectpeopleinawidevarietyosituationsitmustbeclearandconciseitmustexplicitlystatewhatapersonmustdoornotdoitmustbepracticalandtherulemustbeonethedeendantagreeswithorlooksoolishordisagreeingwith.Examplesincludephysiciansshoulddonoharmacompanymustnotneedlesslyendangertheiremployeesorevenanaccountantshouldnotneedlesslyendangerhisclientsnancialwellbeing.TewordneedlesslyisalwaysusedbecauseIyouomitneedlesslythedeendantcanescapebecausetherearealmostalwaysunavoidablerisks.p.56OncetheReptilehasestablisheditsruletheplaintisattorneywillaskyourclientorexperttoagreetotheruleaskthemtoagreeviolatingtherulecanhurtanyonethisisimportantbecauseanyoneincludesthejuryandtheircommunityandaskthemtoagreetheplaintiwasactinglikeeerybodyelsewhentheincidentoccurred.BydoingsoandwithoutexplicitlyviolatingTeGoldenRuletheReptilewillhaveplacedthejurycommunityintotheplaintisshoes.OfentherstsigntheReptileispresentoccursduringwrittendiscovery.WhenourclientsareaskedtoproducePoliciesorProceduresitmaybetheReptile.IourclientsareaskedtoagreetorulesinRequestsorAdmissiontheReptileisalreadycoiledaroundyourcase.FrequentlythersttimetheReptilerearsitsheadisatyourclientsdepositionwhenheorsheisaskedtoagreewiththeattorneysrules.Iyourclientisaskedtoagreewithrulesattheirdepositionthetopicwillberevisitedwithyourexpertsbutitispossibleyouexpertswillbeaskedaboutitindependentoyourclient.EradicatingtheReptileItheReptileispresentinyourcaseitneedstobeeradicated.MostothetimeitcanbeidentiedduringthediscoveryphasebutromtimetotimeadvocatesotheReptiletheoryarebroughtintothecasetoonlytrythecaseandtheReptilesthemesarenotintroduceduntilthemini-openingorvoirdire.RegardlessowhetherornottheReptileispresentpreparationothecaseshouldincludeadeensetotheReptile.Priortotheirdepositionsclientsandexpertsshouldbemadeawaretheymaybeaskedtoagreetoaruleandthenaskedtoextendthisspecicruletoageneralruleencompassingthecase.Ithedeponentissavvyenoughtoavoidthistheyshouldstillbepreparedtoanswerquestionsexplaininghowaviolationothespecicrulecancauseharminothercontexts.Dependingonhowwellthewitnesshandlesthemselvesunderquestioningtheyshouldalsobepreparedtodierentiatetheactsothepresentcasewiththeruletheplaintiispromoting.Iapplicablethedeponentshouldalsobeabletoexplainwhytheplaintisconductandorconditionisdierentromthegeneralpublic.FortheexperttheymaybeabletocreatearuleotheirownsuchasPatientsshouldalwaysollowpostoperativeinstructionstopreventneedlesslyendangeringthemselvesorEmployeesshouldbehonestwhenapplyingorajobtopreventneedlesslyendangeringotheirco-workersandcustomers.TeCourtshouldbeeducatedontheplaintisReptiletheoryandshouldbeaskedtoinstructtheplaintiscounselnottoapplyit.ItheReptileappearedduringdiscoveryexplainitinyourtrialbrie.ItheReptileshowsupattrialsubmitapocketbrie.Ineithercaseollowupwithspecicmotionsinlimine.AskingtheCourttoexcludetheReptiletheorydoesnotgivetheJudgeenoughinormationtobasearulingon.AskingtheJudgetoexcludereerencestotheattorneysmade-upruletoexcludeactsnotrelevanttothecaseandtopreventplaintiromreerringtothejuryastheconscienceothecommunityareunambiguousandmorelikelytoendinaavorableruling.ItheReptileispresentopposingcounselwillghttoletitremain.KeenandBalldevoteaull19othebook63o330pagestocounteringdeenseargumentsregardingviolationsotheGoldenRule.OReptileTeorycontinuedfrompage12 14verdictVolume32013those63pagesvearedevotedtoCaliorniamorethananyotherstate.KeenanandBallspecicallyclaimOurmethodistogetjurorstodecideontheentirelylogicalbasisowhatisjustandsaenotwhatisemotionallymoving.Jurorsareofenemotionallymovedandwealwayswantjurorstoeelstronglythatweshouldwin.ButtheReptilegetsjurorstothatpointnotonthebasisosentimentbutwhatissae.p.39PointedlyindeendingtheirtheoryKeenanandBallreertoasubjectivewhatissaestandardratherthanthelaw.InordertoseparatetheReptilestheoryromthelawjuryinstructionshouldincludeEv.Code210RelevantEvidenceEv.Code350OnlyRelevantEvidenceAdmissibleCACI200EvidenceregardingtheburdenoprooCACI400SubstantialFactorCACI1602and1620IntentionalNegligentInictionoEmotionalDistresseveninotclaimedbytheplaintiCACI3924NopunitiveDamagesandCACI5000DutiesotheJudgeandJury.WhererelevantCACI505SuccessnotRequiredandCACI506AlternativeMethodsoCareareappropriate.KeenanandBallareacutelyawaretheReptiledoesnotbelongontheterrafrmaothelaw.TeyadmitWeareofenaskedHowdoesthisnegligencesturelatetocausationanddamagesItrelatesinthemostimportantwayItgivejurorsapersonalreasontowanttoseecausationanddollaramountcomeoutjustlybecauseadeenseverdictwillurtherimperilthem.Onlyaverdictyourwaycanmakethemsaer.p.39WiththisquotetheReptilesowncreatorsshedtheirskinandrevealtheReptileorwhatitisasubversionothelaw.TeReptilewantsthejurortomakeadecisionbasedonapersonalreasoninviolationoEv.Code210350andcontrarytoCACI400and5000.LikewisetheReptilewantstoimperilthejuryandmakethemsaerviolatingtheGoldenRule.UsingthesesnakehandlingtoolstobetterprepareyourselourclientsandyourcaseandusingtheReptileownwordstoeducatetheCourtswecandrivetheReptilebacktotheswamp.ReptileTeorycontinuedfrompage13 Volume32013verdict15Ishouldhaverealizedtherewassomethingmissinginmylie.Iwasintrialdeendingasexualharassmentwrongulterminationcaseoraclientwhorequiredadailytrialreport.AsIwrotethatreporteachdayIoundmyselintroducingthedayseventswithasongtitleasthetheme.Ittookseveralmoreyearsuntiltherightopportunitycamealongtofllthevoid.In2009GaryS.GreeneEsq.ormedtheLALawyersPhilharmonicwww.lalawyersphil.orgwhichismadeupojudgeslawyersandotherlegalproessionals.TeLawyersPhilhasbeenrecognizedbyMayorAntonioVillaraigosaasL.A.sonlylegalorchestra.WiththesuccessotheLawyersPhilunderhisbeltGreenethenormedLegalVoicesachoirolegalproessionals.Ijumpedattheopportunitytoauditionandhavebeensingingwiththemeversince.WehaveweeklyrehearsalsatTeUnitedMethodistChurchinthemid-Wilshireareausingbothitschapelandchoirroom.Inexchangeweperormtwoconcertseachyearatthechurchwithallproceedsdonatedbacktothechurchortheirgenerosity.TebigeventisourannualsummerconcertatDisneyHall.Withaullhouseeachyeartheexperienceoperorminginoneothefnestconcerthallsintheworldisexhilarating.InadditionweperormorothercharitableandbarrelatedeventsincludingtheASCDCAnnualSeminartheMetropolitanNewsPersonsotheYearAwardDinnertheCaliorniaLosAngelesCountyBarSantaMonicaBeverlyHillsandSanFernandoBarAssociationstheItalianAmericanLawyersAssociationtheAmericanDiabetesAssociationGreystoneMansiontheLosAngelesLawLibraryandmanyothers.Whathasmadetheexperiencesospecialisthediscoverythattherearesomanylike-mindedproessionalswhoareskilledperormers.Teyareallpassionateaboutthemusicandmanyothemhavedegreesinmusic.Buttheyoundtheirwayintolawortheintellectualstimulationandthesteadypaycheck.IyouthinktryingacasetakesortitudetryearningalivingasamusicianAmongthemembersotheLALawyersPhilharmonicandLegalVoicesarenumerousASCDCmembers.ChristineT.HoefnerisacertifedappellatespecialistandSeniorCounselwithBallardRosenbergGolperSavitt.ChristinebeganplayingFrenchhornin4thgradeandcontinuedthroughhercollegeyears.AtUniversityoConnecticutshetookmanyclassesinmusicandperormedwiththeUniversityoConnecticutOrchestratheConcertWindsandintheatreproductions.ChristinehasbeenperormingwiththeLawyersPhilsinceitsfrstyear.MusictotheDefensesEarByLindaB.Hurevitzcontinuedonpage16 16verdictVolume32013DerrickS.LoweEsq.isanAssociateatBakerKeenerNahra.DerrickisanirreplaceablexturewithLegalVoices.HeisthechoiraccompanistandanextraordinarypianistwhosightreadsjustaboutanythingandcanmoveacilelyromclassicaltojazztoBroadwayshowtunes.Derrickwasaeaturesoloistatthe4thAnnualDisneyHallconcertinJuly2013perormingBeethovensChoralFantasy.HeearnedhisundergraduatedegreeinmusicandthenstudiedatBerkleeCollegeoMusicortwoyearsbeorereturningtotheSantaBarbaraareawhereheperormedwithlocaljazzgroupscoverbandsandasaccompanisttoseveralchoirs.JohnJ.ManierEsq.isaprincipalatNassiriJung.DuringhisundergraduatedaysatNotreDameJohnsangwiththeNotreDameChoraleandtheGleeClub.AtUCLALawSchoolhehadleadroleseachyearinmusicalswrittenbyProessorKennethW.GrahamJr.includingMyFairLawyerTeExam-aGameandColesLaw.Heisoneothoseraremusicianswhonotonlyhasperectpitchbutalsosingsineveryvocalrangeromtenortobass.Johnsabilitytoreadmusicismatchedbyhislegalwritingability.Johnisaverynewriterandhasmanyappellatedecisionsunderhisbelt.ShannonWainwrightEsq.isanassociatewithaylorBlesseywhereshespecializesinmedicalmalpracticedeense.Shannongrewupinahomelledwithmusic.HermotherperormedinmusicaltheatreandShannonollowedinherootsteps.TroughouthighschoolShannonperormedinmusicalsaswellaswithherschoolchoir.AsormeLindaB.HurevitzEsq.IsangproessionallytouringinternationallyornineyearsandrecordingtwoalbumswithatenpieceswingshowbandcalledTeNewDealRhythmBandwww.cdbaby.comcdNewDealRhythmBandunderthestagenameLindaAsher.TegroupwasdescribedbyRadioandRecordsasManhattanransermeetsoweroPower.WhenInallysettleddowninLosAngelesandbeganmysecondcareerpracticinglawIrstoundahomewithTomasPrice.WhenMikeTomasoferedmeajobhetoldmethathethoughtmyentertainmentbackgroundwouldmakemeagoodtriallawyer.IknewimmediatelyIwashomeandhehadmetryingawronguldeathcasewithinmyrstyearinpractice.ForthepastsixyearsIhavebeenaSeniorCounselatBallardRosenbergGolperSavittwhereIamatrialattorneydeendingemploymentcasesexclusively.IamoneotheoundingmembersoLegalVoices.Keepinginthelawyers-in-musicmodeIalsosingwithGaryS.GreenesBigBandoBarristersnamedthe1lawyersbandinthecountrybytheAmericanBarAssociationandthevocaljazzquartetTeSingersinLawwww.singersinlaw.com.Foreachoustheopportunitytobeinthemomentwiththemusicisnotonlyasourceopleasurebutengagesthecreativesideoourbrainswhichgiveseachousanenhancedabilitytoocusonthelegalissuesweaddresseachday.ItrulybelievewearebetterlawyersbecauseoitNowthatyouknowaboutuswhydontyouexperienceoneoourperormancesFebruary52014TeSingersinLawwithJusticeGilbertJerryLevineandEricSchaeerorTeShakespeareClubinPasadenaMusiccontinuedfrompage15 Volume32013verdict17Attorneydisqualifcationcanbeapowerultoolorprotectingclientconfdencesandpreservingattorneyloyalty.Butwinninganattorneydisqualifcationorderinthetrialcourtisonlyhalothebattle.Teotherhalisdeendingtheorderonappeal.Adisqualifcationorderisimmediatelyreviewablethrougharegularappealorawritpetition.StateWaterResourcesControlBd.v.SuperiorCourt97Cal.App.4th9079132002.AndthisreviewisrigorousRecognizingtheheavyburdenthatdisqualifcationimposesonaclientappellatecourtsscrutinizedisqualifcationrulingsclosely.Becauseotheclosescrutinythatadisqualifcationorderreceivesitscriticalthatanydisqualifcationmotionaccuratelyidentiytherelevantlawandincludeevidencethatwillsupportdisqualifcationunderthatlaw.Whereanattorneyisdisqualifedorhavingacquiredinormationabouttheotherpartyromapriorrepresentationthatmeansshowingnotonlythattheattorneyhastheinormationbutalsothatitisbothconfdentialandmaterial.worecentcasesillustratewhatittakestomakethisshowing.ProtectingAttorneyDisqualifcationOrdersFromReversalAlanaRotterGreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLPDeLucav.StateFishCo.Inc.2013DJDAR8519Cal.App.2dDist.June272013stemmedromadisputeoverwhoownedafshstoragepackingandprocessingplant.TetwopartieswhoclaimedownershipDeLucaandStateFishsuedeachother.TetrialcourtgrantedamistrialonDeLucasclaimandenteredjudgmentorStateFishonitsclaims.TeCourtoAppealreversedfndingthatDeLucawasentitledtojudgmentasamatterolawonStateFishsclaimsandremandingoraretrialonDeLucasmistriedcomplaint.OnremandDeLucaindicatedthathewouldbeusingarealestateexpertwhohadtestifedorStateFishintheoriginaltrialnotentirelysurprisinggiventhattheexpertstestimonyhadbolsteredDeLucasownpositionregardingthevalueothepropertyatissue.StateFishmovedtodisqualiyDeLucascounselonthegroundthattheexperthadconfdentialinormationaboutStateFishandbyimplicationhadgiventhatinormationtoDeLucascounsel.TetrialcourtgrantedthemotionbuttheCourtoAppealreversed.DeLucaexplainedthattodisqualiyDeLucascounselorcontactwithStateFishsexpertStateFishwouldhavetoestablishthattheexpertpossessesconfdentialinormationmateriallyrelatedtotheproceedingsbeorethecourt.StateFishsevidencedidnotmeetthatstandard.StateFishhadpresentedsomeevidenceItsattorneydeclaredthathehaddisclosedtotheexpertsomeohisownimpressionsconclusionsopinionsandtheoriesaboutcertainissuesinthecaseandthattheexpertpossessedconfdentialproprietaryinormationoStateFishregardinghowStateFishconductsitsbusinessandwhatitsrealestateneedsareinconnectionwithconductingitsbusiness.ButtheCourtoAppealheldthatthiswasnotenough.ItconcludedthatwhateverimpressionsconclusionsopinionsandtheoriesStateFishsattorneyhadconveyedtotheexpertwereverylikelyrevealedduringthecourseotheinitialtrialandsowerenotconfdentialbythetimethatDeLucascounselretainedtheexpertonremand.StateFishsdeclarationsapparentlydidnotshowotherwise.TecourtoundsimilarlylackingStateFishsattorneysdeclarationthattheexpertknewhisviewsoncertainissuesinthecase.Tecontinuedonpage18 18verdictVolume32013declarationdidnotspeciywhichissueshehaddiscussedwiththeexpert.Onlyoneissueunlawuldetainerwasinplayonremand.Anycondentialinormationthattheexperthadrelatingtoothernow-resolvedissuesthereorewasnotmateriallyrelatedtothecasethatwaspendingbythetimeothedisqualicationmotion.Becausetheattorneydeclarationdidnotstatethatthecondentialinormationrelatedtothesingleremainingissueitwasnotevidencethattheinormationwasmaterialthestandardordisqualication.ItthereorewaserrororthetrialcourttodisqualiyDeLucascounselbasedoncontactwiththeexpert.Khaniv.FordMotorCo.215Cal.App.4th9162013oersanotherexampleowhatittakestocreatearecordthatwillwithstandappeal.AcarbuyersuedFordallegingthathiscarwasalemon.FordmovedtodisqualiytheplaintisattorneyonthegroundthathehadpreviouslydeendedlemonlawcasesorFordandknewFordsstrategieswhenitcametosuchcases.TetrialcourtgrantedthemotiondisqualiyingtheattorneyonthegroundthatheknewFordslitigationplaybookthatishowFordhandleslemonlawcases.AsinDeLucatheCourtoAppealreversed.Khaniexplainedthatapartyseekingtodisqualiyitsormerattorneymustshowthattheormerrepresentationissubstantiallyrelatedtothecurrentcase.Ithereissucharelationshipthecourtwillpresumethattheattorneypossessescondentialinormationrequiringdisqualication.Butestablishingasubstantialrelationshipmaynotbeeasy.Itisnotenoughorexamplethatthetworepresentationsinvolvethesamelegalissue.Tetrialcourtmustcloselyanalyzetheconnectionbetweenthetwocasesconsideringpreciselywhethertheyareactuallyandlegallysimilar.Tatmeanscomparingboththelegalissuesinvolvedandhowcondentialinormationlearnedduringtherstrepresentationwouldbematerialtothesecondrepresentation.IntheKhaniCourtoAppealsviewtheactsthatbothrepresentationsinvolvedlemonlawclaimsandthattheattorneymayhaveknownFordsgeneralplaybookorlemonlawcasesdidnotthemselveswarrantdisqualication.obeentitledtorelieFordwouldalsohavetopresentevidencethatthesamecondentialinormationwasrelevanttobothcases.SuchevidencemightincludeorexamplethatthecasesinvolvedthesamecarthatthepoliciespracticesorproceduresFordusedtoevaluatesettleorlitigatelemonlawcaseswhentheattorneyrepresenteditwerethesameasFordscurrentpracticesorthatthesamedecisionmakerswhocalledtheshotsinthepriorcasewerealsothedecisionmakersinthecurrentcase.AbsentsuchevidenceKhanihelddisqualicationwasanabuseodiscretion.AlthoughKhaniandDeLucaaroseoutodierentactualscenariostheyshareacommonthemeApartyseekingtodisqualiyopposingcounselbasedonaclaimthattheattorneyhasbeenprivytocondentialinormationacesahighbar.Evenithetrialcourtgrantsthemotiontheappellatecourtwillscrutinizetherecordorevidencethattheattorneyhascondentialinormationandthattheinormationismaterialtotheissuesbeingtried.Itthereoreiscrucialnotonlytodrafamotionthatexplainstherelevantlawandwhydisqualicationiswarrantedbutalsotocreateadetailedactualrecordthatshowsasspecicallyaspossiblethattheattorneyhasinormationthatisbothcondentialandmaterial.AlanaRotteriscertifedasanappellatespecialistbytheStateBaroCaliorniaBoardoLegalSpecialization.SheisapartneratGreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLPwhichtheNationalLawJournalrecentlyeaturedonits2013AppellateHotList.Shecanbereachedatarottergmsr.com.AttorneyDisqualifcationscontinuedfrompage17 