Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
Page 13
Page 14
Page 15
Page 16
Page 17
Page 18
Page 19
Page 20
Page 21
Page 22
Page 23
Page 24
Page 25
Page 26
Page 27
Page 28
Page 29
Page 30
Page 31
Page 32
Page 33
Page 34
Page 35
Page 36
Page 37
Page 38
Page 39
Page 40
Page 41
Page 42
Page 43
Page 44
Page 45
Page 46
Page 47
Page 48
Page 49
Page 50
Page 51
Page 52
associationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounselVolume22014 Volume22014verdict1verdicttheassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounsel2520ventureoakswaysuite150sacramentoca95833Networking10Coffee15Settlements31Olson19features10BuildingaNetThatWorksLaurenSolomonMBAAICICIP15WanttoGetaCupofCoffeeHon.DanielBuckley21TheNewNormalPresidentsProleRobertA.OlsonCarolA.Sherman25Duranv.U.S.BankDevelopingaTrialManagementPlanthatHighlightsIndividualDefensesinClassActionsandtheProblemsAssociatedwithStatisticalSamplinginClassCerticationandTrialJenniferWeidinger28EmployeeorIndependentContractorUnderCaliforniaLawInAyalav.AntelopeValleyNewspapersInc.theCaliforniaSupremeCourtReafrmsaLong-StandingTestButLeavesOpenQuestionsUnansweredJamesA.McFaulEsq.andDavidD.CardoneEsq.31ClassicSettlementProblemsCurtisE.A.Karnowdepartments2IndextoAdvertisers3PresidentsMessagebyRobertA.Olson5CapitolCommentbyMichaelD.Belote6NewMembers9WhatWeDobyPatrickA.Long34AroundtheCounties37DefenseSuccesses38AmicusCommitteeReport40ExecutiveCommitteeBoardofDirectors 2verdictVolume22014verdict2520ventureoakswaysuite150sacramentoca95833staffeditorLisaPerrochetexecutivedirectorJenniferBlevinsartdirectorJohnBerkowitzcontributorsMichaelD.BelotePatrickA.LongCarolA.ShermanprintingSig-1PrintingassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounselofficerspresidentRobertA.Olsonpresident-electMichaelSchonbuchvicepresidentGlennT.Bargersecretary-treasurerClarkR.HudsonboardofdirectorsMichaelA.ColtonJulianneDeMarcoPeterS.DoodyChristopherE.FaenzaThomasP.FeherPatrickJ.KearnsDanielK.KramerEdwardR.LeonardDianaP.LytelLisaJ.McMainsGaryT.MontgomeryStephenC.PasarowLisaPerrochetLawrenceR.RamseyNinosP.SaroukhanioffEricSchwettmannPatrickStockalperJeffreyA.WalkerForadvertisinginformationcontacttheASCDCbelowexecutiveoffice2520VentureOaksWaySuite150SacramentoCA95833800-564-6791ascdccamgmt.comwww.ascdc.orgVerdictMagazineispublishedormembersoTheAssociationoSouthernCaliorniaDeenseCounselASCDC.TheopinionsandadviceinVerdictMagazinearethoseothesubmittingauthorsandarenotnecessarilythoseoASCDC.Allrightsarereservedinallcountries.NopartothismagazinemaybereproducedinanyormwithoutwrittenconsentromVerdictMagazine.EditorialproductionandadvertisingofcesatVerdictMagazine2520VentureOaksWaySuite150SacramentoCA95833.Telephone800564-6791.Returnpostagemustaccompanyanyunsolicitedmaterialiitistobereturned.VerdictMagazineassumesnoresponsibilityorsuchmaterials.indextoadvertisersADRServicesInc.30ARCShirleyWatkins13ArrowheadEvaluationServices41BiomechanicalAnalysis35ExecutivePresentations20FieldsADR33FirstMediationCorp.37ForensisGroup4GreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLP36JackDaniels18JudicateWest20KGAInc.39KusarCourtReportersInsideFrontCover19TimothyMcGonigle8ProConsulInc.7RedlandsArbitration33RoughanAssociates14ThonBeckVanniCallahanPowell30 