Volume32013verdictgreensheetsiLisaPerrochetTheGreenSheetsalthoughpublishedlaterthanmostcurrentadvancesheetsbecauseofcopydeadlinesshouldserveasausefulreviewofrecentimportantdecisions.ReadersareinvitedtosuggestsignicantdecisionsforinclusioninthenextGreenSheetsedition.PleasecontactLPerrochethorvitzlevy.comTomaketheGreenSheetsausefultooltodefensecounseltheyareprintedingreenandinsertedinthemiddleofVerdictmagazineeachissue.eycanbeeasilyremovedandledforfurtherreference.OfcoursetheGreenSheetsarealwaysoneattorneysinterpretationofthecaseandeachattorneyshouldthoroughlyreadthecasesbeforecitingthemorrelyingonthisdigest.Carefulcounselwillalsochecksubsequenthistorybeforeciting.greensheetsNOTESONRECENTDECISIONScontinuedonpageiiARBITRATIONArbitrationagreementwaivingassertionofclaimsinaclassactionisnotunconscionableevenwherethecostofprovingaclaimonanindividualbasismakesituneconomicaltolitigatetheclaim.AmericanExpressCo.v.ItalianColorsRestaurant2013133S.Ct.2304.InATTMobilityLLCv.Concepcion2011131S.Ct.1740theU.S.SupremeCourtheldthataCaliforniastatelawpolicydeclaringclassarbitrationwaiverstobeunconscionableandunenforceablewaspreemptedbytheFederalArbitrationActFAA.IntheAmericanExpresscasetheU.S.SupremeCourtaddressedtherelatedquestionoftheextenttowhichcourtscouldrefusetoenforceanarbitrationagreementbasedonaconcernthattheagreementfailedtovindicatefederalstatutoryrights.eCourtsaidnodecisivelylimitingthescopeoftheso-calledvindicationprincipleasadefenseagainsteortstoenforcearbitrationagreementsaswritten.ecourtheldthattotheextentitexistsatalltheprincipleprecludesatmostprospectivewaiversoftherighttopursuefederalstatutoryremediesandperhapsalsoprohibitslingandadministrativefeesthataresohightheymakeaccesstothearbitralforumimpracticableincasesinvolvingfederalstatutoryrights.eCourtconcludedthatthisprincipleisnotviolatedbyaclassactionwaiverrequiringindividualarbitrationevenwherethecostofprovingaclaimmakesituneconomicalforapartytolitigateonanindividualbasis.SeealsoOxfordHealthPlansLLCv.Sutter2013133S.Ct.2064arbitratorsdecisionisvalidwherethepartiesagreedthearbitratorcoulddeterminewhetherthearbitrationagreementpermittedclassarbitrationifpartiesbargainforthearbitratorsconstructionoftheiragreementtheFAApermitsfederalcourtstovacateanarbitraldecisiononlywhenthearbitratorstrayedfromhisdelegatedtaskofinterpretingacontractnotwhenheperformedthattaskpoorlysee2013Verdictvol.1Greensheetsavailableathttpwww.ASCDC.orgPublications.aspformoredetailsaboutthesupersededCourtofAppealsdecisioninthiscase.SeealsoFergusonv.CorinthianCollegesInc.9thCir.2013733F.3d928CaliforniaSupremeCourtprecedentBroughtonandCruzcasesprohibitingarbitrationofclaimsforpublicinjunctivereliefbroughtundertheUnfairCompetitionLawortheConsumersLegalRemediesActispreemptedbytheFAAaerConcepcionthevindicationprincipledoesnotsavethisstaterulefromFAApreemptionbecausetheprincipleisinapplicabletostatestatutoryclaims.SeealsoRichardsv.ErnstYoungLLP9thCir.2013734F.3d871indicatingthatfederallaborlawdidnotoverrideFAAsmandaterequiringenforcementofarbitrationagreementsaccordingtotheirtermsincludingtheirclassactionwaiversVoume32013erictgreenseetsierrocetTheGreenSheetsalthoughpublishedlaterthanmostcurrentadvancesheetsbecauseofcopydeadlinesshouldserveasausefulreviewofrecentimportantdecisions.ReadersareinvitedtosuggestsignicantdecisionsforinclusioninthenextGreenSheetsedition.PleasecontactLPerrochethorvitzlevy.comTomaketheGreenSheetsausefultooltodefensecounseltheyareprintedinreenandinsertedinthemiddleofVerdicmaazineeachissue.eycanbeeasilyremovedandledforfurtherreference.OfcoursetheGreenSheetsarealwaysoneattorneysinterpretationofthecaseandeachattorneyshouldthoroughlyreadthecasesbeforecitingthemorrelyingonthisdigest.Carefulcounselwillalsochecksubsequenthistorybeforecitin.rnNTENREENTDEIINcontnueonpageARBITRATINArbitrationareementwaivinassertionofmnnnnnnevenwherethecostofrovinaclaimonannvmnnmtatetecam.AmericanExpressCo.v.ItalianColorsRestaurant2013133S.Ct.2304.InATTMobilityLLCv.Concepcion2011131S.Ct.1740theU.S.SupremeCourtheldthataCaliforniastatelawpolicydeclaringclassarbitrationwaiverstobeunconscionableandunenforceablewaspreemptedbytheFederalArbitrationActFAA.IntheAmericanExpresscasetheU.S.SupremeCourtaddressedtherelatedquestionoftheextenttowhichcourtscouldrefusetoenforceanarbitrationagreementbasedonaconcernthattheagreementfailedtovindicatefederalstatutoryrights.eCourtsaidnodecisivelylimitingthescopeoftheso-calledvindicationprincipleasadefenseagainsteortstoenforcearbitrationagreementsaswritten.ecourtheldthattotheextentitexistsatalltheprincipleprecludesatmostprospectivewaiversoftherighttopursuefederalstatutoryremediesandperhapsalsoprohibitslingandadministrativefeesthataresohightheymakeaccesstothearbitralforumimpracticableincasesinvolvingfederalstatutoryrights.eCourtconcludedthatthisprincipleisnotviolatedbyaclassactionwaiverrequiringindividualarbitrationevenwherethecostofprovingaclaimmakesituneconomicalforapartytolitigateonanindividualbasis.SeealsoOxfordHealthPlansLLCv.Sutte2013133S.Ct.064arbitratorsdecisionisvalidwherethepartiesareedthearbitratorcoulddeterminewhetherthearbitrationareementpermittedclassarbitrationifpartiesbarainforthearbitratorsconstructionoftheirareementtheFAApermitsfederalcourtstovacateanarbitraldecisiononlywhenthearbitratorstrayedfromhisdelegatedtaskofinterpretingacontractnotwhenheperformedthattaskpoorlysee2013Verdictvol.1Greensheetsavailableathttpwww.ASCDC.orgPublications.aspformoredetailsaboutthesupersededCourtofAppealsdecisioninthiscase.Seelsoergusonv.CorinthianCollegesInc.9thCir.201333F.3d928CaliforniaSupremeCourtprecedentBroughtonandCruzcasesprohibitingarbitrationofclaimsforpublicinjunctivereliefbroughtundertheUnfairCompetitionLawortheConsumersLegalRemediesActispreemptedbytheFAAaerConcepcionthevindicationprincipledoesnotsavethisstaterulefromFAApreemptionbecausetheprincipleisinapplicabletostatestatutoryclaims.SeelsoRichardsv.ErnstYoungLL9thCir.2013734F.3d871indicatingthatfederallaborlawdidnotoverrideFAAsmandaterequiringenforcementofarbitrationagreementsaccordingtotheirtermsincludingtheirclassactionwaivers iiverdictgreensheetsVolume32013SeealsoMortensenv.BresnanCommunicationsLLC9thCir.2013722F.3d1151applyingConcepcionandAmericanExpresstoholdthatFAApreemptsastateruleinvalidatingadhesivearbitrationagreementsunlesstheyareexplainedtoandinitialedbyconsumerswhiletheprinciplesunderlyingthisruleareonesofgeneralapplicabilitytheydisproportionatelyaectarbitrationagreementswheretheyarosefromstatecourtconsiderationofadhesivearbitrationagreementsandmostoftherulesapplicationshavebeentothoseprovisionstherebyinvalidatingthematahigherratethanothercontractprovisionsCompareChavarriav.RalphsGroceryCo.9thCir.2013733F.3d916armingorderdenyingmotiontocompelarbitrationunderCalifornialawwheretheagreementunconscionablypermittedemployertopickthepoolofpotentialarbitratorseverytimeemployeebringsaclaimrequiredthearbitratortoimposesignicantarbitratorfeesupfrontregardlessofthemeritsoftheemployeesclaimsandseverelylimitedthearbitratorsauthoritytoallocatethosearbitratorfeesintheawardtheFAAdidnotpreemptresultbecauseitdidnotdisfavorarbitrationandinsteadprovidedthatthearbitrationprocessmustbefairCaliforniacourtsapproachtoFAApreemptionofstatelawshostiletoarbitrationagreementscontinuestocontrastwiththeU.S.SupremeCourtand9thCircuitFederalCourtofAppealsaerConcepcionandAmericanExpressSeee.g.Sonic-CalabasasAInc.v.Moreno201357Cal.4th1109holdingthattheFAAasinterpretedbyConcepcionpreemptstheCaliforniaSupremeCourtspriorpublicpolicystandardcategoricallyprohibitinganarbitrationagreementfromwaivinganemployeesinformaladministrativehearingforwage-relatedclaimsbeforetheLaborCommissionerandmandatingarbitrationofthewagedisputebutleavingopenthepossibilitythatthiswaivermaybefoundtobeunconscionableonacase-by-casebasiswhereasonefactorintheunconscionabilityanalysisacourtconsidersavariantofthevindicationprinciplei.e.whethertheagreementsfailstoprovidetheemployeewithanaccessibleandaordableforumforresolvingwagedisputesSeealsoVargasv.SAIMonroviaB.reviewgrantedcaseno.S212033formerlypublishedat21bCal.App.4th1269trialcourtheldarbitrationagreementwasenforceableinactionbycarbuyerwhobroughtaputativeclassactionagainstadealerallegingviolationsoftheConsumersLegalRemediesActCLRAtheAutomobileSalesFinanceActtheUnfairCompetitionLawUCLtheSongBeverlyConsumerWarrantyActandtheCaliforniaTireRecyclingActtheCourtofAppealreversedwithdirectionstodenydefendantsmotiontocompelarbitrationandmotiontostriketheclassallegationsSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonAugust212013butorderedbriengdeferredpendingtheCourtsdecisioninSanchezv.ValenciaHoldingCo.LLCS199119.ForfurtherdiscussionofSanchezsee2012Greensheetsvol.1SeealsoBrownv.SuperiorCourtreviewgrantedcaseno.S211962formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th1302trialcourtheldarbitrationagreementwasenforceableinemployeesputativeclassactionagainsttheiremployerforviolationsofCaliforniaswageandhourlawsseekingrestitutiondamagesandcivilpenaltiesonbehalfofthemselvesandallotheraggrievedemployeesasallowedbythePrivateAttorneysGeneralActPAGAtheCourtofAppealreverseddirectingthataneworderbeentered1grantingtheemployerspetitiontocompelarbitrationwithrespecttoallofplaintisclaimsexcepttheclaimforcivilpenaltiesunderPAGAand2stayingtheactionastoallofplaintisclaimsincludingtheclaimunderPAGApendingresolutionofthearbitrationSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonSeptember112013butorderedbriengdeferredpendingitsdecisioninIskanianv.CLSTransportationLosAngelesLLCS204032.ForfurtherdiscussionofIskaniansee2012Greensheetsvol.3.CIVILPROCEDUREOrdercompellingjudgmentdebtordiscoveryresponsesfromathirdpartyafterentryofjudgmentisimmediatelyappealable.Macalusov.SuperiorCourtLennarLandPartnersIILLC2013219Cal.App.4th1042.ejudgmentcreditorwhosoughttoenforceitsjudgmentissuedasubpoenatoathirdpartyMacalusotoobtaininformationaboutthejudgmentMacalusoappearedatajudgmentdebtorsexambutlargelyrefusedtoanswerquestionsandsubsequentlyrefusedtoprovidenancialdocumentsorderedbythetrialcourttobeproduced.AerMacalusotimelyappealedtheproductionorderthetrialcourtconcludedtheorderwasnotappealableandscheduledacontempthearing.Macalusoledawritpetition.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.OneheldtheordertoproducedocumentsatajudgmentdebtorexaminationheldpursuanttoCCPsection.110wasappealableunderCCPsection904.1a2whichprovidesthatanappeal...maybetakenfrom.........anordermadeaerajudgment....eorderrepresentedanaldeterminationthatoverruledthesubpoenaedpartysobjectionstothedocumentrequestandmandatedthatthematerialsdescribedinthesubpoenabeproducedandlenoissueforfutureconsiderationexceptthesubpoenaedpartyscomplianceornoncompliancewiththetermsoftheorder.Asection998offerthatgreatlyexceedsthedefendantsinsurancelimitsandabilitytopaymaynonethelessbereasonableifthedefendantsinsurerispotentiallyliableforanyfuturejudgmentinexcessofpolicylimits.Aguilarv.Gostischef2013220Cal.App.4th475.Inthispersonalinjuryactiontheplaintiattemptedtolearnthedefendantspolicylimitsinordertomakeasettlementdemandwithinpolicylimits.edefendantsliabilityinsurernotrespond.Whentheinsurerlateroeredits100000limitstheplaintirejectedtheoerandcounteredwithaCCPsection998settlementdemandfor700000tellingtheinsurerthatnotwithstandingcontinuedfrompageicontinuedonpageiiiiierictgreenseetsVoume32013SeelsoMortensenv.BresnanCommunicationsLL9thCir.2013722F.3d1151applyingConcepcionandAmericanExpresstoholdthatFAApreemptsastateruleinvalidatingadhesivearbitrationagreementsunlesstheyareexplainedtoandinitialedbyconsumerswhiletheprinciplesunderlyingthisruleareonesofgeneralapplicabilitytheydisproportionatelyaectarbitrationagreementswheretheyarosefromstatecourtconsiderationofadhesivearbitrationagreementsandmostoftherulesapplicationshavebeentothoseprovisionstherebyinvalidatingthematahigherratethanothercontractprovisionsompareChavarriav.RalphsGroceryCo.9thCir.2013733F.3d916armingorderdenyingmotiontocompelarbitrationunderCalifornialawwheretheagreementunconscionablypermittedemployertopickthepoolofpotentialarbitratorseverytimeemployeebringsaclaimrequiredthearbitratortoimposesignicantarbitratorfeesupfrontregardlessofthemeritsoftheemployeesclaimsandseverelylimitedthearbitratorsauthoritytoallocatethosearbitratorfeesintheawardtheFAAdidnotpreemptresultbecauseitdidnotdisfavorarbitrationandinsteadprovidedthatthearbitrationprocessmustbefairaliforniacourtsapproachtoFAApreemptionofstatelawshostiletoarbitrationagreementscontinuestocontrastwiththeU.S.SupremeCourtand9thCircuitFederalCourtofAppealsaerConcepcionandAmericanExpressSeee.g.onic-CalabasasAInc.v.Moreno201357Cal.4th1109holdingthattheFAAasinterpretedbyConcepcionpreemptstheCaliforniaSupremeCourtspriorpublicpolicystandardcategoricallyprohibitinganarbitrationagreementfromwaivinganemployeesinformaladministrativehearingforwage-relatedclaimsbeforetheLaborCommissionerandmandatingarbitrationofthewagedisputebutleavingopenthepossibilitythatthiswaivermaybefoundtobeunconscionableonacase-by-casebasiswhereasonefactorintheunconscionabilityanalysisacourtconsidersavariantofthevindicationprinciplei.e.whethertheagreementsfailstoprovidetheemployeewithanaccessibleandaordableforumforresolvingwagedisputesSeealsoVargasv.SAIMonroviaB.reviewgrantedcaseno.S212033formerlypublishedat21bCal.App.4th1269trialcourtheldarbitrationagreementwasenforceableinactionbycarbuyerwhobroughtaputativeclassactionagainstadealerallegingviolationsoftheConsumersLegalRemediesActCLRAtheAutomobileSalesFinanceActtheUnfairCompetitionLawUCLtheSongBeverlyConsumerWarrantyActandtheCaliforniaTireRecyclingActtheCourtofAppealreversedwithdirectionstodenydefendantsmotiontocompelarbitrationandmotiontostriketheclassallegationsSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonAugust212013butorderedbriengdeferredpendingtheCourtsdecisioninSanchezv.ValenciaHoldingCo.LLS199119.ForfurtherdiscussionofSanchezsee2012Greensheetsvol.1SeelsoBrownv.SuperiorCourtreviewgrantedcaseno.S211962formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th1302trialcourtheldarbitrationagreementwasenforceableinemployeesputativeclassactionagainsttheiremployerforviolationsofCaliforniaswageandhourlawsseekingrestitutiondamagesandcivilpenaltiesonbehalfofthemselvesandallotheraggrievedemployeesasallowedbythePrivateAttorneyseneralActPAGAtheCourtofAppealreverseddirectingthataneworderbeentered1grantingtheemployerspetitiontocompelarbitrationwithrespecttoallofplaintisclaimsexcepttheclaimforcivilpenaltiesunderPAGAand2stayingtheactionastoallofplaintisclaimsincludingtheclaimunderPAGApendingresolutionofthearbitrationSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonSeptember112013butorderedbriengdeferredpendingitsdecisioninIskanianv.CLSTransportationLosAngelesLLS204032.ForfurtherdiscussionofIskaniansee2012Greensheetsvol.3.IVILPREDRErdercompellingjudgmentdebtordiscoveryresponsesfromathirdpartyafterentryofumentsmmeateaeaae.Macalusov.SuperiorCourtLennarLandPartnersIILLC2013219Cal.App.4th1042.ejudmentcreditorwhosouhttoenforceitsjudmentissuedasubpoenatoathirdpartyMacalusotoobtaininformationaboutthejudmentMacalusoappearedatajudmentdebtorsexambutlarelyrefusedtoanswerquestionsandsubsequentlyrefusedtoprovidenancialdocumentsorderedbythetrialcourttobeproduced.AerMacalusotimelyappealedtheproductionorderthetrialcourtconcludedtheorderwasnotappealableandscheduledacontempthearin.Macalusoledawritpetition.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.OneheldtheordertoproducedocumentsatajudmentdebtorexaminationheldpursuanttoCCPsection.110wasappealableunderCCPsection904.1a2whichprovidesthatanappeal...maybetakenfrom.........anordermadeaerajudment....eorderrepresentedanaldeterminationthatoverruledthesubpoenaedpartysobjectionstothedocumentrequestandmandatedthatthematerialsdescribedinthesubpoenabeproducedandlenoissueforfutureconsiderationexceptthesubpoenaedpartyscomplianceornoncompliancewiththetermsoftheorder.Asection998offerthatreatlexceedsthedefendantsinsurancelimitsandabilittoamanonethelessbereasonableifthedefendantsinsurerisotentiallliableforanfutureudmentinexcessofoliclimits.Aguilarv.Gostische2013220Cal.App.4th475.Inthispersonalinjuryactiontheplaintiattemptedtolearnthedefendantspolicylimitsinordertomakeasettlementdemandwithinpolicylimits.edefendantsliabilityinsurernotrespond.Whentheinsurerlateroeredits100000limitstheplaintirejectedtheoerandcounteredwithaCCPsection998settlementdemandfor700000tellingtheinsurerthatnotwithstandingontinuedromaeicontnueonae Volume32013verdictgreensheetsiiithedefendantinsuredslackofassetstheinsurersearlierfailuretonegotiateinresponsetoattemptstosettlewithinpolicylimitssubjectedtheinsurertoliabilityonitspolicyforamountsinexcessofthelimits.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Eightheldthetrialcourtproperlyfoundthesection998oertobereasonableandthereforevalidtakingintoaccountthepotentialthattheinsurermightbeliableforanexcessjudgmentwhenevaluatingwhetheraCodeofCivilProcedureSec.998oerwasreasonable.Defendantsmayproperlyseekremovalbasedonallegationsinplaintiffscomplaintthattheirclaimssharecommonissuesbutsubsequentlyarguethatplaintiffsdonotactuallydemonstratethecommonalityofissuesrequiredtojoinplaintiffsunderthefederalrules.Visendiv.BankofAmericaN.A.9thCir.2013733F.3d863.Agroupof137plaintisledasinglestate-courtcomplaintstatingPlaintisandeachofthemdemandajurytrial.DefendantsremovedthecasetofederalcourtundertheClassActionFairnessActCAFAandthenmovedtodismisstheactiononthegroundthatplaintisclaimsweremisjoinedunderFederalRulesofCivilProcedure20abecausetheylackcommonality.etrialcourtaccuseddefendantsofgamesmanshipandbadfaithfortakingwhatitconsideredinconsistentpositionsdefendantsobtainedCAFAremovalbyshowingthatclaimsof100ormorepersonsareproposedtobetriedjointlyonthegroundthatplaintisclaimsinvolvecommonquestionsoflaworfact28U.S.C.1332d11BiandthendefendantssubsequentlyarguedthatplaintisclaimsweremisjoinedbecausetheydidnotraisecommonissuesoflaworfactFed.R.Civ.P.20a.eNinthCircuitreversedholdingdefendantsactedproperly.ecourtheldthatCAFAremovabilityisdeterminedatthetimeremovalissoughtandonceplaintisledasinglecomplaintwithover100plaintisallegingtheirclaimssharecommonissuesoflaworfactandproposingajointtrialremovabilitywasproperatthattimeregardlessofwhethertheclaimsultimatelyproceededtoajointtrial.Onceinfederalcourthoweverdefendantsarefreetoarguethatnotwithstandingplaintisallegationsplaintisclaimslacksucientlycommonissuesoflaworfacttomeritjoinderinwhichcasethecourtmayseverthemisjoinedplaintisbydismissingtheclaimsofallbuttherstnamedplaintiwithoutprejudicetothelingofindividualactions.usdefendantsmayproperlyseekremovalbasedontheallegationsinplaintiscomplaintthattheirclaimssharecommonissuesbutsubsequentlyarguethatplaintisdonotactuallydemonstratethecommonalityofissuesrequiredtojoinplaintisunderthefederalrules.INSURANCEBadfaithclaimforfailuretosettlemayberejectedasamatteroflawwhereplaintiffnevermadeasettlementdemandanddefendantinsurerdidnotunreasonablydelayinofferingpolicylimitswhenliabilitywasclear.Reidv.MercuryInsuranceCompany2013220Cal.App.4th262petitionforreviewpending.isinsurancecoverageandbadfaithactionaroseoutofanautoaccidentinwhichtheinsuredsliabilitywascleartotheinsurershortlyaertheaccident.ethirdpartydidnotmakeanysettlementdemandbeforelingsuit.einsurerdidnotimmediatelyoeritspolicylimitswhilewaitingformedicalrecordsbutdidsowithinthreemonthsaerreceivingthoserecords.etrialcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentfortheinsurer.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Eightarmedholdingthatinsurershavenodutytoinitiatesettlementeortsevenwhereitappearsthatthereisasubstantiallikelihoodtheclaimantwillrecoverdamagesinexcessofpolicylimits.Aninsurercannotbeliableforbadfaithfailuretosettleabsentanindicationfromtheinjuredpartythatheorsheisinclinedtosettlewithinpolicylimits.Aninsurersdutytosettleisnotprecipitatedsolelybythelikelihoodofanexcessjudgmentagainsttheinsured.Intheabsenceofasettlementdemandoranyothermanifestationtheinjuredpartyisinterestedinsettlementwhentheinsurerhasdonenothingtoforeclosethepossibilityofsettlementwendthereisnoliabilityforbadfaithfailuretosettle.LiabilityinsurersreservationofrightsdoesnottriggerdutytoappointCumiscounsel.FederalInsuranceCo.etal.v.MBLInc.2013219Cal.App.4th29.TodeterminetheircontractualobligationswithrespectanunderlyingCERCLAactionassertingpollutioncontaminationclaimsthedefendantsliabilityinsurersledadeclaratoryreliefactiontobefreedfromtheobligationunderInsuranceCodesection2860topayforindependentcounselknownasCumiscounselfollowinga1984decisionestablishingthatobligationtorepresenttheinsuredadrycleaningchemicalsupplier.esupplierarguedthatinthedisputeovertheremediationofaCaliforniaSuperfundsitetheinsurersdecisiontoprovideadefenseonlyunderareservationofrightscreatedaconictofinterestsuchthatdefensecounselcouldnotproperlyjointlyrepresenttheinsuredandinsurersinatripartiterelationship.etrialcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentinfavoroftheinsurers.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.armedholdingthatnoconicttriggeringadutytoretainCumiscounselwascreatedbytheexistenceofpotentiallyapplicablecoveragelimitationsinapolicysuchastherequirementthatapollutiondischargebesuddenandaccidentalwheretheinsurerdidnotspecicallyraisethoseprovisionswhenreservingtheirrightstodenycoverageforanyjudgmentthatmightbereturnedagainsttheinsured.Moreoverevenifinsurershavepointedtospecicpolicylanguagewhilereservingtheirrightstherecanbenoconictofinterestbasedonissuesthatdefensecounselappointedbytheinsurercannotcontrol.ForexamplethecontinuedfrompageiicontinuedonpageivVoume32013erictgreenseetsiiithedefendantinsuredslackofassetstheinsurersearlierfailuretonegotiateinresponsetoattemptstosettlewithinpolicylimitssubjectedtheinsurertoliabilityonitspolicyforamountsinexcessofthelimits.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Eightheldthetrialcourtproperlyfoundthesection998oertobereasonableandthereforevalidtakingintoaccountthepotentialthattheinsurermightbeliableforanexcessjudgmentwhenevaluatingwhetheraCodeofivilProcedureSec.998oerwasreasonable.Defendantsmayproperlyseekremovalbasedonallegationsinplaintiffscomplaintattercamssarecommonssuesutsubsequentlyarguethatplaintiffsdonotactuallydemonstratethecommonalityofissuesreuiredtooinlaintiffsunderthefrlrl.Visendiv.BankofAmericaN.A.9thCir.2013733F.3d863.Agroupof137plaintisledasinglestate-courtcomplaintstatingPlaintisandeachofthemdemandajurytrial.DefendantsremovedthecasetofederalcourtundertheClassActionFairnessActCAFAandthenmovedtodismisstheactiononthegroundthatplaintisclaimsweremisjoinedunderFederalRulesofCivilProcedure20abecausetheylackcommonality.etrialcourtaccuseddefendantsofgamesmanshipandbadfaithfortakingwhatitconsideredinconsistentpositionsdefendantsobtainedCAFAremovalbyshowingthatclaimsof100ormorepersonsareproposedtobetriedjointlyonthegroundthatplaintisclaimsinvolvecommonquestionsoflaworfact28U.S.C.1332d11BiandthendefendantssubsequentlyarguedthatplaintisclaimsweremisjoinedbecausetheydidnotraisecommonissuesoflaworfactFed.R.Civ.P.20a.eNinthCircuitreversedholdingdefendantsactedproperly.ecourtheldthatCAFAremovabilityisdeterminedatthetimeremovalissoughtandonceplaintisledasinglecomplaintwithover100plaintisallegingtheirclaimssharecommonissuesoflaworfactandproposingajointtrialremovabilitywasproperatthattimeregardlessofwhethertheclaimsultimatelyproceededtoajointtrial.Onceinfederalcourthoweverdefendantsarefreetoarguethatnotwithstandingplaintisallegationsplaintisclaimslacksucientlycommonissuesoflaworfacttomeritjoinderinwhichcasethecourtmayseverthemisjoinedplaintisbydismissingtheclaimsofallbuttherstnamedplaintiwithoutprejudicetothelingofindividualactions.usdefendantsmayproperlyseekremovalbasedontheallegationsinplaintiscomplaintthattheirclaimssharecommonissuesbutsubsequentlyarguethatplaintisdonotactuallydemonstratethecommonalityofissuesrequiredtojoinplaintisunderthefederalrules.INRANEBadfaithclaimforfailuretosettlemayberejectedasamatteroflawwhereplaintiffnevermaeasettementemanandefendantinsurerdidnotunreasonablydelayinofferingpolicylimitswhenliabilitywasr.Reidv.MercuryInsuranceCompany2013220Cal.App.4th262petitionforreviewpending.isinsurancecoverageandbadfaithactionaroseoutofanautoaccidentinwhichtheinsuredsliabilitywascleartotheinsurershortlyaertheaccident.ethirdpartydidnotmakeanysettlementdemandbeforelingsuit.einsurerdidnotimmediatelyoeritspolicylimitswhilewaitingformedicalrecordsbutdidsowithinthreemonthsaerreceivingthoserecords.etrialcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentfortheinsurer.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Eightarmedholdingthatinsurershavenodutytoinitiatesettlementeortsevenwhereitappearsthatthereisasubstantiallikelihoodtheclaimantwillrecoverdamaesinexcessofpolicylimits.Aninsurercannotbeliableforbadfaithfailuretosettleabsentanindicationfromtheinjuredpartythatheorsheisinclinedtosettlewithinpolicylimits.Aninsurersdutytosettleisnotprecipitatedsolelybythelikelihoodofanexcessjudmentaainsttheinsured.Intheabsenceofasettlementdemandoranyothermanifestationtheinjuredpartyisinterestedinsettlementwhentheinsurerhasdonenothintoforeclosethepossibilityofsettlementwendthereisnoliabilityforbadfaithfailuretosettle.Liabilityinsurersreservationofrightsdoesnottriggerdutytoappointumiscounsel.FederalInsuranceCo.etal.v.MBLInc.2013219Cal.App.4th29.TodeterminetheircontractualobliationswithrespectanunderlyinCERCLAactionassertinpollutioncontaminationclaimsthedefendantsliabilityinsurersledadeclaratoryreliefactiontobefreedfromtheobliationunderInsuranceCodesection2860topayforindependentcounselknownasCumiscounselfollowinga1984decisionestablishingthatobligationtorepresenttheinsuredadrycleaningchemicalsupplier.esupplierarguedthatinthedisputeovertheremediationofaCaliforniaSuperfundsitetheinsurersdecisiontoprovideadefenseonlyunderareservationofrightscreatedaconictofinterestsuchthatdefensecounselcouldnotproperlyjointlyrepresenttheinsuredandinsurersinatripartiterelationship.etrialcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentinfavoroftheinsurers.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.armedholdingthatnoconicttriggeringadutytoretainCumiscounselwascreatedbytheexistenceofpotentiallyapplicablecoveragelimitationsinapolicysuchastherequirementthatapollutiondischargebesuddenandaccidentalwheretheinsurerdidnotspecicallyraisethoseprovisionswhenreservingtheirrightstodenycoverageforanyjudgmentthatmightbereturnedagainsttheinsured.Moreoverevenifinsurershavepointedtospecicpolicylanguagewhilereservingtheirrightstherecanbenoconictofinterestbasedonissuesthatdefensecounselappointedbytheinsurercannotcontrol.Forexampletheontinuedromaeiicontnueonpagev ivverdictgreensheetsVolume32013courtexplainedtheinsuredhasnotshownhowtheinsurersreservationofrightstodenycoverageforlossesarisingoutofagovernmentdemandtomonitorandcleanupsuchpollutiongivesrisetoaconictofinterestsincecounselcouldnotcontroltheoutcomeofthatinquiry.Additionallythefactthattheinsurerhadissuedpoliciestomorethanonedefendantinthecaseandprovidedseparatecounseltotheco-defendantsdidnotautomaticallycreateanyconictrequiringindependentcounsel.Finallytheappointeddefensecounselcouldnotcontrolthetimingofunderlyinglosseswhichcouldberelevanttoascertainingwhetherthelossesfellwithinaparticularinsurerspolicyperiod.SeealsoSwansonv.StateFarmGeneralInsuranceCo.2013219Cal.App.4th1153SecondDist.Div.SevenamaterialconictofinteresttriggeringinsurersdutytoappointCumiscounselexistsonlywhenthebasisforinsurersreservationofrightscouldcauseappointeddefensecounseltoassertfactualorlegaltheoriesaectingcoveragethatwouldbecontrarytopositionstheinsuredwouldasserttodefendagainstthethird-partyclaimtheinsurersdutytoprovideCumiscounselceasedtoexistwhentheinsurerwithdrewitsreservationofrightswhichrestoredtheinsurersrighttotakecontrolofthedefensewithanattorneyofitschoosingtheinsurerdidnotwaivethatrightbyfailingexpresslytoreserveit.SeealsoCarterv.EntercomSacramentoLLC2013219Cal.App.4th337irdDistemployeeaskedhisemployertopayfordefensecounselinanactionarisingoutoftheemployeesworkbuttheemployeerefusedthecounselappointedbytheemployeesinsurerwishinginsteadtohavecounselofhischoicethetrialcourtdeclinedtoawardrecoveryforfeesthedefendantpaidtohisattorneyndingtheywerenotnecessaryoncetheinsurerappointedcounselandtheCourtofAppealarmedholdingLaborCodeSec.2802dutytoindemnifyemployeefordefensecostsdidnotgiveemployeeanabsoluterighttoberepresentedbycounselofhisownchoosingevenwhenclaimsagainstemployeesoughtpunitivedamagestherewasnoreservationofrightsandnoconictgivenlackofmotiveonemployersparttoexposeemployeetopunitivedamages.Liabilityinsurerdoesnothaveadutyunderstandardpolicytermstodefenditspolicyholderagainstathird-partylawsuitseekinginjunctivereliefbutnocompensatorydamages.SanMiguelCommunityAssn.v.StateFarmGeneralInsuranceCo.2013220Cal.App.4th798.Insuredsinthisbreachofcontractandbadfaithactionsuedtheirliabilityinsurerforrefusingtoreimbursethemforthecostofdefendingtheearlystagesofalawsuitinwhichtheplaintishadinitiallysoughtonlyinjunctiverelieftoenforceparkingrestrictionswithinthecommunityplusanawardofpunitivedamages.Whenthethirdpartyplaintislateramendedtheirpleadingtoincludeaclaimforrecoveryofcompensatorydamagestheinsureragreedtoassumeappellantsdefensebutrefusedtoreimburseitforanydefensecostsincurredpriortotheamendment.etrialcourtenteredsummaryjudgmentinfavoroftheinsurer.einsuredsappealedarguingthattheinsurerhadanobligationtoprovidethemwithadefenseeveninabsenceofanyexpressclaimfordamagesintheearlierversionsofthethirdpartycomplaintbecausethoseearlierversionsimpliedthethirdpartieshadsueredcompensabledamagesasaresultofinsuredswrongdoingandthusdemonstratedapotentialliabilityfordamagescoveredunderthepolicy.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.reearmed.Underthepolicythedutytodefendappliedonlytoclaimsorsuitsseekingdamagespayableunderthepolicy.epossibilitythatthethird-partyplaintismightlaterseekrecoveryofcompensatorydamageswasirrelevant.Whatmattersiswhetherthethirdpartyhassoughttorecoverdamagesfromtheinsured.Itisonlywhenthethirdpartydoesthatthatithasitmadeaclaimwhichtriggersevenpotentialcoverageunderaliabilitypolicy.atdidnotoccurhereuntilthethirdpartyplaintisamendedtheirpleadingtoincludeaclaimforcompensatorydamages.Moreovertheinsuredsclaimbasedontheinsurersallegedbadfaithinmanufacturingevidencefailsforthemostbasicreasonofall...aclaimforliabilitybasedonaninsurersallegedbreachoftheimpliedcovenantofgoodfaithandfairdealingcannotbemaintainedunlesstheinsuredwasentitledtocoverageundertheinsurerspolicy.Aninsurermustprovideadefenseeveniftheinsuredhasnotpaidthepolicysself-insuredretentionabsentclearlanguagetothateffectinthepolicy.AmericanSafetyIndemnityCo.v.AdmiralInsuranceCo.2013220Cal.App.4th1.Oneinsurerwhopaiddefensecostssuedanotherinsurerforequitablesubrogationbecausethedefendantinsurerdeclinedtodefendtheinsuredagainstunderlyingsoilsubsidenceclaimsnotingthattheinsuredhadnotyetpaidthe250000self-insuredretentionindefensecosts.etrialcourtruledthatthedefendantinsurerowedadutytoreimbursetheplaintifordefensecostsitpaid.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Onearmed.ThesubjectcommercialgeneralliabilitypolicyhasaprovisionlabeledSelf-insuredRetentionSIRthatclearlymakestheinsuredliablefortherst250000indamagespayabletoanythirdpartyclaimant.epolicyalsomakesitcleartheinsuredspaymentofdefensecostscounttowardmeetingtheinsuredsSIRobligations.HowevertheSIRclauseweareaskedtoconsiderdoesnotexpresslymakepaymentoftheSIRaconditionoftheinsurersbroaderobligationtoprovideadefensewhenanarguablycoveredclaimistendered.RathertheSIRclauseexpresslyappliesonlyasalimitationontheinsurersdutytoindemnifytheinsuredforcovereddamagesforwhichtheinsuredisfoundliable.GiventhelanguageofthepolicyaninsuredcouldquitereasonablyinterpretitasprovidingadefensetoarguablycoveredclaimsassoonassuchclaimsaretenderedandbeforeanySIRhasbeenpaid.edistinguishedprimaryinsurancepoliciesfromexcesspoliciesinwhichtheinsurergenerallyhasnodutytodefenduntiltheunderlyingprimarycoverageisexhausted.continuedfrompageiiiiverictgreenseetsVoume32013courtexplainedtheinsuredhasnotshownhowtheinsurersreservationofrightstodenycoverageforlossesarisingoutofagovernmentdemandtomonitorandcleanupsuchpollutiongivesrisetoaconictofinterestsincecounselcouldnotcontroltheoutcomeofthatinquiry.Additionallythefactthattheinsurerhadissuedpoliciestomorethanonedefendantinthecaseandprovidedseparatecounseltotheco-defendantsdidnotautomaticallycreateanyconictrequiringindependentcounsel.Finallytheappointeddefensecounselcouldnotcontrolthetimingofunderlyinglosseswhichcouldberelevanttoascertainingwhetherthelossesfellwithinaparticularinsurerspolicyperiod.SeealsoSwansonv.StateFarmGeneralInsuranceCo.2013219Cal.App.4th1153SecondDist.Div.SevenamaterialconictofinteresttriggeringinsurersdutytoappointCumiscounselexistsonlywhenthebasisforinsurersreservationofrightscouldcauseappointeddefensecounseltoassertfactualorlegaltheoriesaectingcoveragethatwouldbecontrarytopositionstheinsuredwouldasserttodefendagainstthethird-partyclaimtheinsurersdutytoprovideCumiscounselceasedtoexistwhentheinsurerwithdrewitsreservationofrightswhichrestoredtheinsurersrighttotakecontrolofthedefensewithanattorneyofitschoosingtheinsurerdidnotwaivethatrightbyfailingexpresslytoreserveit.SeelsoCarterv.EntercomSacramentoLLC2013219Cal.App.4th337irdDistemployeeaskedhisemployertopayfordefensecounselinanactionarisingoutoftheemployeesworkbuttheemployeerefusedthecounselappointedbytheemployeesinsurerwishinginsteadtohavecounselofhischoicethetrialcourtdeclinedtoawardrecoveryforfeesthedefendantpaidtohisattorneyndingtheywerenotnecessaryoncetheinsurerappointedcounselandtheCourtofAppealarmedholdingLaborCodeSec.2802dutytoindemnifyemployeefordefensecostsdidnotgiveemployeeanabsoluterighttoberepresentedbycounselofhisownchoosingevenwhenclaimsagainstemployeesoughtpunitivedamagestherewasnoreservationofrightsandnoconictgivenlackofmotiveonemployersparttoexposeemployeetopunitivedamages.atnsureroesnotaveautunderstandardolictermstodefenditsocoeraanstatr-artawsutseekininunctivereliefbutnocomensatoramaes.SanMiguelCommunityAssn.v.StateFarmGeneralInsuranceCo.2013220Cal.App.4th798.Insuredsinthisbreachofcontractandbadfaithactionsuedtheirliabilityinsurerforrefusingtoreimbursethemforthecostofdefendingtheearlystagesofalawsuitinwhichtheplaintishadinitiallysoughtonlyinjunctiverelieftoenforceparkingrestrictionswithinthecommunityplusanawardofpunitivedamages.Whenthethirdpartyplaintislateramendedtheirpleadingtoincludeaclaimforrecoveryofcompensatorydamagestheinsureragreedtoassumeappellantsdefensebutrefusedtoreimburseitforanydefensecostsincurredpriortotheamendment.etrialcourtenteredsummaryjudgmentinfavoroftheinsurer.einsuredsappealedarguingthattheinsurerhadanobligationtoprovidethemwithadefenseeveninabsenceofanyexpressclaimfordamagesintheearlierversionsofthethirdpartycomplaintbecausethoseearlierversionsimpliedthethirdpartieshadsueredcompensabledamaesasaresultofinsuredswrongdoingandthusdemonstratedapotentialliabilityfordamagescoveredunderthepolicy.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.reearmed.Underthepolicythedutytodefendappliedonlytoclaimsorsuitsseekingdamagespayableunderthepolicy.epossibilitythatthethird-partyplaintismightlaterseekrecoveryofcompensatorydamageswasirrelevant.Whatmattersiswhetherthethirdpartyhassoughttorecoverdamagesfromtheinsured.Itisonlywhenthethirdpartydoesthatthatithasitmadeaclaimwhichtriggersevenpotentialcoverageunderaliabilitypolicy.atdidnotoccurhereuntilthethirdpartyplaintisamendedtheirpleadingtoincludeaclaimforcompensatorydamages.Moreovertheinsuredsclaimbasedontheinsurersallegedbadfaithinmanufacturingevidencefailsforthemostbasicreasonofall...aclaimforliabilitybasedonaninsurersallegedbreachoftheimpliedcovenantofgoodfaithandfairdealingcannotbemaintainedunlesstheinsuredwasentitledtocoverageundertheinsurerspolicy.Aninsurermustrovideadefenseeveniftheinsuredhasnotaidtheolicsself-insuredretentionabsentclearlanuaetothateffectnteoc.AmericanSafetyIndemnityCo.v.AdmiralInsuranceCo.2013220Cal.App.4th1.Oneinsurerwhopaiddefensecostssuedanotherinsurerforequitablesubroationbecausethedefendantinsurerdeclinedtodefendtheinsuredaainstunderlyinsoilsubsidenceclaimsnotinthattheinsuredhadnotyetpaidthe250000self-insuredretentionindefensecosts.etrialcourtruledthatthedefendantinsurerowedadutytoreimbursetheplaintifordefensecostsitpaid.