Volume22014verdict3RobertA.OlsonASCDC2014PresidentpresidentsmessagePeoplehaveaskedmeWhatsthepurposeotheASCDCTeanswerissimpleohelpandpromotetheinterestsoitsmemberspracticingcivildeenselawyers.Tatisandshouldbetheobjectoeverythingwedo.HowdoesithelpthedeensebarTatisthequestionwerepeatedlymustanddoask.othatendwehavestartedtheASCDClistserv.Yesthereweresomeinitialbumpsintheroadbutitisworkingwellnow.AlmosteverydayIseemembersseekingtoshareinormation.IhavetakenanunscienticsurveyandIveheardthingslikeIhadaboutadozenveryhelpulresponseswithinacoupleohours.Iyouarenotonthelistservconsideroptingbackin.Telistervworksbecauseoyouourmembers.Itisastheysaycrowdsourceditdependsonothersrespondingoinetotheinquiriesposted.Tankyouorbeingsohelpultoyourcolleagues.Wearestartinganopt-inlistservoremploymentlawandwillstartothersasinterestarises.Oureducationalprogramsalsoseektotargetwhatismostneededromadeenselawyersperspective.othatendwevepresentedprogramsonrecoverableeconomicmedicaldamagesinlightoHowellanditsprogenyandwinningsummaryjudgmentmotions.TeupcomingSeptember19-22seminaratorreyPinesisgoingtoaddresstryingdamagesromadeenseperspectiveandrespondingtoplaintisReptiletactics.Tatiseducationthatdeenselawyersjustarenotgoingtoreceivethroughothereducationalsources.Ithereisanissuethatyouwouldlikeexploredinaseminarpleaseletusknow.Wealsoprovideamicussupportonissuesthatmattertocivildeenselawyers.SomeothoseissuesaremattersosubstantivelawwhatdamagesmeasuremayberecoveredDoesaparticularjuryinstructioncorrectlystatethelaworisitoverlyavorabletotheplaintiOtherissuesgotheessenceoourpracticeasdeenselawyersshouldatrialbecontinuedwhendeensecounselisengagedinanothertrialAredeensecounselsbillsdiscoverablenotwithstandingworkproductandattorney-clientprivilegesImhappytoreportthatwevemadeasmallsteptowardsmorerationalpost-trialprocedures.TebriengdeadlinesornewtrialandJNOVmotionsoryearshavebeeninconsistentcausingconusionandunnecessarymultipledeadlinesandexparteappearances.oremedythesituationtheASCDCproposedlegislationtomakethenewtrialandJNOVdeadlinesthesameaswellastoexplicitlyprovideorrepliesinnewtrialmotions.Teplaintisbarandthejudiciaryagreed.TeASCDC-sponsoredbillhaspassedtheLegislatureandtheGovernorhasnowsignedittobeeectiveJanuary1.Itsasmallstepbutsmallstepsaddupinmakingtheprocessmorerationalandinhelpingdeenselawyersbebetteratwhattheydobesttacklingtheactualandlegalmeritsoclaims.Moregoodnewsalthoughtheydidnotgetasmuchundingastheysoughtordeserveourcourtsreceivedenoughundingtostayafoat.Tisisacriticalissueorthedeensebar.Withoutunctioningcivilcourtroomsthesystemwillseizeup.Wehaveworkedwithotherbarorganizationsinsupportingthecourtsundingrequests.TeactthatthebaracrosstheboardhassupportedcourtundinghasbeencriticalinthehallsotheLegislature.Ithereisoneendandinterestthatthedeensebarhasitiskeepingaunctioningcivilbenchwheremotionscanbeheardandtrialsgoout.Withcontinuingtightbudgettimescomeschangeinthelocalcourts.Wewilltrytokeepyouinormedomanyothemostimportantothosechanges.othatendtakealookattheAroundtheCountieseatureonpage34.Whetherthroughlistservexchangesamicusadvocacyorlegislativeimpactthereisstrengthinnumbers.Temorememberswehavethemoreimpactwecanhavethemoreeducationwecanpresent.Iyouknowadeenselawyerwhoisnotamemberacolleagueaco-counselanin-housecounselayounglawyerorlawstudentinterestedindeenseworkinvitethemtojoinus.Youwillbedoingthemaavorandbystrengtheningyourmembershipdoingyourselaavor.Ithereareadditionalwayswecanpromotethedeensebarpleaseletmeknow.Inothingelsepleasecomeseemeandintroduceyourselatanupcomingevent.TheEndInMindIfyouknowadefenselawyerwhoisnotamemberacolleagueaco-counselanin-housecounselayounglawyerorlawstudentinterestedindefenseworkinvitethemtojoinus. 