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Onearmed.ThesubjectcommercialeneralliabilitypolicyhasaprovisionlabeledSelf-insuredRetentionSIRthatclearlymakestheinsuredliablefortherst250000indamaespayabletoanythirdpartyclaimant.epolicyalsomakesitcleartheinsuredspaymentofdefensecostscounttowardmeetintheinsuredsSIRobliations.HowevertheSIRclauseweareaskedtoconsiderdoesnotexpresslymakepaymentoftheSIRaconditionoftheinsurersbroaderobligationtoprovideadefensewhenanarguablycoveredclaimistendered.RathertheSIRclauseexpresslyappliesonlyasalimitationontheinsurersdutytoindemnifytheinsuredforcovereddamagesforwhichtheinsuredisfoundliable.GiventhelanguageofthepolicyaninsuredcouldquitereasonablyinterpretitasprovidingadefensetoarguablycoveredclaimsassoonassuchclaimsaretenderedandbeforeanySIRhasbeenpaid.edistinguishedprimaryinsurancepoliciesfromexcesspoliciesinwhichtheinsurergenerallyhasnodutytodefenduntiltheunderlyingprimarycoverageisexhausted.ontinuedromaeiii Volume32013verdictgreensheetsvTORTSUNFAIRCOMPETITIONCONSUMERLAWUCLactionagainstinsurermayproceedsolongasitisbasedonallegedconductthatiswrongfulunderprinciplesindependentoftheUnfairInsurancePracticesAct.Zhangv.SuperiorCourt201357Cal.4th364.eplaintiinsuredclaimedthathisinsurerviolatedtheUnfairCompetitionLawUCLBusinessandProfessionsCodesection17200etseq.bypromisingtoprovidetimelycoverageintheeventofacompensablelosswhenitallegedlydidnotintendtopaythetruevalueofitsinsuredscoveredclaims.einsurercontendedplaintisclaimwasanimpermissibleattempttopleadaroundtheholdinginMoradi-Shalalv.FiremansFundIns.Companies198846Cal.3d287thataprivaterightofactioncouldnotbebasedonviolationoftheUnfairInsurancePracticesActUIPAInsuranceCodesection790etseq.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtheldthatwhileMoradi-ShalalbarsprivateactionsforviolationoftheUIPAincludingUCLclaimsdirectlybasedontheUIPAitdoesnotprecluderstpartyUCLactionsbasedongroundsindependentoftheUIPAevenwhentheinsurersconductmayalsoviolatetheUIPA.FraudandUnfairCompetitionLawclaimsagainstlendermayproperlybedismissediffraudispleadedwithinsufcientspecicityandnoindependentgroundforUCLliabilityisshown.Aspirasv.WellsFargoBankN.A.2013219Cal.App.4th948petitionforreviewpending.InthisactionforfraudnegligentmisrepresentationandunlawfulbusinesspracticesundertheUCLplaintis-allegedthatdefendantlenderdefraudedthembyclaimingitwouldholdoonforeclosurewhilethepartiesdiscussedloanmodication.etrialcourtsustaineddefendantsdemurreronthegroundplaintishadnotpleadedanyactionablerepresentationwithadequatespecicityinpartbecausetheonlyapparentmisrepresentationwasbyanunidentiedemployeewithoutconrmedauthoritytomakeanyrepresentationandplaintisappealedtheresultingdefensejudgment.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.OneheldthepracticeofnegotiatingaloanmodicationwhilealsopursuingforeclosuredoesnotviolateanycommonlawdutyandalsodoesnotviolatetheUCLasthatpracticewillnotbebarredbylawuntilnewlegislationtakeseectonJanuary12018.Whereaplaintipredicatesaclaimofanunfairactorpracticeonpublicpolicyitisnotsucienttomerelyallegetheactviolatespublicpolicyorisimmoralunethicaloppressiveorunscrupulous.Citation.Ratherthiscourtonnumerousoccasionshasheldthattoestablishapracticeisunfairaplaintimustprovethedefendantsconductistetheredtoanunderlyingconstitutionalstatutoryorregulatoryprovisionorthatitthreatensanincipientviolationofanantitrustlaworviolatesthepolicyorspiritofanantitrustlaw.Finallythetrialcourtproperlyfoundplaintisfailedtosucientlyallegefraudwheretheirclaimswerebasedonacallwithanunnamedpersonwhoseauthoritywasinquestion.SeealsoSchlegelv.WellsFargoBankNA9thCir.2013720F.3d1204borrowersunsuccessfullysuedabankundertheFairDebtCollectionPracticesActforsendingmortgagedefaultnoticesdespitetheexistenceofaloanmodicationagreementthebankprincipalbusinesswasnotdebtcollectionsoitdidnotqualifyasadebtcollectorundertheAct.HowevertheborrowerscouldpursueaclaimundertheEqualCreditOpportunityActsnoticerequirementbecausewithrespecttothebanksallegedaccelerationoftheborrowersdebttheborrowerscomplaintplausiblyallegesthatthebankannulledrepealedrescindedorcanceledtheirrighttodeferrepaymentoftheirloanconstitutingarevocationofcreditwithinthestatutorydenitionofadverseactiontriggeringthedutytoprovideastatementofreasonsfortheactionincontrastsendingamistakendefaultnoticewouldnotnecessarilyconstituteanadverseactionCompareChapmanv.SkypeInc.2013220Cal.App.4th217SecondDist.Div.reetrialcourterredinsustainingdemurrerinUCLandCLRAactionbasedonallegationsthatdefendantadvertisedacallingplanasunlimitedwheninfacttheplanswerelimitedastothenumberofminutesperdayandmonthandthenumberofcallsperdayAtrieroffactcouldndthatthatconsumersarelikelytobelievethatSkypesUnlimitedUSCanadaitalicsaddedcallingplanoersunlimitedcallingwithintheUnitedStatesandCanadaforaxedmonthlyfeeandthattheywillfailtonoticethedisclosuretothecontraryinthefairusagepolicythatwasreferencedinafootnoteonawebpage.MoreoveratrieroffactcouldinferUCLcausationactualreliancebasedonallegationsthattherepresentationwasmaterialtothedecisiontopurchasetheplanSeealsoRosev.BankofAmericaN.A.201357Cal.4th390CaliforniaSupremeCourtaprivateactionalleginganunlawfulbusinesspracticeunderCaliforniasUnfairCompetitionLawmaybebasedonallegedviolationsofafederalstatuteevenwhereCongresshasrepealedaprovisionofthatstatuteauthorizingcivilactionsfordamagessolongasCongressmadeitplainthatstatelawsconsistentwiththefederalstatutearenotsupersededSeealsoAngelicaTextileServicesInc.v.Park2013220Cal.App.4th495petitionforreviewpendingFourthDist.Div.OnetrialcourterredinsummarilyrejectingplaintiemployersclaimsthatitsformeremployeebreachedhisemploymentagreementandhisdutyofloyaltywheretheemployeeallegedlydisparagedtheemployertoalocalbusinessandtookactionsthatresultedincustomerstakingtheirbusinesstoemployeesnewemployertheseclaimsaswellasemployersclaimthatemployeewronglyretaineddocumentsbelongingtoemployerwerenotdisplacedbytheUniformTradeSecretsActonwhichtheemployerlostattrialastheallegationssupportedtheoriesindependentofanytradesecretSeealsoPeoplev.PersolveLLC2013218Cal.App.4th1267FihDist.trialcourterroneouslysustainedademurrerinthispublicenforcementactionundertheUCLallegingdefendantscontinuedonpageviVoume32013erictgreenseetsTRTNFAIRMPETITINNMERLAWULactionagainstinsurermayproceedsoongastsaseonaegeconucttatswrongfulunderprinciplesindependentofthenfirInrnPriA.Zhangv.SuperiorCourt201357Cal.4th364.eplaintiinsuredclaimedthathisinsurerviolatedtheUnfairompetitionLawUCLBusinessandProfessionsCodesection17200etseq.bypromisingtoprovidetimelycoverageintheeventofacompensablelosswhenitallegedlydidnotintendtopaythetruevalueofitsinsuredscoveredclaims.einsurercontendedplaintisclaimwasanimpermissibleattempttopleadaroundtheholdinginMoradi-Shalalv.FiremansFundIns.Companies198846Cal.3d287thataprivaterihtofactioncouldnotbebasedonviolationoftheUnfairInsurancePracticesActUIPAInsuranceodesection790etseq.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtheldthatwhileMoradi-ShalalbarsprivateactionsforviolationoftheUIPAincludinUCLclaimsdirectlybasedontheUIPAitdoesnotprecluderstpartyUCLactionsbasedonroundsindependentoftheUIPAevenwhentheinsurersconductmayalsoviolatetheUIPA.FraudandUnfairometitionLawclaimsagainstlendermayproperlybedismissediffraudispleadedwithinsufcientspecicityandnoindependentgroundforULliabilityiswn.Aspirasv.WellsFargoBankN.A.2013219Cal.App.4th948petitionforreviewpending.InthisactionforfraudnelientmisrepresentationandunlawfulbusinesspracticesundertheUCLplaintis-alleedthatdefendantlenderdefraudedthembyclaiminitwouldholdoonforeclosurewhilethepartiesdiscussedloanmodication.etrialcourtsustaineddefendantsdemurreronthegroundplaintishadnotpleadedanyactionablerepresentationwithadequatespecicityinpartbecausetheonlyapparentmisrepresentationwasbyanunidentiedemployeewithoutconrmedauthoritytomakeanyrepresentationandplaintisappealedtheresultingdefensejudgment.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.OneheldthepracticeofnegotiatingaloanmodicationwhilealsopursuingforeclosuredoesnotviolateanycommonlawdutyandalsodoesnotviolatetheUCLasthatpracticewillnotbebarredbylawuntilnewlegislationtakeseectonJanuary12018.Whereaplaintipredicatesaclaimofanunfairactorpracticeonpublicpolicyitisnotsucienttomerelyallegetheactviolatespublicpolicyorisimmoralunethicaloppressiveorunscrupulous.Citation.Ratherthiscourtonnumerousoccasionshasheldthattoestablishapracticeisunfairaplaintimustprovethedefendantsconductistetheredtoanunderlyingconstitutionalstatutoryorregulatoryprovisionorthatitthreatensanincipientviolationofanantitrustlaworviolatesthepolicyorspiritofanantitrustlaw.Finallythetrialcourtproperlyfoundplaintisfailedtosucientlyallegefraudwheretheirclaimswerebasedonacallwithanunnamedpersonwhoseauthoritywasinquestion.SeelsoSchlegelv.WellsFargoBankNA9thCir.2013720F.3d1204borrowersunsuccessfullysuedabankundertheFairDebtCollectionPracticesActforsendingmortgagedefaultnoticesdespitetheexistenceofaloanmodicationagreementthebankprincipalbusinesswasnotdebtcollectionsoitdidnotqualifyasadebtcollectorundertheAct.HowevertheborrowerscouldpursueaclaimundertheEqualCreditOpportunityActsnoticerequirementbecausewithrespecttothebanksallegedaccelerationoftheborrowersdebttheborrowerscomplaintplausiblyallegesthatthebankannulledrepealedrescindedorcanceledtheirrighttodeferrepaymentoftheirloanconstitutingarevocationofcreditwithinthestatutorydenitionofadverseactiontriggeringthedutytoprovideastatementofreasonsfortheactionincontrastsendingamistakendefaultnoticewouldnotnecessarilyconstituteanadverseactionCompareChapmanv.SkypeInc.2013220Cal.App.4th17SecondDist.Div.reetrialcourterredinsustainindemurrerinUCLandCLRAactionbasedonalleationsthatdefendantadvertisedacallinplanasunlimitedwheninfacttheplanswerelimitedastothenumberofminutesperdayandmonthandthenumberofcallsperdayAtrieroffactcouldndthatthatconsumersarelikelytobelievethatSkypesUnlimitedUSCanadaitalicsaddedcallinplanoersunlimitedcallinwithintheUnitedStatesandCanadaforaxedmonthlyfeeandthattheywillfailtonoticethedisclosuretothecontraryinthefairusaepolicythatwasreferencedinafootnoteonawebpae.MoreoveratrieroffactcouldinferUCLcausationactualreliancebasedonalleationsthattherepresentationwasmaterialtothedecisiontopurchasetheplanSeealsoRosev.BankofAmericaN.A.201357Cal.4th390CaliforniaSupremeCourtaprivateactionalleinanunlawfulbusinesspracticeunderCaliforniasUnfairCompetitionLawmaybebasedonalleedviolationsofafederalstatuteevenwhereConresshasrepealedaprovisionofthatstatuteauthorizincivilactionsfordamaessolonasCongressmadeitplainthatstatelawsconsistentwiththefederalstatutearenotsupersededSeelsoAngelicaTextileServicesInc.v.Park2013220Cal.App.4th495petitionforreviewpendingFourthDist.Div.OnetrialcourterredinsummarilyrejectingplaintiemployersclaimsthatitsformeremployeebreachedhisemploymentagreementandhisdutyofloyaltywheretheemployeeallegedlydisparagedtheemployertoalocalbusinessandtookactionsthatresultedincustomerstakingtheirbusinesstoemployeesnewemployertheseclaimsaswellasemployersclaimthatemployeewronglyretaineddocumentsbelongingtoemployerwerenotdisplacedbytheUniformTradeSecretsActonwhichtheemployerlostattrialastheallegationssupportedtheoriesindependentofanytradesecretSeelsoPeoplev.PersolveLL2013218Cal.App.4th1267FihDist.trialcourterroneouslysustainedademurrerinthispublicenforcementactionundertheUCLallegingdefendantscontnueonpagev viverdictgreensheetsVolume32013repeatedlyviolatedfairdebtcollectionstatutes.ecomplaintwasnotbarredbythelitigationprivilegeeventhoughthepartiesdidnotdisputethatthecomplaintwasbasedsolelyoncommunicationsandcommunicativeactsrelatedtojudicialproceedingstheunfaircompetitionlawcauseofactionwaspredicatedonconductspecicallyprohibitedbyfederalandstatedebtcollectionlawsandanexceptiontothelitigationprivilegemustberecognizedinsuchcircumstancesbecausetheCaliforniaActandtheFederalActaremorespecicthantheprivilegeandwouldbesignicantlyorwhollyinoperableiftheprivilegeapplied.CASESPENDINGINTHECALIFORNIASUPREMECOURTAddressingliabilityinsurersabilitytoseekreimbursementofexcessivefeesfromCumiscounselwhowasretainedtodefendinsuredinunderlyingaction.J.R.MarketingL.L.C.v.HartfordCasualtyInsuranceCompanycaseno.S211645formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th1444.InthisactionbyaliabilityinsureragainstcounselretainedtodefendaninsuredtheinsurerarguedthatthelegalfeeschargedwereexcessiveinviolationofCivilCodeSection2860.atstatuteregulatesthequalicationsforCumiscounselandtheratestheymaychargeandprovidesforbindingarbitrationoffeedisputes.etrialcourtfoundthattheprovisionsofsection2860didnotapplyandtheinsurersonlyremedyforunreasonableorexcessiveattorneyfeeswasanactionforreimbursementfollowingthecloseoftheunderlyinglitigationaerthedefensecostswerepaid.einsureraccordinglybroughtthereimbursementactionauthorizedbythetrialcourtandarguedithadacommon-lawquasi-contractualrighttobringtheactiondirectlyagainstCumiscounselaswellasitsinsureds.HoweverboththetrialcourtandtheCourtofAppealFirstDistrictDivisionreesaidthattheinsurermayseekreimbursementonlyfromitsowninsuredsandnotfromthelawyerswhohadreceivedthefeepayments.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonSeptember182013todecidethefollowingissueDotheprinciplesarticulatedinBussv.SuperiorCourt199716Cal.4th35andtheestablishedcommon-lawremediesformoneywrongfullyreceivedgiveaninsureracommon-lawquasi-contractualrighttomaintainadirectactionagainstCumiscounselforreimbursementofunreasonableandunnecessarydefensefeesandcostsAddressingelderabuseliabilityonthepartofaphysicianwhodoesnothavecustodialcontroloverapatientandwhofailstoreferthepatienttoaspecialist.Winnv.PioneerMedicalGroupInc.caseno.S211793formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th875.Aerthedeathoftheir83-year-oldmotherplaintissueddefendantphysiciansforelderabusebasedondefendantsrepeateddecisionsnottorefertheirmothertoavascularspecialist.Defendantscontendedtheycouldnotbeliableforelderabusebecausetheytreateddecedentasanoutpatientandliabilityforelderabuserequiresassumptionofcustodialobligations.etrialcourtdismissedtheelderabuseactionndingthatplaintisfailedtoallegethatpetitionersdeniedtheirmotherneededcareinarecklessmanner.InsteadrelyingonDelaneyv.Baker199920Cal.4th23thecourtruledthatthesuitamountedtonothingmorethanprofessionalnegligencewhichclaimplaintishadassertedinaseparatelyledlawsuit.AdividedCourtofAppealreversedholdingthatacustodialrelationshipwiththedecedentwasnotrequiredtostateanelderabuseclaim.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonAugust142013toaddressthefollowingissues1.WhetheraphysiciancanbeliableforelderabuseneglectwherethepatientwasacompetentautonomousadultwhovoluntarilysoughtoutpatientmedicaltreatmentfromthephysicianonaperiodicbasisorwhetherliabilityundertheElderAbuseandDependentAdultCivilProtectionActdependsuponthatphysicianhavingcustodialobligationsforprovidingthebasicneedsandcomfortsoftheelderpatient.2.Whetheraphysiciancanbeliableforelderabuseneglectwherethephysicianmadeamedicalerrorinfailingtorecognizetheneedforspecializedcareorwhetherthephysicianmusthaverefusedtoprovidefortheelderlypatientsbasicneedsandcomforts.AddressingtherightofaprevailingdefendantinaFEHAcasetocollectordinarycosts.Williamsv.ChinoValleyIndependentFireDistrictcaseno.S213100formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th73.PlaintilostaFEHACaliforniaFairEmploymentandHousingActGov.Code12900etseq.caseinwhichhehadsuedChinoValleyIndependentFireDistrictforemploymentdiscrimination.WhentheDistrictsoughttorecoveritscostsattheendofthatcasethetrialcourtgrantedplaintismotionstotaxcostsinpartgrantingtheDistrictcostsof5368.88.Plaintiappealedcontendingthatnocostsshouldhavebeenallowed.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Twoarmedholdingthatordinarycostsarerecoverablebyaprevailingdefendantasamatterofright.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober162013todecidethefollowingissueIsaprevailingdefendantinanactionundertheFairEmploymentandHousingActGov.Code12900etseq.isrequiredtoshowthattheplaintisclaimwasfrivolousunreasonableorgroundlessinordertorecoverordinarylitigationcosts.SeealsoMunizv.UnitedParcelServiceInc.9thCir.2013___F.3d___2013WL6284357adividedappellatepanelheldthefederaldistrictcourtinFEHAcasedidnotabuseitsdiscretioninawardingtheprevailingplainti697971.80inattorneysfeeswherethejuryawardedheronly27280indamagesCalifornialawdidnotrequirethedistrictcourttoreducethefeeawarddespitesuchathedisparitytocompensatorydamagescontinuedfrompagevierictgreenseetsVoume32013repeatedlyviolatedfairdebtcollectionstatutes.ecomplaintwasnotbarredbythelitigationprivilegeeventhoughthepartiesdidnotdisputethatthecomplaintwasbasedsolelyoncommunicationsandcommunicativeactsrelatedtojudicialproceedingstheunfaircompetitionlawcauseofactionwaspredicatedonconductspecicallyprohibitedbyfederalandstatedebtcollectionlawsandanexceptiontothelitigationprivilegemustberecognizedinsuchcircumstancesbecausetheCaliforniaActandtheFederalActaremorespecicthantheprivilegeandwouldbesignicantlyorwhollyinoperableiftheprivilegeapplied.AEPENDININTHEALIFRNIAPREMERTAddressinliabilitinsurersabilittoseekrimrmnfxivffrmCumisnlwhwrinfninrinunernacton.J.R.MarketingL.L.C.v.HartfordCasualtyInsuranceCompanycaseno.S211645formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th1444.InthisactionbyaliabilityinsureragainstcounselretainedtodefendaninsuredtheinsurerarguedthatthelegalfeeschargedwereexcessiveinviolationofCivilCodeSection2860.atstatuteregulatesthequalicationsforCumiscounselandtheratestheymaychargeandprovidesforbindingarbitrationoffeedisputes.etrialcourtfoundthattheprovisionsofsection2860didnotapplyandtheinsurersonlyremedyforunreasonableorexcessiveattorneyfeeswasanactionforreimbursementfollowingthecloseoftheunderlyinglitigationaerthedefensecostswerepaid.einsureraccordinglybroughtthereimbursementactionauthorizedbythetrialcourtandarguedithadacommon-lawquasi-contractualrighttobringtheactiondirectlyagainstCumiscounselaswellasitsinsureds.HoweverboththetrialcourtandtheCourtofAppealFirstDistrictDivisionreesaidthattheinsurermayseekreimbursementonlyfromitsowninsuredsandnotfromthelawyerswhohadreceivedthefeepayments.