4verdictVolume22014 Volume22014verdict5MichaelD.BeloteLegislativeAdvocateCaliforniaDefenseCounselcapitolcommentCDCBillSignedbyGovernorOnJuly8GovernorBrownsignedintolawAB1659eectingchangesinthreesectionsotheCodeoCivilProcedure.Tebillwasco-sponsoredbytheCaliorniaDeenseCounselandtheConsumerAttorneysoCaliorniaaspartoongoingdialoguetoidentiyissuesocommonground.TeissuewasrstraisedbyASCDCPresidentBobOlsonwhoalsocraedthelanguageorthebill.AB1659alignsthelingandbriengdeadlinesormotionstovacateandmotionsorjudgmentnotwithstandingtheverdictwithcurrentdeadlinesapplicableormotionsornewtrial.AlongwithCAOCtheCaliorniaDeenseCounselarguedthatcurrentlawcontainsconusingandinconsistentdeadlinesincreasingtheneedorexparteappearances.otheextentthatdeadlinesaremadeconsistentandstreamlinedAB1659incrementallyimprovesjudicialefciencyagoalothecourtsandGovernorBrown.TechangesareeectiveonJanuary12015.TebillwasenteredintotheCaliorniaCodesasChapter93Statuteso2014.ChapternumbersareassignedsequentiallybytheSecretaryoStateasthegovernorsignsbillsmeaningthatAB1659istheninety-thirdbillsignedbyGovernorBrownthisyear.Forreasonsexplainedbelowthereissuretobemuchlawmakingtocome.Underthestateconstitutionthelegislaturemustadjournthe2013-2014two-yearsessionbymidnightAugust31.Aerthatthegovernorisgiven30daystosignorvetoallothebillssenttohim.Inatypicalyearthereare800-900newchaptersaddedtotheCaliorniaCodessoithepastisanyindicationwecanreasonablyexpectanother700-800enactmentsbytheendoSeptember.Furthersince2014isthesecondyearothetwo-yearsessionnobillscancarryoverto2015whenanewlegislatureisswornin.WhyisthisimportantTeansweristhatthelegislaturesnalourweeksosessionprovidetheonlyopportunitytomakenewlawswithoutstartingromscratchwithawholehostonewlegislatorsinJanuary.Augustothesecondyearthenisaparticularlyprovocativetimeorlast-minutechangestobills.Sometimesreerredtoasmushroombillsbecausetheygerminateandsproutinthedarkbillscanbeguttedandamendedtoaddressentirelydierentsubjectsthantheoriginallegislation.Somegroupsbasicallybegintheirlegislativeprogramsattheendosession.Whiletheexistenceandoutcomeomushroombillsobviouslywillnotbeknownuntillatertherearemanybillsrelevanttodeensepracticestillaliveasthesessionroundstoaclose.Particularlynoteworthyarebillsrelatingtoemploymentlawandthoserelatingtoresidentialcareacilities.BillsworthwatchinginthenalweeksothesessionincludetheollowingAB1522GonzalezProvidesormandatorysickleaveorallull-timepart-timeandseasonalemployees.AB1523AtkinsImposesminimumliabilityinsurancecoveragerequirementsorresidentialcareacilities.AB1657GomezProvidesorinterpretersincivilcasesandprioritizesthecasetypestobeprovidedservice.AB2059MuratsuchiAmendsEvidenceCodeSection1158regardingcopyingomedicalrecords.AB2171WieckowskiEstablishesabillorightsopatientsinresidentialcareacilitieswithaprivaterightoactionorviolations.AB2416StoneAuthorizesrecordationowageliensorunprovenallegationsounpaidwages.AB2617WeberLimitswaiversorightsinallegationsoFEHAviolationspotentiallylimitingarbitrationclauses.Tebillsreerencedaboveconstituteonlyahandulothenearly120billsmonitoredbyCDC.Virtuallyeveryareaodeensepracticeisimplicatedbythesebillsincludingmedicalmalpracticeproductspublicentitiesandmuchmore.MoreinormationwillbeavailableaerthegovernorssigningperiodendsonSeptember30. 6verdictVolume22014newmembersmayaugustBarberBauermeisterLindaBauermeisterButzDunnDeSantisAPCDavidD.CardoneCallahanTompsonShermanCaudillLLPLeeA.ShermanSponsoringMemberMichaelSchonbuchCarrollKellyrotterFranzenMcKennaPeabodyNazaninHoushyarSponsoringMemberDavidPruettChapmanGlucksmanDeanRoebBargerCatherineKellySponsoringMemberGlennBargerFordWalkerHaggertyBeharoddBeckerCarmelaBlairNicoleK.BrooksNicoleCarrollCarolineV.CheungFrankChirinoJohnB.FraherStephenFreschSeanGandhiAdamC.HackettNataliaHaleKatherineHarwoodDanielC.HeatonEleanorHsuKisaL.KirkpatrickMelissaM.LeosDenishMandaliainaI.MangarpanMaryB.PendletonMikouyaSarqizianMargaretK.SheltonVictoriaSilcoxDeborahaddeucciMaryK.almachofSponsoringMemberWilliamWoodlandFriedenthalHefernanKleinKevinHefernanSponsoringMemberWilliamWoodlandGordonReesPhillipMaltinSponsoringMemberRobertOlsonHinshawCulbertsonLLPJohnW.ShellerHortonOberrechtKirkpatrickMarthaKimberlyOberrechtHorvitzLevyLisaFreemanMarkA.KresselJohnQuerioSponsoringMemberLisaPerrochetJacksonLewisMindyNovickKesselandAssociatesScottBoyerKnappPetersenClarkeMichaelKem-TomasSponsoringMemberStephenPasarowLewisBrisboisBisgaardSmithLLPKennethC.FeldmanJohnLowenthalJefreyRanenLittlerMendelsonPCMichelleRapoportSponsoringMemberLindaMillerSavittLoyolaLawSchoolRockyGadeSponsoringMemberN.DeniseTaylorMarangaMorgensternFrankOzelloMorganLewisBockiusLLPRobertJ.HendricksMurchisonCummingHeatherL.MillsSponsoringMemberStevenFleischmanNemecekColeMarkSchaeferSponsoringMemberStevenFleischmanOgletreeDeakinsNashSmoakStewartCarolynSievePettitKohnIngrassiaLutzBronDAngeloSponsoringMemberKellyDouglasRobieMatthaiJohnFitzgibbonsSponsoringMemberEdithMatthaiRyanDatomiLLPDawnCushmanAllisonolinsSponsoringMemberRichardRyanSantaClaraUniversityMatthewGoodmanSponsoringMemberDeborahSiriasSheppardMullinRichterHamptonJasonKearnaghanSponsoringMemberLindaMillerSavittaylorBlesseyLLPKatherineP.LeeBrianReynoldsSponsoringMemberN.DeniseTaylorWalsworthFranklinBevinsMcCallSoniyaKhemlan Volume22014verdict7 8verdictVolume22014 Volume22014verdict9PatrickA.LongwhatwedoAsyoumayrecallIoenconductinormalsurveysoourmembershiptodeterminewhatbookswereadmusicwelistentoourhobbiesandallthethingswedoawayromourpracticeolaw.Tatisprimarilywhatthiscolumnisabout.Tosesurveysaremostassuredlyunscienticconsistingmostlyophonecallsconversationsatthecourthouseandmeetingsatmediations.ButourleadershipatASCDChasaddedanewtoolormeoralloustogathernewinormationhelpultoourpractices.Itsourlistservandboydoesitwork.Forthosewhooptintousingthelistservwereceiveperiodicrequestsromcolleagueslookingorinormationonexpertsjudgesplaintiscounselandanythingelsehavingtodowithourpractices.Asarecipientotheserequestswecanignorethemorrespondiwehavepossiblyhelpulinormation.Tislistservthingreallyworks.AweekorsoagoIsentoutalistservrequestaskingorourmembersthoughtsastowhethertheyhadbeentreatedairlyandaccuratelybymembersothemedia.WowzerIreceivedmorethanthirtyresponsesmostwithinaewhoursosendingmyrequest.Teresponsescameromatruecross-sectionoourmembershipincludingseveralpastpresidents.opromotecandidresponsesIpromisedthatIwouldnotusenamesorotheridentiyinginormation.odetaileverycommentandopinionrommyrespondentswouldllthisentiremagazinesoletmeseeiIcansummarizethevariousschoolsothoughtonourrelationshipwiththemedia.Itwouldbeaccuratetosaythatourrelationshipisormanyproblematic.Sometimesthemediaaccuratelyquotesusanddoesntdeleteportionsowhatwesayandusesthequotesincontextbutperhapsmoreoenthannottheymakemistakesintentionalornot.Ourcolleaguesremindedmethatgoodnewsormostreportersisnotnews.Badstuoutrageousactivityhugeplaintiverdictscorporateembarrassmentsthatsnews.Letstakealookattheprimaryobservationsourcolleaguesvoiced.Commonlyolkscomplainedthatunlessthepartiestoacaseareinthenewseverydayorotherreasonsdeenseverdictsrarelyresultinastorybutaplaintisverdictinvolvingaknowncompanywillalmostalwaysinspiremediacoverage.Perhapsthemostcommoncomplaintwasthatourmemberswererarelymisquotedinthesenseoaninaccuraterepresentationowhattheysaidbutratherthatonlycertainportionsotheircommentswereusedwhichselectivequotingresultedinamisrepresentationowhattheyweretryingtosay.ForexampleIsaytoareporterTisisgoingtobeaverydifcultcase.Howeveritisclearthatmyclientsproductwasinnowayresponsibleortheplaintisaccident.Terewillbeverywell-knownexpertstestiyingonbothsides.Ibelieveourswillbemorepersuasivetothejury.HereswhatthereporterprintsTisisgoingtobeaverydifcultcase.Terewillbeverywell-knownexpertstestiyingonbothsides.Whilethisisasomewhatsillyexampleoinaccuraterepresentationsittrulyisnotarromspecicexamplesgivenmebyourcolleagues.Perhapswhatmightserveyoubestistosetorthourcolleaguessuggestionsorthoughtstokeepinmindwhendealingwiththepress.Firstandoremostitheresanypossibilitythatyouwillbecontactedbythepressdiscussaheadotimewiththeclientandobtainpermissiontospeakotherwiseanocommentistheonlythingyoucansay.rytoollowtherulesyougiveyourclientswhenpreparingthemordepositionsi.e.dontexaggeratedontansweraquestionyoudontunderstanditsokaytosayIdontknow.Youmayalsowanttospeakotherecord.Makesureyouandthereporterareonthesamepageastowhatotherecordmeans.Unlessthereporterwenttolawschoolheorshemaynothaveacorrectunderstandingothelegalprinciplesunderdiscussion.Itwouldbeairtostatethatourcolleagueswhorespondedtomyinquirywereothegeneralopinionthatthepressaccuratelyreportedtheircommentssomewherebetween50and70othetimewhichmeansocoursethatourcolleagueseltmisquotedsomewherebetween30and50othetime.Letmeconcludewithsomegoodnews.Helpisontheway.LoyolaLawSchoolsponsorstheJournalistLawSchool.EverysummerjournalistsromacrossthecountryromprintVmagazinesandnewspapersconveneatthelawschooloranintensiveprogramdesignedtomakethesestudentsbetterreportersonlegalmatters.WehopetoprovideanarticleaboutLoyolasJournalistLawSchoolinthenextissueoVerdict.Dontquotemeonthat.PatrickA.Longpalongldlawyers.comStopthePressesLetsGetItRight BuildingNetThtWorks10verdictVolume2201410verdictVolume22014 Volume22014verdict11continuedonpage12Astimemovedonyoumadenewandimportantconnections.Yournetworkevolvedandgrew.Tesepeopleultimatelyhaveimpactedyourlieinwaysyouwouldhardlyimagine.Mr.Nakashmadeaphonecallandsuddenlyyourcollegeapplicationappearedonthetopothepile.Ms.ChennintroducedyoutoMr.Rajaandyouwereinvitedtointervieworthesummerinternshipoyourdreams.Teseolksmightnothaveappearedatyouramilyholidaymealshowevertheymightbecountedamongyourop12MVCsMostValuableConnectionstoday.Letsexplorethisconceptalittleurther...WhoIsSittingatYourableWhohasearnedtherighttooneofthecoveted12MVCseatsaroundyourtabletodayLetssee....ToyourrightisBritt.YoumetBrittataconferencefouryearsago.NotASCDCsponsored.Youbondedoverthetotalwasteoftimeandmoneyspenttobethere.Neverthelessyoubecamebestoffriendsnyonewhotellsyouthattheyreachedtheirgreatestlevelosuccessaloneislying.Fromourearliestdayswearebornwithanetworkothosewhobyassociationwanttoseeussucceedandarewillingtojumponboardtohelpmakethathappen.InitiallyUncleJoealwaysgotthebestdealsonanewbicycle.AuntieRosaknewjustwhattogetMomorherbirthdayandwheretofnditwithinyourbudget.YourneighborSamwasabaseballcoachandmadesureyourpitchwasuptoparorseasontry-outs.Tesewerethepeoplewhosharedyourearlyyearsandusuallyyourholidaymealtablesaswell.ByLaurenSolomonMBAAICICIP 