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonSeptember182013todecidethefollowingissueDotheprinciplesarticulatedinBussv.SuperiorCour199716Cal.4th35andtheestablishedcommon-lawremediesformoneywrongfullyreceivedgiveaninsureracommon-lawquasi-contractualrighttomaintainadirectactionagainstCumiscounselforreimbursementofunreasonableandunnecessarydefensefeesandcostsressneerauseatonteartofahsicianwhodoesnothavecustodialcontroloveraatientandwhofailstorefereatenttoasecast.Winnv.PioneerMedicalGroupInc.caseno.S211793formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th875.Aerthedeathoftheir83-year-oldmotherplaintissueddefendantphysiciansforelderabusebasedondefendantsrepeateddecisionsnottorefertheirmothertoavascularspecialist.Defendantscontendedtheycouldnotbeliableforelderabusebecausetheytreateddecedentasanoutpatientandliabilityforelderabuserequiresassumptionofcustodialobligations.etrialcourtdismissedtheelderabuseactionndingthatplaintisfailedtoallegethatpetitionersdeniedtheirmotherneededcareinarecklessmanner.InsteadrelyingonDelaneyv.Bake199920Cal.4th23thecourtruledthatthesuitamountedtonothingmorethanprofessionalnegligencewhichclaimplaintishadassertedinaseparatelyledlawsuit.AdividedCourtofAppealreversedholdingthatacustodialrelationshipwiththedecedentwasnotrequiredtostateanelderabuseclaim.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonAugust142013toaddressthefollowingissues.WhetheraphysiciancanbeliableforelderabuseneglectwherethepatientwasacompetentautonomousadultwhovoluntarilysoughtoutpatientmedicaltreatmentfromthephysicianonaperiodicbasisorwhetherliabilityundertheElderAbuseandDependentAdultCivilProtectionActdependsuponthatphysicianhavincustodialobliationsforprovidinthebasicneedsandcomfortsoftheelderpatient.2.Whetheraphysiciancanbeliableforelderabusenelectwherethephysicianmadeamedicalerrorinfailintoreconizetheneedforspecializedcareorwhetherthephysicianmusthaverefusedtoprovidefortheelderlypatientsbasicneedsandcomforts.Addressintherihtofarevailindefendantnacasetocoectornarcosts.Williamsv.ChinoValleyIndependentFireDistrictcaseno.S213100formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th73.PlaintilostaFEHACaliforniaFairEmploymentandHousinActov.Code12900etseq.caseinwhichhehadsuedChinoValleyIndependentFireDistrictforemploymentdiscrimination.WhentheDistrictsouhttorecoveritscostsattheendofthatcasethetrialcourtrantedplaintismotionstotaxcostsinpartrantintheDistrictcostsof5368.88.Plaintiappealedcontendinthatnocostsshouldhavebeenallowed.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Twoarmedholdinthatordinarycostsarerecoverablebyaprevailingdefendantasamatterofright.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober162013todecidethefollowingissueIsaprevailingdefendantinanactionundertheFairEmploymentandHousingActGov.Code12900etseq.isrequiredtoshowthattheplaintisclaimwasfrivolousunreasonableorgroundlessinordertorecoverordinarylitigationcosts.SeelsoMunizv.UnitedParcelServiceInc.9thCir.2013___F.3d___2013WL6284357adividedappellatepanelheldthefederaldistrictcourtinFEHAcasedidnotabuseitsdiscretioninawardingtheprevailingplainti697971.80inattorneysfeeswherethejuryawardedheronly27280indamagesCalifornialawdidnotrequirethedistrictcourttoreducethefeeawarddespitesuchathedisparitytocompensatorydamagesontinuedromaev Volume32013verdictgreensheetsviiAddressingovertimewagerulesforprivatesecurityguards.Mendiolav.CPSSecuritySolutionscaseno.S212704formerlypublishedat217Cal.App.4th851.InthesewageandhourclassactionsbroughtagainstdefendantswhoemployedsecurityguardsforbuildingconstructionsitestheCourtofAppealheldthatguardsareentitledtocompensationfornighttimeoncallhourswhentheshiworkedconsistsofeighthoursonpatrolandeighthourson-callatthepremises.Howevertheemployerispermittedtodeducteighthoursofsleeptimeforguardsworking24-hourshis.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober162013todecidethefollowingissueAretheguardsthatdefendantsprovideforconstructionsitesecurityentitledtocompensationforallnighttimeoncallhoursormaydefendantsdeductsleeptimedependingonthestructureoftheguardsworkshisAddressingcompetenceofexperttestimonytorebutVehicleCodepresumptionofalcoholbloodlevelsandcompetenceofcontrarycircumstancialevidencetosustainndingconsistentwithfactastowhichstatutorypresumptionhadbeenrebutted.Coffeyv.Shiomotocaseno.S213545formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th1288.Plaintiwasarrestedfordrivingundertheinuence.Anhouraershewaspulledovershetookabreathalyzertest.etestresultwas0.08percentblood-alcoholcontentBAC.Afewminuteslatershetookanothertestresultingina0.09percentBAC.Twenty-veminuteslatershetookabloodtestresultingin0.095percentBAC.eDepartmentofMotorVehiclesDMVsuspendedherlicenseaerconductinganAdministrativePerSeAPShearing.etrialcourtdeniedapetitionforawritofmandatechallengingtheDMVruling.OnappealplainticontendstheuncontradictedexperttestimonyattheAPShearingdemonstratedherBACwasrisingthroughoutthethreetestsandthusbelow0.08percentatthetimeshewasdriving.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.reeheld1anexpertstestimonythatthemotoristsBACwasrisingasindicatedbysubsequentvalidchemicaltestswassucienttorebutthethreehourpresumptionofVehicleCodesection213152subdivisionbhowever2non-chemicaltestcircumstantialevidenceinthepresenceofavalidBACchemicaltestconstitutedsubstantialevidencesucienttosustainandingthatthemotoristsBACwasatleast0.08percentatthetimeofdriving.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober302012toaddressthefollowingquestions1Cancircumstantialevidenceotherthantheresultsofchemicaltestsbeusedtoprovethatadriversblood-alcoholcontentatthetimeofdrivingwasthesameasorgreaterthantheresultsofablood-alcoholtesttakenapproximatelyanhouraerdriving2IsthedecisionoftheCourtofAppealconsistentwiththerequirementsofEvidenceCodesection604forproofofaninitiallypresumedfactaerthepresumptionhasbeenrebuttedAddressingscopeofborrowerprotectionsunderanti-deciencylawsandthesecurityrstrule.Cokerv.JPMorganChaseBankN.A.caseno.S213137formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th1.Aborrowerwasunabletomakehermortgagepaymentsandagreedtosellherhousetoathirdpartytoavoidforeclosure.Howeverthesalepricewaslessthantheamounttheborrowerowedonherloan.emortgagelenderagreedtotheshortsalebutasaconditionofapprovalstatedthattheborrowerwouldberesponsibleforanydeciency.eborrowerledacomplaintfordeclaratoryreliefseekingajudicialdeterminationthatCodeofCivilProceduresection580bprohibitsthelenderfromobtainingadeciencyjudgmentaerthesale.emortgagelenderdemurredtothecomplaintandthesuperiorcourtsustainedthedemurrerwithoutleavetoamendndingsection580bappliesonlyaeraforeclosure.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Oneheldthatsection580bappliesaerasaleofpropertyandthereisnorequirementinthestatutethataforeclosuremustoccurtotriggeritsprotections.ereforetheCourtofAppealheldthatsection580bappliedtotheshortsalethatthemortgagelenderapproved.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober30toaddressthefollowingissues1Dotheanti-deciencyprotectionsinCodeofCivilProceduresection580bapplytoaborrowerwhoengagesinashortsaleofrealpropertywhenthelenderapprovedthesaleandreconveyeditsdeedoftrusttofacilitatethesaleontheconditionthattheborrowerremainliableforanyoutstandingbalanceontheloanfollowingthesale2DoesaborrowersrequestthatthecreditorreleaseitssecurityinterestinrealpropertytofacilitateashortsaleresultinawaiveroftheprotectionofthesecurityrstrulesetforthinCodeofCivilProceduresection726Addressingachallengetoacityordinanceplacingconditionsonbuildingpermitsrelatingtounitsforlowincomehousing.CaliforniaBuildingIndustryAssociationv.CityofSanJosecaseno.S212072formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th1373.eCaliforniaBuildingIndustryAssociationCBIAledafacialchallengetoaCityofSanJoseordinancethatrequiresdevelopersofresidentialhousingprojectstoeitherincludeinclusionaryunitsforlow-incomeindividualsorpursueoneoffourenumeratedalternativessuchasdedicatinglandfortheunitsorpayinganin-lieufee.ApplyingSanRemoHotelL.P.v.CityandCountyofSanFrancisco200227Cal.4th643670thetrialcourtdeclaredtheordinanceinvalidbecausethecityhadnotshownthattheordinancewasreasonablyrelatedtoanyimpactscausedbynewresidentialdevelopmentanditgrantedCBIAsrequestforinjunctiverelief.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.reversedandremandedndingSanRemoHotelinapplicabletotheordinanceonthegroundthattheordinanceneededonlytoberationallyrelatedtotheCityspolicepower.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonSeptember112013toaddressthefollowingissueWhatstandardofjudicialreviewappliestoafacialconstitutionalchallengetoinclusionaryhousingordinancesthatrequiresetasidesorin-lieufeesasaconditionofapprovingadevelopmentpermitVoume32013erictgreenseetsviiAddressingovertimewagerulesforprivatesecurtyguars.Mendiolav.CPSSecuritySolutionscaseno.S212704formerlypublishedat217Cal.App.4th851.InthesewageandhourclassactionsbroughtagainstdefendantswhoemployedsecurityguardsforbuildingconstructionsitestheourtofAppealheldthatguardsareentitledtocompensationfornighttimeoncallhourswhentheshiworkedconsistsofeighthoursonpatrolandeighthourson-callatthepremises.Howevertheemployerispermittedtodeducteighthoursofsleeptimeforguardsworking24-hourshis.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober162013todecidethefollowingissueAretheguardsthatdefendantsprovideforconstructionsitesecurityentitledtocompensationforallnighttimeoncallhoursormaydefendantsdeductsleeptimedependingonthestructureoftheguardsworkshisAddressingcompetenceofexperttestimonyorebutVehicleoderesumtionofalcoholbloodlevelsandcometenceofcontrarcircumstancialevidencetosustainndingconsistentwithfactastowhichstatutorresumtonaeenreutte.Coffeyv.Shiomotocaseno.S213545formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th1288.Plaintiwasarrestedfordrivinundertheinuence.Anhouraershewaspulledovershetookabreathalyzertest.etestresultwas0.08percentblood-alcoholcontentBAC.Afewminuteslatershetookanothertestresultinina0.09percentBAC.Twenty-veminuteslatershetookabloodtestresultinin0.095percentBAC.eDepartmentofMotorVehiclesDMVsuspendedherlicenseaerconductinanAdministrativePerSeAPShearin.etrialcourtdeniedapetitionforawritofmandatechallenintheDMVrulin.OnappealplainticontendstheuncontradictedexperttestimonyattheAPShearindemonstratedherBACwasrisinthrouhoutthethreetestsandthusbelow0.08percentatthetimeshewasdrivin.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.reeheld1anexpertstestimonythatthemotoristsBACwasrisingasindicatedbysubsequentvalidchemicaltestswassucienttorebutthethreehourpresumptionofVehicleCodesection213152subdivisionbhowever2non-chemicaltestcircumstantialevidenceinthepresenceofavalidBACchemicaltestconstitutedsubstantialevidencesucienttosustainandingthatthemotoristsBACwasatleast0.08percentatthetimeofdriving.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober302012toaddressthefollowingquestions1Cancircumstantialevidenceotherthantheresultsofchemicaltestsbeusedtoprovethatadriversblood-alcoholcontentatthetimeofdrivingwasthesameasorgreaterthantheresultsofablood-alcoholtesttakenapproximatelyanhouraerdriving2IsthedecisionoftheCourtofAppealconsistentwiththerequirementsofEvidenceCodesection604forproofofaninitiallypresumedfactaerthepresumptionhasbeenrebuttedAddressingscopeoborrowerprotectionsunderanti-deciencylawsandthesecurityrstrule.Cokerv.JPMorganChaseBankN.A.caseno.S213137formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th1.Aborrowerwasunabletomakehermortaepaymentsandareedtosellherhousetoathirdpartytoavoidforeclosure.Howeverthesalepricewaslessthantheamounttheborrowerowedonherloan.emortgagelenderagreedtotheshortsalebutasaconditionofapprovalstatedthattheborrowerwouldberesponsibleforanydeciency.eborrowerledacomplaintfordeclaratoryreliefseekingajudicialdeterminationthatCodeofCivilProceduresection580bprohibitsthelenderfromobtainingadeciencyjudgmentaerthesale.emortgagelenderdemurredtothecomplaintandthesuperiorcourtsustainedthedemurrerwithoutleavetoamendndingsection580bappliesonlyaeraforeclosure.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Oneheldthatsection580bappliesaerasaleofpropertyandthereisnorequirementinthestatutethataforeclosuremustoccurtotrieritsprotections.ereforetheCourtofAppealheldthatsection580bappliedtotheshortsalethatthemortaelenderapproved.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober30toaddressthefollowingissues1Dotheanti-deciencyprotectionsinCodeofCivilProceduresection580bapplytoaborrowerwhoengagesinashortsaleofrealpropertywhenthelenderapprovedthesaleandreconveyeditsdeedoftrusttofacilitatethesaleontheconditionthattheborrowerremainliableforanyoutstandingbalanceontheloanfollowingthesale2DoesaborrowersrequestthatthecreditorreleaseitssecurityinterestinrealpropertytofacilitateashortsaleresultinawaiveroftheprotectionofthesecurityrstrulesetforthinCodeofCivilProceduresection726Addressingachallengetoacityordinanceplacingconditionsonbuildingpermitsrelatingounitsforlowincomehousing.CaliforniaBuildingIndustryAssociationv.CityofSanJosecaseno.S212072formerlypublishedat216Cal.App.4th1373.eCaliforniaBuildinIndustryAssociationCBIAledafacialchallenetoaCityofSanJoseordinancethatrequiresdevelopersofresidentialhousinprojectstoeitherincludeinclusionaryunitsforlow-incomeindividualsorpursueoneoffourenumeratedalternativessuchasdedicatinlandfortheunitsorpayinanin-lieufee.ApplyinSanRemoHotelL.P.v.CityandCountyofSanFrancisco200227Cal.4th643670thetrialcourtdeclaredtheordinanceinvalidbecausethecityhadnotshownthattheordinancewasreasonablyrelatedtoanyimpactscausedbynewresidentialdevelopmentanditrantedCBIAsrequestforinjunctiverelief.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.reversedandremandedndinSanRemoHotelinapplicabletotheordinanceontheroundthattheordinanceneededonlytoberationallyrelatedtotheCityspolicepower.eSupremeCourtrantedreviewonSeptember112013toaddressthefollowinissueWhatstandardofjudicialreviewappliestoafacialconstitutionalchallenetoinclusionaryhousinordinancesthatrequiresetasidesorin-lieufeesasaconditionofapprovinadevelopmentpermit viiiverdictgreensheetsVolume32013Addressingproprietyofcitysapprovalofadevelopmentplaninlightofanallegedlyinconsistentgeneralplan.OrangeCitizensforParksandRecreationv.SuperiorCourtMilanReiIVcaseno.S212800formerlypublishedat217Cal.App.4th1005.PlaintisagroupofCityofOrangecitizenschallengedathecitycouncilsapprovalofadevelopmentprojectthatplaintisarguedwasinconsistentwiththecitysgeneralplananamendmenttothegeneralplanthatwouldhaveallowedtheprojecthadbeenvoteddownbyreferendum.etrialcourthoweverruledthattheCitysgeneralplanwasnotinconsistentwiththedevelopmentsothegeneralplanamendmentwasunnecessary.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.reearmedholdingthattheCitycouldreasonablyndthedevelopmentwasconsistentwiththecitysgeneralplan.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober302013toaddressthefollowingquestionIstheproposeddevelopmentprojectoflowdensityhousingatissueinthiscaseconsistentwiththecitysgeneralplanAddressingagovernmententitysliabilityforanallegeddangerousconditionofpublicpropertyandtheentitysafrmativedefenseofdesignimmunity.Hamptonv.CountyofSanDiegocaseno.S213132formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th286.Whiledrivinghisvehicletheplainticollidedwithanothervehicleatanintersection.HeandhiswifesuedthedriveroftheothervehicleandalsosuedtheCountyofSanDiegoallegingadangerousconditionofpublicproperty.eCountyassertedthattheclaimswerebarredbythearmativedefenseofdesignimmunityandsuccessfullymovedforsummaryjudgment.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.OnearmedholdingthattheCountyestablishedthearmativedefenseofdesignimmunityasamatteroflawandthattheaccumulationoffoliageonanembankmentwhichallegedlylimitedsightdistancewasnotevidenceofadangerouscondition.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober232013toaddressthefollowingissueDoesapublicentityestablishthesecondelementofdesignimmunityunderGovernmentCodesection830.6discretionaryapprovalofdesignplansasamatteroflawbypresentingevidencethatitsdesignplanswereapprovedbyanemployeewiththediscretiontodosoeveniftheplaintipresentsevidencethatthedesignatissueviolatedthepublicentitysownstandardsAddressingscopeofgovernmententitysliabilityforallegeddangerousconditionofpropertywhereharmtoplaintiffwascausedbyactsofathirdpartythatwerenotinturncausedbytheconditionoftheproperty.Curtisv.CountyofLosAngelescaseno.S213275formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th366.AmotoristsuedtheCountyofLosAngelesforinjuriessustainedinavehiclecollisioncausedbyanotherdriverallegingthatthelackofacentermedianspaceorbarrieronthehighwayconstitutedadangerouscondition.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourheld1thelackofamedianspaceorbarrierwasnottheproximatecauseofthecollisionand2theCountywasimmunefromliabilityfornotincludingamedianspaceorbarrierinthedesignofthehighway.