12verdictVolume22014andshehasyourbackyourfrontandallyoursides.NexttoBrittisMicahherhusband.MicahisalegalmarketingexpertwhoreceivedarequesttowriteanarticleforVerdictmagazineandpasseditalongtoyou.WhatakindgestureandasuperopportunityfromafriendMicahischattingwithLorenzoyourocematefromtwoyearsofundergradsummerinternships.Lorenzonowworksatarmacrosstownandhasbecomeyourgo-topersonforallthingssocial.Hejustknowshowtogetyououtofyourheadandyouroce.EveryoneneedsaLorenzoatleastone.NexttoLorenzoisEthanyourhairstylist.BrittintroducedyoutoEthan.Ethanisbetterthanabartender.Helistenstoyouandrefersacontinuousstringofwell-qualiedclientsforthermandyou.Healsohappenstostylethehairofmostofthefolksaroundthetable.Youvebecomeaterricreferralsourceforhimaswell.EthanissittingnexttoYasminwhomyoumetatanASCDCmixerayearago.Sheinvitedyoutobeontheprogramcommitteeandwiselyyouagreed.TatswhereyoumetPhilipeYasminshusband.Philipeisajudgeinaneighboringdistrictandhasbecomethebestkindoriendonewhogenuinelylikesyouandiswillingtomakekeyintroductionsovertime.ContinuingaroundthetableareNicolasCaelanandEmmawhomyoumetinaLinkedInchatroom.Whenyoumetace-to-aceattheMCLEseminaryouknewtheylookedamiliaryoujustwerentsureromwhere...untilyouallgureditout.AndtheyarealsoASCDCmembers.Teytotallygetyouandseemtoknowexactlywhentopingyouwithaquestionoraneventyouneedtoattend.Wrappingupthisesteemedgroupo12areJeremiahHitomiandAvawhoreadaseriesoarticlesyoupublishedonlinethroughASCDCandreachedouttoyouonmultipleoccasionsoropinions.Teyhavenowbecomeyourposseyourpeopleyourtribe.IinterviewedDianeMarWeismannPastPresidentASCDC2012PartnerOwneratTompsonandColegateinRiversideCAtourtherunderstandthetruevalueandrealbenetoalongtimeASCDCmemberandassomeonewhostaysconnected...oralltherightreasons.HereswhatshehadtosayQHowhasyouraliationinASCDCinuencedyourproessionalopportunitiesIsthereoneoccasionthatstandsoutoryouIwouldwritearticlesandmyPresidentsmessageorVerdictmagazineandwonderipeopleactuallyreadthem.TenIwouldstartreceivingeedbackandcommentsromappellatecourtjusticesromalloverpeopleIdidnotknow.OnedayajudgeromRiversideSuperiorCourtstoppedmetotellmethathehadreadmyPresidentsmessageandlikedit.Itgavemeexposurebothstatewideandathigherlevelsarbeyondthereachomylocalpractice.ToseconnectionshaveresultedinsituationswherebysomeoneIneededtoknowalreadyknewmyname.Itopenedadoorthatwouldotherwisehavebeenclosedtome.Ithasalwayshelpedmetogetthingsdonejustalittlebiteasierthanbeinganunknownentity.QHowdoyouseeparticipationinASCDCeventsasefectivewaystoconnectwithpeopleyouneedtoknowIbelieveactiveinvolvementmeansgettingbusysteppinguptoassistinputtingontheeventsmediatingleading.Tatswheremembershipcancreateopportunitiesoreachoustodosomethingwewouldntotherwisehavetheopportunitytodo.Italsoprovidesasaeplacetolearnanewskillortestanewapproach.Involvementcangiveyouaspotlightorashowcaseamongyourellowmembersrookieandveteranalike.Wecaneachofertopresentaprogramandgetrecognizedasanauthorityonanytopicwithinourowncommunity.Tetruthisthatthiscommunityisalegitimateethicalvehicletosel-promoteshowupstandoutbenoticedandrewarded.Idontknowmanyplacesthatoferthesamegiventhenatureoourproession.QWhatonekeypieceowisdomwouldyouofertonewmembersregardinggettingthemostvalueromtheirmembershipUsetheopportunitiesprovidedthroughASCDCtolearninasaeenvironmenttomeetothersolike-mindandsharedinterestsletyourvoicebeheardinSacramentoandbecomemoreoyoursel.Usethebenetsomembershiptoyouradvantage.Tatswhytheyexist.Networkingcontinuedfrompage11continuedonpage13 