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober232013butorderedfurtheractiondeferredpendingdispositionofarelatedquestioninCordovav.CityofLosAngelescaseno.S208130whichpresentsthefollowingissueMayagovernmententitybeheldliableifadangerousconditionofpublicpropertyexistedandcausedtheinjuriesplaintissueredinanaccidentbutdidnotcausethethirdpartyconductthatledtotheaccidentAddressingjurisdictionoverforeignparentcompaniesbasedonactivitiesofsubsidiarieswithcontactsinCalifornia.DaimlerAGv.SuperiorCourtofSacramentoCountyPiersoncaseno.S210847followingsummarydenialofawritpetition.iscaseraisesaquestionaboutjurisdictionoverdefendantandpetitionerDaimlerAGaGermancorporation.DaimlerAGhasanindirectU.S.subsidiaryMercedes-BenzUSAMBUSAwhichisdomiciledinNewJersey.MBUSAperformedservicesforDaimlerAGinCaliforniapursuanttoaDistributorAgreementbetweenthecompanies.DaimlerAGledamotiontoquashserviceofsummonsforlackofpersonaljurisdictiononthegroundthatithadnosignicantcontactswithCalifornia.eSacramentoSuperiorCourtdeniedthemotionimputingMBUSAscontactstoDaimlerAGonatheoryofagencytherepresentativeservicesdoctrine.eCourtofAppealirdDist.summarilydeniedDaimlerAGspetitionforaperemptorywritofmandate.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonJuly312013butpendingdecisionoftheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtinDaimlerChryslerAGv.BaumanNo.11-965cert.grantedApr.222013__U.S.__133S.Ct.1995185L.Ed.2d865whichpresentsissuesconcerningastatecourtsexerciseofpersonaljurisdictionoveraforeigncorporationbasedonservicesperformedintheforumstatebyawholly-ownedsubsidiaryonbehalfoftheforeigncorporation.iiierictgreenseetsVoume32013Addressingproprietyocitysapprovaloaevelopmentplaninlightofanallegedlyinconsistentgeneralplan.OrangeCitizensforParksandRecreationv.SuperiorCourtMilanReiIVcaseno.S212800formerlypublishedat217Cal.App.4th1005.PlaintisagroupofCityofOrangecitizenschallengedathecitycouncilsapprovalofadevelopmentprojectthatplaintisarguedwasinconsistentwiththecitysgeneralplananamendmenttothegeneralplanthatwouldhaveallowedtheprojecthadbeenvoteddownbyreferendum.etrialcourthoweverruledthattheCitysgeneralplanwasnotinconsistentwiththedevelopmentsothegeneralplanamendmentwasunnecessary.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.reearmedholdingthattheCitycouldreasonablyndthedevelopmentwasconsistentwiththecitysgeneralplan.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober302013toaddressthefollowinquestionIstheproposeddevelopmentprojectoflowdensityhousinatissueinthiscaseconsistentwiththecityseneralplanAddressingagovernmententitysliabilityoranallegeddangerousconditionopublicpropertyandtheentitysafrmativedefenseodesignimmunity.Hamptonv.CountyofSanDiegocaseno.S213132formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th286.Whiledrivinghisvehicletheplainticollidedwithanothervehicleatanintersection.HeandhiswifesuedthedriveroftheothervehicleandalsosuedtheCountyofSanDiegoallegingadangerousconditionofpublicproperty.eCountyassertedthattheclaimswerebarredbythearmativedefenseofdesignimmunityandsuccessfullymovedforsummaryjudgment.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.OnearmedholdingthattheCountyestablishedthearmativedefenseofdesignimmunityasamatteroflawandthattheaccumulationoffoliageonanembankmentwhichallegedlylimitedsightdistancewasnotevidenceofadangerouscondition.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtrantedreviewonOctober232013toaddressthefollowinissueDoesapublicentityestablishthesecondelementofdesinimmunityunderGovernmentCodesection830.6discretionaryapprovalofdesinplansasamatteroflawbypresentinevidencethatitsdesinplanswereapprovedbyanemployeewiththediscretiontodosoeveniftheplaintipresentsevidencethatthedesinatissueviolatedthepublicentitysownstandardsAddressingscopeogovernmententitysliabilityforallegeddangerousconditionofpropertywhereharmtoplaintiffwascausedbyactsofathirdpartythatwerenotinturncausedbytheconditionoftheproperty.Curtisv.CountyofLosAngelescaseno.S213275formerlypublishedat218Cal.App.4th366.AmotoristsuedtheCountyofLosAngelesforinjuriessustainedinavehiclecollisioncausedbyanotherdriverallegingthatthelackofacentermedianspaceorbarrieronthehighwayconstitutedadangerouscondition.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourheld1thelackofamedianspaceorbarrierwasnottheproximatecauseofthecollisionand2theCountywasimmunefromliabilityfornotincludingamedianspaceorbarrierinthedesignofthehighway.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonOctober232013butorderedfurtheractiondeferredpendingdispositionofarelatedquestioninCordovav.CityofLosAngelescaseno.S208130whichpresentsthefollowinissueMayaovernmententitybeheldliableifadanerousconditionofpublicpropertyexistedandcausedtheinjuriesplaintissueredinanaccidentbutdidnotcausethethirdpartyconductthatledtotheaccidentAddressingurisdictionoveroreignparentcomaniesbasedonactivitiesosubsidiarieswihninlirni.DaimlerAGv.SuperiorCourtofSacramentoCountyPiersoncaseno.210847followingsummarydenialofawritpetition.iscaseraisesaquestionaboutjurisdictionoverdefendantandpetitionerDaimlerAGaGermancorporation.DaimlerAGhasanindirectU.S.subsidiaryMercedes-BenzUSAMBUSAwhichisdomiciledinNewJersey.MBUSAperformedservicesforDaimlerAGinCaliforniapursuanttoaDistributorAgreementbetweenthecompanies.DaimlerAGledamotiontoquashserviceofsummonsforlackofpersonaljurisdictiononthegroundthatithadnosignicantcontactswithCalifornia.eSacramentoSuperiorCourtdeniedthemotionimputingMBUSAscontactstoDaimlerAGonatheoryofaencytherepresentativeservicesdoctrine.eCourtofAppealirdDist.summarilydeniedDaimlerAGspetitionforaperemptorywritofmandate.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtrantedreviewonJuly312013butpendindecisionoftheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtinDaimlerChryslerAGv.BaumanNo.11-965cert.rantedApr.222013__U.S.__133S.Ct.1995185L.Ed.2d865whichpresentsissuesconcerninastatecourtsexerciseofpersonaljurisdictionoveraforeincorporationbasedonservicesperformedintheforumstatebyawholly-ownedsubsidiaryonbehalfoftheforeincorporation. Volume32013verdict19ASCDChascreatedaLinkedInGroupasaforumwhereourmembersandonlyourmemberscanshareinformationandideas.ASCDCcreatedtheLinkedInGroupbasedontheadageknowledgeispower.Tepurposeofthesiteistoallowourmemberstotradevaluableinformationandideasconcerningdefenselitigation.InordertofostercandiddiscussiontheASCDCLinkedInGroupisaclosedgroupwherebyonlyASCDCmemberscanbeadmittedandparticipateintheforum.LinkedInisthelargestbusinessnetworkingsiteontheinternetwhereproessionalscreatetheirownprolepage.WithintheLinkedInnetworkaproessionalgroupcancreateandmanageaclosedLinkedInGroup.WelaunchedtheASCDCLinkedInGroupaewmonthsagoandalreadyhaveover140memberswithinourGroup.Wehavehadpostsanddiscussionsdrawingonyearsolitigationexperienceamongstourmembers.TewiderangeotopicsincludehowtocombatthelatestReptiletrialtacticsemployedbytheplaintisbarhowtoefcientlyobtainanoutostatecommissionandlayingaproperoundationorsub-rosavideos.OurorumisalsousedtoidentiyandndexpertsandoersadviceregardingHowellv.HamiltonMeatsmedicalbillingissues.OurASCDCLinkedInappellatelawyershavekeptusabreastocutting-edgepublishedcasesandconciselyexplainingthekeyholdingsothecase.TeLinkedInGroupisanespeciallyvaluableresourceoryounglawyerswhocanpostanyinquiryandreceiveimmediateeedbackromexperiencedtriallawyers.SomeothergroupsonLinkedInseemtohavedevolvedintomarketingvenuesorindividualsorcompaniesattemptingtomineandmarketothermembersothegroup.OurASCDCLinkedInGroupisuniquesinceweareclosedanddonotallowanyvendorsoroutsideinterestsintothegroup.Oursoleunctionistoexchangeinormationandideaspertainingtocivillitigationdeense.ojoinourASCDCLinkedInGrouponehastorstjoinLinkedIn.MostoourASCDCmembersalreadyhaveaLinkedInprole.Inotitiseasytosign-inandcreateaprolepage.Simplygotowww.LinkedIn.comandprovideyournameande-mailaddressandcreateapassword.Tesitewillthendirectyoutoinormationboxestocreateyourproessionalprole.Addingaprolephotographisoptionalbutencouragedsinceitaddstotheproessionalimageoonesprole.OnceyouhavecreatedyourownpersonalprolepagethenjoiningourASCDCLinkedInGroupiseasy.OnthetoptoolbaroyourLinkedInpagelocateandclickinterests.OnthepagethatappearsyoucanselectGroupsattheprompttypeinAssociationoSouthernCaliorniaDeenseCounsel.YouwillbeimmediatelydirectedtoourLinkedInGrouppage.Intheupperrighthandcornerlocateandclickthegoldjoinbar.SinceweareaclosedgroupwewillveriymembershipandthenyouwillbeamemberotheASCDCLinkedInGroup.IorwhateverreasonyouhavetroublenavigatingaccesstotheASCDCLinkedInGroupsimplysendane-mailtomeatdoodyhiggslaw.comandwewillsendyouaninstantinvitationtojointheGroup.WehopetoseeyousoonasamemberoourASCDCLinkedInorum.NotetoMembersASCDCisLinkedInPeterDoodyHiggsFletcherMack 20verdictVolume32013WhyisthisbookreviewdierentromallothersFirstyouneedntworryaboutwhethertobuythebookatissueitisreeandavailableontheinternet.Secondtherewillbelittlediscussionaboutthebooksauthorbecausethereisnoauthor.TeworkpresentedhereisTeAppellateLawyerRepresentatiesGuidetoPracticeintheUnitedStatesCourtofAppealsicFortheNinthCircuit.Tis112-pageguidewaspostedontheNinthCircuitswebsitelastmonth.Tewebsite-pagedevotedtotheguideexplainsTeAppellateLawyerRepresentatiesNinthCircuitPracticeGuideprovidesanoutlineotheappellateprocessanddetailedinormationaboutmanycourtprocedures.Whilenotanofcialpublicationtheguidewasdevelopedinconsultationwithcourtstaandisreelyavailableherewww.ca9.uscourts.govAppellatePracticeGuide.TeguidewasdevelopedbytheNinthCircuitsAppellateLawyerRepresentativesagroupohighlyexperiencedandrespectedpractitionersappointedbyNinthCircuitChieJudgeAlexKozinskitoadvisethecourtonproceduralandothermatters.Whileintendedorlawyerstheguidealsowouldlikelybeobenettojournalistsstudentsandeducatorsproselitigantsandothersinterestedintheworkingsothecourt.TustheguidehasnosingleauthorbutliketheKingJamesBibleandtheU.S.Constitutionistheproductoadedicatedandskilledcommittee.Teguidesintroductionnotesthatitisaworkinprogressandwelcomessuggestionsorimprovementbye-mailtoALRPracticeGuideca9.uscourts.go.ALRherereerstoAppellateLawyersRepresentativesnotthemoreusualAmericanLawReportsbutwellleaveanyconusionaboutthattoWestpublishingtoaddress.TeworkinprogressdesignationisbeingtakenseriouslybecausetheversioncurrentlypostedanddatedOctober22alreadycontainseditsmodiyingtheoriginalversionpostedOctober18.AninitialsuggestionromthepeanutgalleryCorrectthetitletoaccuratelynametheNinthCircuitCourtoAppeals.Teguidecontainstwentychaptersessentiallyinanoutlineormatwithshortparagraphsandpracticetipsinterspersedthroughout.ManyothepointheadingstaketheormoaquestionsotheguidestronglyresemblesthehybridospringoaveryexhaustiveFAQpageandanannotatedsetorules.Techaptersintroducethecourthowappealsareprocessedandollowstheappellateliecyclecoveringcivilcriminalimmigrationandhabeasmattersromlinganoticeoappealtopost-NinthCircuitPracticeGuideBenjaminG.ShatzManattPhelpsPhillipscontinuedonpage21 Volume32013verdict21decisionmatters.Telastsevenchaptersconsistolingchecklistsandalistootherresources.Teveryrstpracticetiponpage13inthechapteronlinganappealistoanotherreeguideonthecourtswebsitetheNinthCircuitAppellateJurisdictionOutlinewww.ca9.uscourts.govguidesappellate_jurisdiction.php.Tishighlightstheactthattheguideismeanttobeaquickintroductionreviewandstartingpoint.InnowaywillitspresentincarnationreplaceorevenseriouslychallengetheexistingpracticesguidessuchastheRutterGroupPracticeGuideFederalNinthCircuitCivilAppellatePracticeorUlrichsFederalAppellatePracticeNinthCircuitWest2ded.butitwasnevermeanttodoso.Rathertheguideisjustthataquickguidedtourothegoverningrulesandpractices.LawyersamiliarwiththebasicsoNinthCircuitpracticemaynotlearnmuchbuttheyarenottheintendedaudience.Forlawyersandproperswithlittleornoexperiencetheguidesoutlinepracticetidbitsandchecklistsshouldproveveryhelpulinunderstandinghowtoaccomplishnecessarytasksandclariyingtherelevantruleswhichcanbedifculttoollowwhenreadingavacuum.Tepracticetipspickupsteaminthechapterondraingthebrieandoralargumentbecausetheymovebeyondcross-reerencingotherguidesorreiteratingcommentaryontherulestoprovidesoundadviceorimprovedappellatepractice.Forinstancetipsencouragetheuseoullsentencesinheadingstheuseoanintroductionwhichisntspeciallyaddressedintherulesandsupplyadviceaboutcrainganeectivestatementoacts.Similarlyhelpultipsonoralargumentarealsoincluded.obesurethesetipsareconciseandsomewhatundamental.Butagaintheyshouldproveveryuseultoneophyteappellatepractitioners.Lawyersmayalsonditvaluabletosharetheguidewiththeirparalegalslegalsecretariesorotherlingassistantswhomayderivebenetromboththeproceduralandsubstantivediscussionaswellasthelingchecklists.Finallyyoujustcantbeattheprice.TebarandpublicowecongratulationsandthankstotheALRsordevotingmanyhoursotimeandattentiontocreatingthisnewadditiontothelibraryoNinthCircuitpracticeguides.Nodoubtutureversionswillbecomeevenmoreuseul.BenjaminG.Shatzco-chairstheAppellatePracticeGroupatManattPhelpsPhillipsinLosAngeles.AcertifedappellatespecialistMr.ShatzisapastchairotheStateBarCommitteeonAppellateCourtsandtheL.A.CountyBarsAppellateCourtsCommittee.HeservesonASCDCsamicuscommittee.BookReviewcontinuedfrompage20 22verdictVolume32013 Volume32013verdict23continuedonpage24EveryphysicianvowstoabidebytheHippocraticOath.Inherentintheconceptodonoharmisprovidingthebestcarepossibletoyourpatients.Tephysicianswearstotakemeasurestotreattheillandtoavoidthecorruptionandtemptationoothers.ImnoHippocratesbutImsureprotandoutsideinfuenceperpetratedtheneedorsuchasolemnvow.TisbringsmetomypointtheunderlyingprinciplesotheHippocraticOathconfictwiththeprinciplesoMejiav.CommunityHospitalofSanBernardino199899Cal.App.4th1448whichacttoimposeliabilityonhospitalsonanostensibleagencytheory.TeHippocraticOathrequiresphysicianstotreattheirpatientstothebestotheirabilityandwithfullautonomywhileMejiaimposesliabilityonhospitalsthathavenocontroloveraphysicianscareandtreatment.SowhyshouldhospitalsbeostensiblyliableorthecareandtreatmentprovidedbyphysicianstheydontcontrolItsaactthathospitalsasentitiescantpracticemedicineorexertcontroloverthephysiciansthatchoosetopracticeattheiracilities.BusinessProfessionsCodesection2032.YetMejiarattledthedeenseworld15yearsagobyactingtoimposeliabilityonhospitalsorthenegligentactsotheirindependentcontractorphysiciansviathetheoryoostensibleagency.SincethenMejiahascreatedastrangetrichotomybetweenpatientphysicianandhospitalwhichhospitalsjustcantseemtoshake.Mejiahoweverdoesntimposeabsoluteautomaticliabilityonhospitals.TisarticlewilladdressandclariysomepotentialdeensestoaMejiaargumentatsummaryjudgmentandperhapsbeyond.TeLawoftheLandMejiastandsorthepropositionthathospitalsarepotentiallyliableorthenegligentactsoindependentcontractorphysiciansthroughthetheoryoostensibleagency.Mejia99Cal.App.4th1448CaliorniaCodeofCivilProcedure2300.oproveanostensibleagencyrelationshipplaintimustsatisybothotheollowingelements1conductbythehospitalthatwouldcauseareasonablepersontobelievetherewasanagencyrelationshipand2relianceonthatapparentagencyrelationshipbytheplainti.Ermoianv.DesertHospitaletal.2007152Cal.App.4th475506Mejia99Cal.App.4that1457.Athirdpseudoelementassetorthintheostensibleagencyjuryinstructionsrequiresthattheplaintiwasharmedbecausehereasonablyreliedonhisbelie.JuryCouncilofCaliforniaCivilJuryInstructions2013CACINo.3709.Whenahospitalholdsitseloutasaproviderocareitcreatesapresumptionintheeyesothelawthatthephysiciansinsideareitsagents.Mejia99Cal.App.4that1454.TissatisestherstelementoMejiaandplacestheburdenonthehospitaltodemonstratethatcontrarynoticehasbeensatisactorilyprovided.Ibid.Astothesecondelementcourtstraditionallyrequireddetrimentalreliance.N.TrustCo.v.St.FrancisHospital1998522N.E.2d699704.Howeverthegrowingtrendistorequireonlythatplaintisreliancewasreasonable.Mejia99Cal.App.4that1457.Additionallyaplaintiisnotrequiredtoprove1anactualbeliethattheirphysicianwasemployedbythehospitalor2thatshechangedherpositionorotherwisereliedtoherdetrimentbaseduponherbeliethatthephysicianwasanagentothehospital.Ermoian152Cal.App.4that505.Furtherrelianceispresumedabsentevidencethatplaintikneworshouldhaveknownthatthephysicianwasnotthehospitalsagent.Mejia99Cal.App.4that1454.Astothelastelementharmcanbeeasilyprovenbypointingtoplaintisallegedinjurywhichisthesubjectmatterothelawsuit.InsumCaliornialawassumesthatthephysicianappearstobeanagentothehospitalabsentnoticetothepatienttothecontrary.Mejia99Cal.App.4that1459.EvenmoredisconcertingisthatthegrowingtrendintheUnitedStatesappearstoalignwithMejiacourtsareincreasinglyholdinghospitalsliableorthenegligentactsotheirindependentcontractorphysiciansthroughthetheoryoostensibleagency.SeegenerallyBurlessv.WestVirginiaUniversityHospitalsInc.2004215W.Va.765Parkerv.Freilich2002803A.2d738.InlightoMejiaandthecasesthatolloweditsynthesizedbelowNavigatingDefensestoanOstensibleAgencyTeoryUnderMejiaChristineT.LeCarrollKellyTrotterFranzenMcKenna 24verdictVolume32013aresituationswherehospitalliabilityunderatheoryoostensibleagencyappeareitherhighlylikelylikelyorremote.MostLikelyLiableTerearetwocircumstanceswhereliabilityroutinelyattachestohospitals1inemergenciesand2whenspecicphysicianservicesareprovidedbybehindthesceneshealthcareproessionalstopatientsatthehospital.Inthesetwocircumstancestherelianceelementhasbeentypicallypresumedregardlessonotice.Emergency.Foramultitudeopublicpolicyreasonsincludingthelackobargainingpoweronthepartoapatientwhoneedsemergencyroomservicesnoticeothelackoanagencyrelationshipistypicallyinsufcienttoavoidhospitalliabilityinanemergencyroomsetting.Mejia99Cal.App.4that1454Tunklv.RegentsofUniversityofCalifornia196360Cal.2d92101insistingthatapatientaccepttheprovisionsowaiverinthecontractthehospitalcertainlyexercisesadecisiveadvantageinbargainingandthewould-bepatientisinnopositiontorejecttheproeredagreement..Courtsnotethatthepatientoenarrivesinexcruciatingpainwhichmakesdigestionoboilerplatelanguagenearimpossibletoreadretainorunderstand.Tadlockv.MercyHealthcareSacramentoNo.C0447772004WL1203138at10Cal.Ct.App.June22004.TisimagerywasvividlyillustratedinVanHornv.HornbeakNo.CVF08-1622LJODLB2010WL599885at10E.D.Cal.February182010..Terethepatientcomplainedthatshewasshackledinpainandorcedtosigntheorms.Ibid.Insuchcircumstancescourtsaremoreinclinedtondostensibleagencyexistsbecauseanynoticeotheindependentrelationshipwouldbeminimizedbyothercompetingactorssuchaspainorthelackootheralternativeoptionsattheemergentpointintime.Physiciansservices.Courtstendtoavorostensibleagencyincircumstanceswhereareasonablepersoninplaintispositionwouldbelievethephysicianservicesarepartandparceloservicesprovidedbythehospital.Ermoian152Cal.App.4that505.Duetothenatureotheirspecialtiesradiologistspathologistsanesthesiologistsandthelikehavebeendeemedpartotheservicesprovidedbythehospital.Tereasoninglieswiththeactthatinthosespecialtiesthephysicianrarelycomesacetoacewithherpatients.Ratherthepatientsprimarycarephysicianandorsurgeonwritesorderssubmitsspecimensordeterminestheneedorintubationortheirpatientswhicharethendisseminatedtoapooloavailablephysiciansthatpracticebehindthescenesandwithverylimitedpatientinteraction.Assuchinthesesituationswhereapatientschoiceophysicianislackingcourtsaremorelikelytoholdhospitalsvicariouslyliable.Accordinglytheremainderothisarticleprovidesactorswherebycourtsmayrecognizethedistinctionbetweenphysicianliabilityaloneandhospitalliabilityrelativetoostensibleagency.continuedonpage25Mejiacontinuedfrompage23 Volume32013verdict25continuedonpage26LikelyLiableAcombinationotwoormoreotheollowingwilllikelystrengthenadeenseonaMejiatheoryoliability.ConditionsoAdmissionsForms.AsdiscussedindepthbelowConditionsoAdmissionsFormsarecriticaltoadeenseagainstaMejiaargument.Signaturetimeanddatearecrucialinassessingthereasonablerelianceactor.CompareTadlockv.MercyHealthcareSacramentoC0447772004WL1203138at9Cal.Ct.App.June22004concludingthatthedocumentcouldhavebeensignedbeorehewasadmittedaerhewasadmittedorconcurrentlywithhisadmissionandmereexistenceothedocumentisnotsufcienttoconclusivelyindicatethepatientshouldhaveknownthetreatingphysicianwasnotthehospitalsagentwithDeckerv.LongBeachMemorialMedicalCenterNo.B1892652007WL4346795at2Cal.Ct.App.Dec.132007plaintisignedapre-electivesurgeryconditionoadmissionsormbutavoidedsummaryjudgmentbysubmittingadeclarationstatingshehadnoreasontobelievethedeendantphysicianswerenothospitalemployeesshebelievedtheywereemployeesanddespitehavingsignedtheormwasnevertoldotherwise.Useoaormcanbeparticularlyeectivewithelectiveproceduresorwhichpaperworkcanbeprovidedinadvanceotreatment.Iahospitaldemonstratesitprovidedaormtoapatientbeorethepatientarrivedoraprocedurethatcanbolstertheargumentthatthepatienthadampleopportunitytoconsiderthematerialobtainothersassistanceinunderstandingitandcouldhavebackedoutotheprocedureitheconditionswereunacceptabletothepatient.Billingorservicesseparatelyfomhospital.Deenseattorneysshouldadvisetheirhospitalclientstoavoidbillingservicesonbehalotheirindependentcontractorsphysicians.Jacovesv.UnitedMerchandisingCorp.19929Cal.App.4th88deendantbilledorhisservicesseparatelyromthehospitalbutoundliablebasedonotheractorsStanhopev.LosAngelesCollegeoChiropractic194254Cal.App.2nd141146collegeoundliabledespitetheactdeendantsissuedhisowninvoicesseparateandapartromthecollege.RemoteLikelihoodofLiabilityExistingRelationship.Aphysicianwhohasanestablishedrelationshipwiththeplainti-patientlendssupporttothehospitalsdeenseagainstostensibleagency.SeeAlemuv.Venn-WatsonNo.D0559922005WL2436473at5Cal.Ct.App.October42005.InAlemudeendantphysicianhadbeentreatingpatient-plaintiormorethantwomonthsbeoreplaintiunderwentherscheduledoperation.Ibid.TeCourtreasonedthatthepatientspre-existingrelationshipwithherphysicianbarredthesurgicalcenterromliabilityunderatheoryoostensibleagencybecausethephysicianwasactingasthepatientspersonalphysician.Ibid.WhatDoWeDoAboutItConditionsoAdmissionsForms.Hospitalliabilitycanbemostefcientlyavoidedattheinitialstageothehospital-patientrelationship.DuringthattimemosthospitalsprovideaConditionsoAdmissionsFormFormorpatientstoreviewunderstandandexecute.DeenseattorneyscanhelptheirhospitalclientsbyoeringinputintodraingandadministrationothehospitalsormwhichapprisespatientsotheindependentcontractorrelationshipbetweenphysicianandhospitalContentotheForm.manyhospitalormsarequiteoutdated.TeymaycontainclausesdeclaringthatthePHYSICIANSARENOEMPLOYEESORAGENSOFHEHOSPIALbutthoseparagraphsareoendeepwithinthemanyprovisionsandmultiplepageslaidoutintheirForm.Amoreeectivedisclaimerwouldincludepresentingapatientwithaseparatedocumentthatdescribesonlythenatureothephysicianandhospitalrelationshipintextprintedinalargerthannormalsizeont.Tisavoidsanargumentthatyourhospitalclientinundatedapatientwithtoomuchundierentiatedinormation.Deenseattorneysshouldalsosuggestthathospitalormsrequireinteractivereadingratherthanprovidingaplaceholderorpassiveinitialing.Aplaintipatientislesslikelytodenythathemisunderstoodthenatureothephysiciansrelationshipwiththehospitaliitsclearlymemorializedinhisownhand.ForexamplepatientsmaybeaskedllinthenameothehospitalinaparagraphreadingALLPHYSICIANSDOCORSANDSURGEONSREAINGYOUWHILEYOUAREA______________NAMEOFHOSPIALAREINDEPENDENCONRACORSANDARENOTEMPLOYEESORAGENTSOFTHEMejiacontinuedfrompage24 26verdictVolume32013HOSPITAL.BydraingthisinclearandsimplelanguagetheFormwillassisttominimizeanyambiguityargumentsaplaintimaybringasasword.Languages.PatientdemographicsathospitalsareclearindicatorsowhichlanguagesotherthanEnglishareprimarilyspokenamongahospitalspatients.Tushospitalscouldexaminetheirownpatientbasetomakeormsavailableinlanguagesthataremostunderstoodbytheircustomers.HiredAdmissionsProcessor.HiringanadmissionsprocessorwithgoodcommunicationskillsandinvestinginanironcladtrainingprogramorthisemployeecanbeeectiveagainstapotentialMejiaargument.Aacetoaceexplanationoahospitalsormatthetimeoadmissiontothehospitalconductedbyanadmissionsprocessortrainedorthatpurposecanmakeahugedierenceatsummaryjudgmentortrialandthuscouldprovemostcostefcientontherontendoranyhospital.ForexampleatsummaryjudgmentdeensecounselcouldattachadeclarationromanadmissionsprocessortestiyingtothetimingotheadmissionsprocessthelanguagespokentothepatienttheexplanationgiventothepatientregardingtheFormincludingthenatureothephysicianandhospitalrelationshipandtheirwitnessingothepatientsinitialsoneachparagraphotheForm.Discovery.Forpurposesoamotionorsummaryjudgmentdeensecounselshouldpropoundinterrogatoriesandorrequestsoradmissionsonbothco-deendantphysiciansandpatient-plaintitoaddressaMejiaargument.Tediscoveryshouldseektoinquireintothenatureothephysician-patientrelationshipincludingthelengthophysician-patientrelationshipandthepatientsexperienceswithotherhealthcareproessionals.Likewisedeensecounselshouldconrmviaadmissionordepositionthatplaintihadtheabilitytochoosethedoctormetwithanadmissionsprocessorsignedanadvisoryadmissionsormbeoreelectivesurgeryorotherwiseunderstoodtheindependentcontractorrelationshipbetweenphysicianandhospital.Subpoenas.Inthehappenstancethatpatient-plaintihasanextensiveoperativehistoryissuingasubpoenaorplaintishospitalrecordswhichinvariablyincludeotherhospitalsFormsshouldprovideadditionalammunitiontoaddueltoyourhospitalclientspositionthatpatientkneworshouldhaveknownthatphysiciansareindependentcontractors.CausationArgument.Inadispositivemotionorotherwiseanargumentcanoenbemadethatthepatient-plaintislackoawarenessotheindependentcontractorstatusohisphysicianwasonomoment.Tehospitalmaybeabletopointtotheabsenceoevidencethatthepatient-plaintischoicetoundergoelectivesurgeryorcontinuetreatmentwouldhavebeendierentbutorhisignoranceotheindependentcontractorstatus.CACI3709andMejiarequirereliance.Demonstratingthatevenhadpatient-plaintiknownotheindependentcontractorstatushewouldhaveknowinglyelectedtoproceedwithtreatmentatthehospitalanywaywilleliminatethepossibilityoplaintireliance.Withwellcraeddepositionquestionsdeensecounselcouldeectivelyeliminateonecompulsoryelementoostensibleagency.Contracttheory.InsupportothiscausationargumentreerencecanbemadetotheConditionsoAdmissionsFormacontractbetweenpatientandhospitalwherebypatient-plaintistypicallyconcedethatphysiciansareindependentcontractors.Tatcontractualreerencecreatesapresumptionwhichplaintismustthenovercome.Wherethedocumentspeaksoritselthecourtshouldnotlooktotheintentothepartiesbutrathertheourcornersothecontract.Machadov.SouthernPacifcTransportationCo.1991233Cal.App.3d347352.DeenseattorneysmaydeeataMejiaargumentonthepremisethatnoticetothecontrarywasachievedandtherelianceelementisdeeatedunderacontracttheoryolaw.TeederaldistrictcourtopinioninRomarv.FresnoCommunityHosp.andMedicalCenterMar.232007CIVF03-6668AWISMS2007WL911882atpp.15-16isinstructiveonthispointaormexecutedbyplaintistatingthatphysiciansareindependentcontractorsspecicallyputtheplaintionnoticethatthephysicianscouldnotbeostensibleagentsbutbecausetheormdidnotmentionnursepractitionersanissueoactexistedastowhethertheplaintireasonablyunderstoodsuchhealthcareworkerstobeagentsoremployees.ConclusionHospitalshavebecomeprimetargetsinCaliorniaoractsoverwhichtheyexertzerocontrol.EvenstrangeristheoverallresultbyholdinghospitalsliableonthetheoryoostensibleagencyMejiadidlittletoaccomplishthetwinobjectivesotortlawdeterrenceandcompensation.Ratherhospitalshavebecomedeactoinsurancecarriersortheirindependentcontractorphysicianswhobydenitionarenotactualagentsbutwhoseactsallwithinthectionotheostensibleagencytheory.TetruthisthishospitalsasentitiesinCaliorniacantpracticemedicine.AndtheycertainlycanttaketheHippocraticOath.SowhyshouldhospitalsbeheldliableortheactsoothersthatdoMejiacontinuedfrompage25 Volume32013verdict27continuedonpage28FlashingariendlysmileandwearinghissignaturebowtieRickKraemerbeamsasheipsthroughthepagesooneothescoresophotoalbumsthatlineahallwayinhistop-oormid-WilshireofceneardowntownLosAngeles.TecandidphotoscontainedinthesealbumscapturemorethanthreedecadesowhoswhootheAssociationoSouthernCaliorniaDeenseCounselASCDC.LookingthroughthephotosnooneseemstoshyawayromRickslens.Heeasilyrecallseverylawyersnamethenamesotheirchildrenandthestorybehindthepicture.TroughmypicturesIvebecomeapartomanylawyerslives.Ivebeentotheirpartiesweddingsandunerals.Whensomeoneneedsaphotobeitajudgelawyerorindustryvendortheycallonme.Rickadmitsthathisphotographshaveopeneddoorsorhistrialservicescompany.AsounderandpresidentoExecutivePresentationsaull-servicetrialpresentationcompanymuchoRicksbusinesscomesromthelawyersinhisphotographs.HesaysIbuiltmybusinessonpersonalrelationshipsbeyondtheworkmyrmdoesorlawyers.RickormedExecutivePresentationsin1986.Atthetimehewassellingcomputergraphicssystemsorbusinesspresentations.Whenthecompanyoldedhesawtheopportunitytocreatepresentationboardsoruseinthecourtroom.TeideacaughtonquicklyandtodayExecutivePresentationsusesthelatestcomputertechnologytohelplawyerspresenttheircasesbyproducingconvincinggraphicsvideosanimationsandotherormsodigitalpresentations.Tecompanyemploysaull-timeteamo22includinggraphicdesignersvideographerseditorstrialtechniciansIandadministrativesupportaswellasalawyerwhoreviewstheworkromthelegalside.Overhalothestahasbeenwiththermormorethan10years.SusanCampbellgeneralmanageratExecutivePresentationsstartedasanofceadministratorin1997andhasthistosayaboutherbossImsoproudtoworkwithRick.Asanemployerhesveryairandverygenerousandhesallaboutseeingthepotentialinothersandosteringtheirgrowthanddevelopment.ImaperectexampleothatandthecareeropportunitiesIvebeenprovidedhaverewardedmebothpersonallyandproessionally.Rickoverseestheday-to-dayproductionoanaverageo50casesatanyonetimeincludingbusinesspersonalinjurymedicalmalpracticeentertainmentandlaborrelateddisputesorbothplaintianddeenseattorneys.Overthepast27yearsExecutivePresentationshasworkedonmorethan15000cases.Inthelegalcommunitycasesoenbecomecomplexandtoughtoexplain.WemakethosedifcultconceptseasyorajurytounderstandandremembersaysRickwhichtakesauniquecreativeabilitytodo.ASCDCs2011presidentLindaMillerSavittisamonghisclients.EverybodyknowsIworkbestunderpressureandtendtogetinspiredatthelastminute.IalwaysgotoRickandknowheisabletorespondimmediately.WhileIdontrecommenddoingthingsatthelastminuteRickisavailable247tosupplythesupportwithacan-doattitude.RickhasattendedeveryASCDCAnnualSeminarsince1991theyearRonaldReagandeliveredthekeynoteaddressattheBonaventureHotelandPatLongwasWinningShotsRickKraemersphotographshavewonhimfriendsandhelpedbuildExecutivePresentationsintoahighlyrespectedtrialservicescompanyByCarolA.Sherman 28verdictVolume32013incomingASCDCpresident.Tatwastherstyearmycompanyhadabooth.HehashadabootheveryyearsinceandhasbecomeriendswithPatandthepresidentswhoollowedhim.CurrentASCDCpresidentDeniseaylorreliesonRicknotonlyortrialservicesbutalsoormanyothephotosandvideosorASCDCevents.ForanyBar-relatedeventiaskedRickwillpersonallyattendtophotograph.AttheASCDCHalloFameDinnerthispastyearwedecidedtoorgotheusualvideoothehonoreesandinsteadcreatedgiantposterswithphotomontages.RickandIpersonallywentthroughthousandsophotosinhiscollectiontoselectthosethatwouldcapturethepersonalityothehonoree.Teresultwasantastic.Onapersonalnoteheisagreatpersonandgreatriend.Ricksinectioussmileenjoymentolieandcompassionintimesogrieisremarkable.AlthoughRickhasanM.B.A.hedescribeshimselasaright-braincreativevisualistandcreativeproblemsolverwhoplacesahighvalueonhonestyintegrityandloyalty.RickgrewuparmingintheMidwestandattributeshisvaluestoadisciplinedwell-guidedupbringing.Iaconceptdoesntworkthersttimewedevelopitandmakeitright.Myclientsknowthat.Idontlookorshortcuts.Somegrowingseasonsarelongerthanothers.ASCDCs2007presidentPhilA.BakerhasusedExecutivePresentationsandnotesAnyjurorwillbemorecompelledwithgraphicandvideoevidence.UsingExecutivePresentationsmakesthisseamless.PhilsatherRobertC.BakeralsoanASCDCmembersaysIyouwanttoknowwhatisgoingoninthelegalcommunityaskRickRickexplainsIunderstandhowbothplaintianddeenselawyersthinkandhowjudgesandjuriesprocessinormation.Myrmhasanuncannyabilitytotransormcomplexlegalconceptsintodigestibleandunderstandablevisualpresentations.RegularlyattendingtrialsRickberiendsthelawyersclientsandthecourtsta.Hecanoenbeseenwalkingthehallsothecourthouse.ImpressedbywhattheyseeintrialopposingcounselrequentlyhireExecutivePresentationsortrialservicesonuturecases.RicksaysTevalueoourworkspeaksoritsel.Helikestobeinvolvedincasesearlyon.Teresamethodologythatweuseincommunicating.Iliketoevaluatetheproblemsandworkbackwards.IllaskthelawyerHowisyourcasegoingtoendsowecanstartmovingtowardthatconclusion.RickattributesmuchohissuccesstobeingagoodlistenerandlearningwhatworksrommanyothebestlawyersinCaliornia.AndyHollinsanOrangeCountyASCDCmemberhasbeenusingExecutivePresentationssince1995andhasworkedwithRickonnearlyeverytypeocaseimaginable.HesaysFranklyIwontgototrialwithoutRicksinsightandassistance.HavingRicksteamhelpdevelopsellableissuestoajuryandthenpresentingtheminavisualmannerisaresourcethatispriceless.ManyASCDCmembersarealsomembersotheAmericanBoardorialAdvocatesABOA.TeyhavebeentherecipientsoRicksphotosotheirmutualtravelsacrossthegloberomEuropeAricaandSouthAmericatoAsiaandNewZealand.RickhasservedastheofcialphotographerorABOAsnationaleventssince1999.Rickslong-timecompanionJudyaregistereddietitiankeepshimtandingoodshapeorhisrigorousschedulewhetherathomeorabroad.JudysaysRickalwayshasothersbestinterestsatheartsoIlookaerhis.Heisconstantlyonthego.WhenhesnotsnappingphotosorattheofceRickandJudyenjoyentertainingattheirhomeinHancockPark.AproblemsolveratheartRickisascinatedwithbuildingdesignandhasmeticulouslyreworkedtheir1920shistorichouse.AlsoanadmittedcollectorRickshomeandofcearelledwithartworkandantiques.Telittlereetimehehasleisdevotedtoautoracingshingandspendingtimeoutdoors.Athisrecent40thhighschoolreunionRickrecallshisclassmatestatingYouveremainedthebig-smiledsmartintuitivewise-crackingjokesteryouwereasakid.Youwouldashthatsignaturesmileatthebeginningoawrestlingmatchandthensurpriseyouropponentswithyourercelycompetitivespirit.Notmuchhaschangedexceptthewrestlinghasbeenreplacedbythechallengesothelegalsystem.RickKraemercontinuedfrompage27 Volume32013verdict29continuedonpage30younglawyerssectionRainmakingInaCompetitiveEnvironmentWhataYoungLawyerCanDotoStartBuildingaBookofBusinessByHolidayD.PowellBeingayounglawyercanbechallenging.Youeellikeyoudontknowanythingandinthoseunlikelytimeswhenyoudoknowsomethingittookyouthreetimestoolongtogureitout.Youoendeneagooddaybasedonthenumberohoursyoubilledandthenumberoredlinecommentsyoureceived.AndjustwhenyoustarttogetahandleonallothisyoucometotherealizationthateveryattorneyacesatsomepointintheircareerHowonearthdoyoudoallothisandatthesametimebuildyourownclientbaseTeshortansweristhatwhetheryouknowitornotyouarealreadydoingit.Telongeransweristhatbuildingabookcantakepracticeandtime.Whilenotexhaustivetheollowingtipswillhopeullyhelpyoualongyourway1.DoGoodWork.Terststeptobuildingabookobusinessishoningyourlegalskillsandobtaininggoodresultsoryourpartnerscurrentclients.Asayounglawyeryouhavethebenetobeingabletoocusonlearningthebasicsincludingthegoverninglawinyourpracticeareaaswellaspersuasivelegalwritingandoraladvocacyskillstoconveythelawtoyourtargetedaudience.Toughperhapsobviousdevelopingarmcommandotheseskillswillcauseyourpartnersandtheirclientstogiveyoumoreopportunitieslikehandlingmediationsexpertdepositionstrialsandappeals.Onceyouobtainthisexperienceyourpartnersandortheirclientsmaycomedirectlytoyoutohandlesmallermattersintheuture.Iobtainedmyrstpieceobusinessthisway.Tetruthisthatpartodoinggoodworkisbecominganexpertonyourpracticearea.Youwanttobecomeanauthorityinyourpracticesothatpeoplethinkoyouwhenlookingorsomeonewithyourexpertise.Lookaroundwithinyourofce.IsthereaknowledgegapsomethingthatyoucouldmakeanextraeorttoexploresothatyouaretheguruwithinyourofcewhomothersgotobecausetheyknowyouvedonetheresearchyouollowthespecialtyblogsyouvebeentoseminarsandwrittenarticlesYourowncolleaguesmaybeoneoyourbestsourcesordroppingyournametoaclientwhenanissuewithinyourskillsetcomesup.Whetheritbeexistingclientsorpotentialclientsiyouaretherstpersontheycallwhenanewproblemarisesyouwillalsohavetherstopportunitytoobtainthatwork.2.SocializewithYourPeersDependingonyourpersonalitygettinginvolvedinindustryandbarorganizationscanbekeytodevelopingbusiness.Howeverdontmistakejoininganorganizationorreallybecominginvolvedinone.JoingototheeventsmeettheboardandcommitteememberslearnhowtogetinvolvedandthendoitGettinginvolvedinbarorganizationsisagreatwaytodevelopbusiness.Byattendingandbetteryetspeakingatseminarsand 30verdictVolume32013othereventsyoucanlearnwhatothersaredoinginyoureldandsimultaneouslydevelopyourownlegalskills.Participatinginbarassociationeventsisalsoagreatwaytomeetattorneysromotherregions.Terelationshipsyoubuildwiththeseattorneyscanultimatelyleadtoabilateralreerralnetworkcreatingopportunitiestoworkwithdistantclientsaswellasallowingyoutoprovideyourlocalclientswithstrongreerralsoutsideoyourgeographiclocation.WithregardtoregionalbarassociationsyoumaysaytoyourselwhynetworkwithmycompetitorsTeanswerismultioldFirstandoremostitisagreatvenueormeetingotherlawyersmediatorsandjudgesandbuildingyourreputationinyourgeographicarea.Youmaydevelopgreatskillsasdeensecounselinlaborlawcasesorexamplebutiyoudontshowupwhereothersintheeldgatheryoumaybeoutosightoutomind.Developinggoodrelationshipswiththeplayersinyourareacanmakeyoumoreeectiveincourtandmediationanditcangiveyougreaterinsightabouttheinnerworkingsoyourjurisdictionwhichyoucanmarkettopotentialclientsandreerralsources.TemoreconversationsyouhaveoutsidethestructuredcommunicationsthatoccurwhilehandlingaparticularcasethemoreyouwilllearnaboutbroaderlegaltrendsandtipsthatyoucantlearnromapracticeguideorWestlawsearch.Additionallyitheolksyoumeetpracticeinanotherareatheymayendupsendingyouworkoneday.Dontorgettolookoutsideobarorganizationsaswell.Whileyoucangeneratealotobusinessthroughattorneyreerralsonebenetoindustry-orientedorganizationsisthechancetogettoknowpotentialclientsdirectly.Evenitheyarentinapositiontooeryouworknowtheylikeyouaregoingtocontinuetomoveupintheircareersandwillonedayhaveboththeneedandtheauthoritytohirecounsel.Anotherbenetoindustryorganizationsistheabilitytolearnaboutandstaycurrentwithnewindustrytrendsofenromoutsidethelegalperspective.Teabilitytotalktopotentialclientsaboutsuchtrendsrommultipleviewpointscanveryofenbethedistinguishingactorbetweenyouandotherattorneys.3.ExpressYourselfIyouarelikemeyoumayeelthatyouvelosttheabilitytowriteanythingotherthanalegalbrie.Howeverpublishingarticlesisagreatwaytogainexposureinyourcommunityitisavesseltocommunicateyourlegalacumentoanaudiencebeyondyourpartnersclientsjudgesandopposingcounsel.Tinkaboutthesubjectsthatinterestyouandaspecicangleyouwanttomaster.Tinkalsoaboutwritinginyourownvoicesothatyoucandierentiateyourselromothers.AndpleaseknowthateachissueoVerdicthasasectiondedicatedtoitsYoungLawyersmembersandtheYoungLawyersCommitteeencouragesitsmemberstosubmitarticles4.HelpOthersandinDoingSoHelpYourselfProbonoworkoersaworldoopportunityandulllment.Teobviousbenetsaretheserviceyouaredoingoryourcommunityandthehappinessyoueelromhelpingothersinneed.Howeveritoersotherpracticalbenetsthatmayaectyourbookobusiness.Itgivesyounglawyersthechancetogainpracticalskillsthattheymayotherwisewaityearstoobtainincludingdepositionsandtrials.Asdetailedabovetheseskillsresultingreaterlitigationexperiencethatyounglawyerscantouttopotentialclients.Probonoworkalsooersyouthechancetointeractwithlikemindedattorneyswhichcanalwaysleadtogreatthingsdowntheline.5.BeATeamPlayerFollowinguponthelastpointdespitealltheevidencetothecontrarybeingagoodpersonreallywilltakeyouarinthisproession.Forinstanceyouneverknowwhenyourcolleaguesmightgoinhouseorotherwiseendupinapositiontogiveyoubusinessdowntheroad.TeywillrememberiyouwereastronglawyerbuttheywillalsorememberiyoublamedyourellowYoungLawyerscontinuedfrompage29continuedonpage31 Volume32013verdict31associatesassistantorotherstamembersormistakes.Likewisetheywillnotorgetyourreusaltostaylatetoassistwiththatbigprojectorwhenyoureusedtohelpcoveradepositionwhentheywereinneed.Inotherwordsdontburnbridges.6.DontBeBashfulwithFamilyandFriendsWhileitmaysometimesbewisenottomixbusinessandpleasureneverunderestimatethenumberogreatbusinessopportunitiesyouhavewithyourriendsandamily.Almosteveryonewillneedalawyerintheirlieandwhileyouhopethatthoseoccurrencesarerareoryouramilyandriendsitisneverwrongtohopeorsuggestthattheycometoyouwithaproblem.Eveniyoucanthandleityoucanhelpthemndsomeonewhocan.Whichleadsusto....7.DontSellYourselfShortOddsareyoucanhandlesomethingiyougiveitthetimeandtheeort.Whiletherewillalwaysbecertainareasthatarebeyondyourscopeatthesametimedontpasssomethinguporthesolereasonthatitisnewtoyou.Teworstthingthatcanhappenisyouspendanightresearchingsomethingbeoredecidingthatyouneedtoreertheworkelsewhere.Moreofenthoughyouwillndthatwithalittleeortyouareuptothetask.TereisanoldadagethatthecorrectresponsetoWhattypeolawdoyoupracticeisWhattypeoproblemdoyouhaveWhileIamnotsuggestingyoushouldtryormarketyourseltobeajackoalltradestheulltitleowhichconcludesandmasterononeIdothinkthatgreatrewardscomeromsteppingoutsideoonescomortzone.8.KeepCommitmentsAmentorominewiselypointedouttheollowingmanyreerralsourcesmaynothavetheopportunitytoobserveyourlegalacumenresearchskillsandabilitytoarguepersuasivelyincourt.Teyllnonethelessormimpressionsaboutyourlawyeringprowessromtheinteractionstheydohavewithyouevenonseeminglyinsignicantthings.Soiatabarunctionyoupromisedtodropsomeonealineaboutthatbookyouthoughttheymightlikemakesuretodothatpromptlybecauseareputationasaakecanbeeasilyearnedbuthardtodispel.9.BeYourselfandPlaytoYourStrengths.Peoplehavedierentstrengths.SomepeoplearegreatatworkingabanquetsomearegreatatwritingothersenjoysettingupblogsandLinkedIngroups.Setgoalsorregularoutreachbuttrytomaketheactivitiesonesyouwillenjoy.Iyoudoyouwillbemorerelaxedandlikelytoputyourbestootorward.Likewisebeyourselandhaveadistinctvoice.Agreatwayosettingyourselapartromothersisbyconsistentlydeliveringyourvoice.Figureoutwhatseparatesyouromyourcolleagues.Asideromknowingthelawknowyourpersonalityandtheemotionalbenetsyoucanoerclients.Tiswillhelptodeneyourvalue.Aferallweworkinaserviceindustryandsothemanneroserviceisequallyimportanttotheendproduct.Similartotheoodindustrypeoplewillvisitorthemenubutreturnortheservice.10.Fromasmallseedamightytrunkmaygrow.TemostimportantadviceIoranyoneelsecangiveyouistosimplybepatient.Chancesarethatyouwontbeabletopredictromwhomwhereorwhenyourbestclientrelationshipswillbeormedbutthatdoesntmeantheyarentormingaroundyouallthetime.Youreapwhatyousowsogooutthereandsow.HolidayD.PowellisaseniorassociateatMorrisPolichPurdyLLP.Herpracticefocusesprimarilyonproductsliabilitycatastrophicinjurywrongfuldeathconstructionandrealestatelitigation.HolidayistheChairoftheAssociationofSouthernCaliforniaDefenseCounselsYoungLawyersCommitteeandamemberoftheBoardofDirectors.YoungLawyerscontinuedfrompage30 32verdictVolume32013defenseverdictsaugust-decemberDanielS.BelskyBelskyAssociatesAlvarez.NelsonRaymondL.BlesseyTaylorBlesseyLLPDeRogatis.ShainskyRichardD.CarrollandJohnS.HinmanCarrollKellyTrotterFranzenMcKennaZameni.LoudonandAminianMichaelG.HoganMichaelG.HoganAssociatesPanameno.MoriMargaretH.HolmBonneBridgesMuellerOKeefeNicholsZameni.LoudonandAminianAdger.LosAngelesUnifedSchoolDistrictClarkHudsonNeilDymottNewine.RileyJamesJ.KjarRebackMcAndrewsKjarWArfordStockalperMooreLLPHorn.RandYukK.LawLawBrandmeyerPackerLLPManley.RichmanJerryC.PopovichSelmanBreitmanLLPHernandezcuea.E.F.BradyCompanyInc.Minton.PepBoysBarryReaganandAmandaHappleSlaughterReaganLLPLangworthy.WiltshirePatrickG.RoganRoganLehrmanGutcher.ToyotaDanielR.SullivanSullivanBallogWilliamsEscuderoandMartinez.VirgenPleasesubmityourdefenseverdictstoascdccamgmt.comInMemoriamJohnJ.CollinspastpresidentfriendandcolleagueoftheASCDCpassedawayonDecember262013fromcomplicationsfromcancer.Mr.CollinsservedasPresidentoftheASCDCin1982and1983.Hewillbedeeplymissed. Volume32013verdict33amicuscommitteereportcontinuedonpage34ASCDCsAmicusCommitteecontinuestoworkenergeticallyonbehalfofitsmembership.ASCDCsAmicusCommitteehassubmittedamicuscuriaebriefsinseveralrecentcasesintheCaliforniaSupremeCourtandCaliforniaCourtofAppealandhashelpedsecuresomemajorvictoriesforthedefensebar.RecentAmicusWinsTeAmicusCommitteehasrecentlyparticipatedasamicuscuriaeintheollowingcasesWisev.DLAPiper2013__Cal.App.4th__DonWillenburgGordonReesandMichaelColtonsubmittedasuccessuljointrequestonbehaloASCDCandtheAssociationoDeenseCounseltohavethislegalmalpracticedecisionpublished.Teopinionaddressestherequirementthattheunderlyingjudgmentmustactuallybecollectableinordertoormthebasisoralegalmalpracticeclaim.TeopinionalsohasanextendeddiscussionotherequirementsorexpertwitnessesinlightotherecentCaliorniaSupremeCourtopinioninSargon.Alamov.PracticeManagement2013219Cal.App.4th466J.AlanWareldMcKennaLongAldridgewroteasuccessulrequestorpublicationothisemploymentdecision.TecourtheldthatormerversionsoCACIjuryinstructions243025002505wereerroneousinlightoHarrisv.CityofSantaMonica201356Cal.4th203wereprejudicialandrequiredanewtrial.Schaeferv.Elder2013217Cal.App.4th1EdithMatthaiKyleKvetonandNatalieKouyoumdjianoRobieMatthaiwroteasuccessulrequestordepublicationonbehaloASCDC.InthiscasetheCourtoAppealheldthatpanel-appointeddeensecounselowedadutytotheinsurertotrytodisprovethatinsurancecoverageexistedortheinsuredclient.Winnv.PioneerMedicalGroupInc.2013216Cal.App.4th875HarryChamberlainManattPhelpsPhillipssubmittedanamicusletteronbehaloASCDCinsupportothedeendantspetitionorreviewwhichwasgrantedonAugust142013.Plaintifsclaimsareagainstdeendantphysiciansorelderabusearisingoutothecareprovidedbythedeendantstotheplaintifsdeceasedmotherwhodiedattheageo82.TemajorityopinionauthoredbytheCourtoAppealheldthatelderabuseclaimsarenotlimitedtocustodialsituations.TepracticalefectotheopinionwastoblurthedistinctionbetweentrueelderabusecaseswhicharegovernedbytheElderAbuseActandproessionalnegligenceclaimswhicharegovernedbyMICRA.Meddockv.YoloCounty2013220Cal.App.4th170ASCDCjoinedasuccessulpublicationrequestsubmittedbytheAssociationoDeenseCounsel.TeTirdAppellateDistrictinterpretedthenaturalconditionimmunityoundinGovernmentCodesection831.2andheldthatapublicentityisnotliableoratreeinaparkthatduetonaturalcausesallsontoapublicly-maintainedparkinglot.PendingCasesAtTeCaliforniaSupremeCourtandCourtofAppealASCDCsAmicusCommitteehasalsosubmittedamicuscuriaebriesintheollowingcasespendingattheCaliorniaSupremeCourtorCaliorniaCourtoAppealointeresttoASCDCsmembership1.Sanchezv.ValenciaNo.S199119TiscaseincludestheollowingissueDoestheFederalArbitrationAct9U.S.C.2asinterpretedinATTMobilityLLCv.Concepcion2011563U.S.__131S.Ct.1740preemptstatelawrulesinvalidatingmandatoryarbitrationprovisionsinaconsumercontractasprocedurallyandsubstantivelyunconscionableJ.AlanWareldMcKennaLongAldridgesubmittedanamicusbrieonbehaloASCDC.2.Kesnerv.SuperiorCourtPneumoAbexLLC.Tiscaseinvolvestheissueowhetheraplaintifcanmaintainatakehomeasbestosclaimi.e.claimingthattheplaintifwasexposedtoasbestosthroughaamilymemberbringinghomeasbestosbersonclothing.TeCourtoAppealheldinCampbellv.FordMotorCo.2012206Cal.App.4th15thatnosuchclaimcanbeassertedagainstapremisesdeendantwhoowednodutytoamilymembersothosevisitingthepremises.TetrialcourtinthiscaseollowedCampbellanddismissedtheplaintifsclaims.TeissueisnowpendingbeoreadiferentdistrictotheCourtoAppealinawritproceedingintheKesnercasethecourthasissuedanalternativewritindicatingthatitmaydisagreewithCampbell.ASCDCjoinedtheamicusbriesubmittedbyDonWillenburgGordonReesonbehalotheAssociationoDeenseCounseloNorthernCaliorniaandNevada.HowTeAmicusCommitteeCanHelpYourAppealorWritPetitionAndHowoContactUsHavingthesupportotheAmicusCommitteeisoneothebenetsomembershipinASCDC.TeAmicusCommitteecanassistyourrmandyourclientinseveralways1.Amicuscuriaebriesonthemeritsincasespendinginappellatecourts.2.LettersinsupportopetitionsorrevieworrequestsordepublicationtotheCaliorniaSupremeCourt.3.LettersrequestingpublicationounpublishedCaliorniaCourtoAppealdecisions. 34verdictVolume32013AmicusCommitteeReportcontinuedfrompage33InevaluatingrequestsforamicussupporttheAmicusCommitteeconsidersvariousissuesincludingwhethertheissueathandisofinteresttoASCDCsmembershipasawholeandwouldadvancethegoalsofASCDC.IfyouhaveapendingappellatematterinwhichyoubelieveASCDCshouldparticipateasamicuscuriaepleasefeelfreetocontactanyBoardmemberorthechairsoftheAmicusCommitteewhoareStevenS.FleischmanHorvitzLevy818-995-0800RobertOlsonGreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLP310-859-7811J.AlanWarfeldMcKennaLongAldridge213-243-6105andJoshuaTraverColePedroza626-431-2787YoumayalsocontactmembersoftheAmicusLiaisonSubcommitteewhoareJeremyRosenHorvitzLevyHarryChamberlainManattPhelpsPhillipsReneeKoninsbergBowmanBrookeMichaelColtonMichaelA.ColtonLawyerCounseloratLawDavidPruettCarrollKellyrotterFranzenMcKennaJohnManierNassiriJungLLPSheilaWirkusPendergastGreinesMartinSteinRichlandSusanBrenneckeTompsonColegateChristianNagyCollinsCollinsMuirStewart NAME_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________FIRM__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ADDRESS_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________CITYSTATEZIP________________________________________________________________________________________________________TELEPHONE______________________________________________FAX_______________________________________________________E-MAIL___________________________________________________WEBSITE_________________________________________________BARNUMBER__________________________________________________________________________________________________________MEMBERSHIPintheAssociationofSouthernCaliforniaDefenseCounselisopenbyapplicationandapprovaloftheBoardofDirectorstoallmembersingoodstandingwiththeStateBarofCalifornia.Asubstantialportionofyourpracticemustbedevotedtothedefenseofcivillitigation.AreyounowdevotingasubstantialportionofyourprofessionaltimetothepracticeofthedefenseofcivilandbusinessmattersincludingtheprosecutionofeminentdomainproceedingsYesNoIffull-timeemployeeofanInsuranceCompanyCorporationorPublicEntitygivenameofyouremployerandyourtitleorposition_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________SPONSORINGMEMBER____________________________________________________________________________________________NameFirmPRACTICESPECIALTYAREASECTIONSInordertoprovideyouwithtargetedinformationpleasecheckallthatapplyAppellateBusinessLitigationConstructionLawEmploymentLawInsuranceLawLitigationIntellectualPropertyLandownerLiabilityManagingPartnerMedicalMalpracticePersonalLiabilityProductsLiabilityProfessionalLiabilityPublicEntityTransportationToxicTortsYoungLawyerMEMBERSHIPFEESRegularMember255.00YoungLawyerMemberinpractice3yearsorless185.00Newmembersreceiveacomplimentaryhal-dayeducationseminarcomplimentaryattendanceattheAnnualJudicialandNewMemberReceptioninDecemberduringtheirfrstyearomembership.PAYMENTCheckEnclosedPleaseChargeMyCreditCard______________________________ExpDate__________SecurityCode________Ifpayingbycreditcardpleasefaxto916-924-7323.IfelectedtomembershipIagreetoabidebytheBylawsofthisAssociation.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________SignatureofApplicantDateContributionsorgiftsincludingmembershipduestoASCDCarenottaxdeductibleascharitablecontributions.PursuanttotheFederalReconciliationActof1993associationmembersmaynotdeductasordinaryandnecessarybusinessexpensesthatportionofassociationduesdedicatedtodirectlobbyingactivities.Baseduponthecalculationrequiredbylaw15oftheduespaymentonlyshouldbetreatedasnondeductiblebyASCDCmembers.Checkwithyourtaxadvisorfortaxcreditdeductioninformation.PleasereturnthisformwithyourpaymenttoASSOCIATIONOFSOUTHERNCALIFORNIADEFENSECOUNSEL2520VentureOaksWaySuite150SacramentoCA95833TollFree800.564.6791Phone916.239.4082Fax916.924.7323www.ascdc.orgascdccamgmt.comUpdated111512ApplicationforMembership 36verdictVolume32013DianeMarWiesmannImmediatePastPresidenttheassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounsel2520ventureoakswaysuite150sacramentoca95833800.564.6791www.ascdc.orgexecutivecommitteeN.DeniseTaylorPresidentRobertA.OlsonVicePresidentMichaelSchonbuchVicePresidentGlennT.BargerSecretary-TreasurerboardofdirectorsJamesB.ColeMichaelA.ColtonPeterS.DoodyThomasP.FeherClarkR.HudsonLisaJ.McMainsGaryT.MontgomeryLisaPerrochetLawrenceR.RamseyJohnW.ShawPatrickStockalperJeffreyA.WalkerStephenC.PasarowNinosP.SaroukhanioffJulianneDeMarcoChristopherE.FaenzaDanKramerEdwardR.Leonard theassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounsel2520VentureOaksWaySuite150sacramentoca95833PRE-SORTFIRSTCLASSU.S.POSTAGEPAIDPERMIT1660SacramentoCAFebruary27-282014ASCDC53rdAnnualSeminarMillenniumBiltmoreHotelLosAngelesJune202014GolfTournamentOakQuarryGolfClubRiversideSeptember19-202014EducationSeminarLodgeatTorreyPinesNovember142014LawFirmManagementSeminarJonathanClubLosAngelesDecember112014ConstructionDefectSeminarandOrangeCountyJudicialReceptionOrangeCountyDecember162014JudicialandNewMemberReceptionJonathanClubLosAngelesPleasevisitwww.ascdc.orgforacompletelistofupcomingevents.