Volume22014verdict13Networkingcontinuedfrompage12IntalkingwithDanKramerASCDCYoungLawyersCommitteeChairandapartneratKramerHolcombSheikkhslaw.comherecountedhisinitialconnectionwithASCDC.AnervousfrstyearassociateDanwassentalonetonetworkatanLACityBAReventonbehalohisthenfrm.HewasseatedatthetablewithASCDCboardmembersevenmoreintimidating.ItwashisgoodortunetositnexttoLindaMillerSavittapartneratBallardRosenbergGolperSavittthenASCDCPresident2011.Teytalkedaboutlienotlawandaconnectionwassparked.WeekslaterwiselyLindatappedDantochairacommitteeoryounglawyersagrouporwhichhehadapassionandrepresentedwell.Danwashookedinagoodway.SincethatdaytheASCDChascreatednumerousopportunitiesornewattorneystoconnectinormallyandormallywithmoreseniorcounselwheremeetinggreetingandlearningromeachotherhappensinasaespace.ByosteringinitiativesthatocusonmentorshipaccessandopportunitiestoconnecttheASCDChasdevelopedintoabiggrouporiendswholearnromeachother.Bysharingstoriesexperiencesandexpertiseeveryonewins...becomesbetter...andraisesthebarsotospeaktogether.ForDanoneeventandonemeaningulconnectionhavechangedhislieandthelivesomany.Lookingoutatthiscurrentableo12youbetDancanseemanyASCDCpals.Hemayneedmorethan12seatstoaccommodateeveryoneItissaidthatyournetworkisyourmostvaluableassetinbusinessandinlie.AroundthistablesitthecoreoyournetworkyourMVCs.TesepeopleshareonecriticalthingincommonYOU.LetslookatwhatyouredoingtoattractanddevelopyourMVCcommunity....1.Makealistoyourableo12.Whoarethey2.Wheredidyoumeet3.Whatqualifesthemtobeatyourtable4.WhatareyoudoingtoaddvaluetothemByjoininginshowingupandstandingoutyouarenotonlyhelpingyourselfyouaredierentiatingyourselffromthosearoundyou.Youhavebuiltanetthattrulyworks.Tistableof12isthecoreofacirclethatwillcontinuetogrowandprovideyouwithfriendshipsupportcounselcollaborationresourcesandmore.Connectingthroughyourprofessionalorganizationprovidesfarmorethanthetangiblecostofmembershipcaneverrepresent.Tebenetsyoureceiveovertimealwaysoutweighwhatyougive.Itisthelaw.LaurenSolomonMBAAICICIPisthetrustedimageadvisortoCEOscorporationsandindividualsworldwide.SheistheormerVicePresidentoProessionalImageDevelopmentatChaseManhattanBankcreatorotheproessionalskillsworkshopTeBrandCalledMeatNYUsSternSchooloBusinessPastPresidentotheAssociationoImageConsultantsInternationalAICIauthoroImageMattersandco-authoro1BestSellerTeLawofBusinessAttractionandExecutiveImagePower.Herclientscrosseverycontinentandindustry.FormoreinormationyoucanconnectwithLaurenatwww.LaurenSolomon.com. 14verdictVolume22014LIFECAREPLANSIComprehensiveTrialIMiniMediationSettlementConferenceICritiqueEXPERTTESTIMONYITrialIArbitrationIMediationSettlementConferenceVIDEOSERVICEIDayinLifeIMediationSettlementDocumentaryMEDICALRECORDSIReviewIChronologyIMEIAttendanceIReportCritique114WestColoradoBlvd.MonroviaCA91016626.303.6333Ext.16or17www.linc.bizJanRoughanRNLIFECAREPLANNING Volume22014verdict15OverthelastyearwhenIspeaktoattorneygroupsIcommentthatiIcouldenactonlyoneruletodealwiththechallengesacedbythecivilcourtsitwouldbeaverysimpleoneAllattorneysmusthaveacupocoeewiththeiradversariesattheoutsetothecase.Ocourseitheattorneyswanttowaituntiltheappropriatetimethedrinkochoicecouldbeabeerorglassowine.Tisisnotaormalmeetinginwhichtheattorneysexchangeevaluationsothelawsuit.InsteadtheattorneysmusttalkaboutsomepersonalstumutualriendsromlawschooltheschoolswheretheirchildrengotheClippersorKingsavoritegymetcetc.WhyWeneedtobreakopenthelinesocommunicationbetweenattorneysinacivillawsuitandinsistthatcommunicationstartatthebeginningothecase.Attorneysneedtodevelopapersonalrelationshipwitheachotherapersonalrelationshipwhichmakesitmuchmoredifculttosaynoorignoretheotherattorneyorsendanastye-mail.Iwearesuccessulwiththisruleweneedtoadvanceacriticalancillaryruletwoattorneyscannotcommunicatebye-mailonanyissuewhichmayrequireameetandconerconerence.Insteadtheymustmeetace-to-aceoronlyuponashowingogoodcausetheytalkbytelephone.Tisrulewouldputanendtoattorneyscloakingthemselvesintheimpersonalmeansoane-mailwhichalltooeasilyleadstostridentandinexiblepositionsandpersonalattacks.Itwouldalsoputanendtorequiringjudgestoreadthroughpagesoe-mailsthatrarelycastanattorneyinagoodlightandoenseemsophomoricandgratuitous.WhatdoweaccomplishbyenactingtheserequirementsAttorneysactuallyknoweachotherandasaresulttreateachotherinaproessionalmannerandwithrespect.Ideallyattorneyswouldnaturallystopinthehallwaysothecourthousetotalkaboutsomethingotherthantheircurrentlawsuit.Tekick-ocupocoeewouldresultinormingaoundationorarelationshipandbondingbeorethepressuresothelawsuitkickin.Asaresultitwouldbecomemuchmoredifculttosnubtheotherattorney.Inadditiontheattorneyswouldndittoughertoplayhardballduringthelawsuittosaynotoanothermonthtorespondtotheinterrogatoriestoignoretelephonemessages.Tiscloserrelationshipwouldleadtotheattorneysbeingbetterabletodiscusssettlementandresolvecasesbecausetheyhaveagreatertrustintheiradversary.Contrarytotheoldadageamiliaritydoesnotbreedcontempt.Ratherincivillawsuitsamiliarityacilitatesopencommunicationandcooperation.Weconstantlyreadarticleswhichbemoantheactthattoomanyinourlegislativebranchnolongerreachacrosspartylinestocommunicatemanyopinethislackocommunicationhasledtoaninabilitytocompromise.Weinthejudicialbranchmustworkhardtoavoidsuccumbingtoabeliethatitisantitheticaltocompromise.Wemustreachacrosscaselinessotheplaintisattorneytalkswiththedeenseattorneyandviceversa.Civilityisahottopicormanybarorganizationswhichworkhardatpointingouttheneedorcivility.CAALAisoneoanumberoorganizationswhichemphasizescivilityatalleventsandinallpublications.Unortunatelyciviljudgeswilltellyouthattheydonoteelthatthemessageandlessonsocivilityarealwaysndingtheirwayintothecourtroom.Judgescontinuetoseetoomanyexamplesodisrespectandlackocooperationwhichareinvariablytheresultoalackomeaningulandproductivecommunication.ForexampleAttorneysleartoomanymotionstocompelandotherdiscoverymotionswhereitisobviousthattheattorneysarenotcommunicatingwitheachotherandthemeetandconerprocessisreectedinanexchangeolengthylettersore-mailswhichbecomeprogressivelyvitriolic.Attorneysareindierenttoopposingcounselspersonalissuese.g.sickspouseexpertunexpectedlyengagedinanothertrial.ApartylesanamendedcomplaintthedaybeorethehearingonademurrerorWanttoGetaCupoCofeeCivilityrequirescommunicationByHon.DanielJ.BuckleySuperiorCourtofLosAngelesCountycontinuedonpage16 16verdictVolume22014withdrawsthemotionthemorningothehearingafertheresearchattorneyandjudgehavespenthoursoworkonthematter.Anattorneynoticesanexpartehearingbutdoesnotappearorthehearingwithoutanyattempttotellopposingcounsel.woattorneyssnipesometimesyellateachotherduringoralargumentmakingitevidentthatwhentheyappearedorthehearingtheyclearlydidnotknoweachother.Indiscussingthecauseotheoverabundanceodemurrersitisoenthecasethatplaintisattorneyspointtheproverbialngeratdeensecounsel.Yeswehavetoomanydemurrerswhicharetheresultoanautomaticresponsebydeensecounseltoleademurrerwithregardtocertaincausesoactionorallegationsandtherulingismostoentosustainthedemurrerwithleavetoamendortooverruleentirely.Itisalsotruethatoenthedemurreristheresultoover-reachingbytheplaintisattorney13causesoactionarenotoenappropriateineverylawsuitandpunitivedamagesarenotwarrantedinallcases.Ilawyershadstartedthelawsuitbysittingdowntoenjoyalibationotheirchoosingitollowsthatwithopenlinesocommunicationbothsidescanworktowardacompromisewhichmayalloworaneasywaytoamendlaterinthecaseorrecognitionthatthedisputecannotberesolvedwiththedemurrerandamotionorsummaryjudgmentoratrialisnecessary.Telessonisthatachievingtheseagreementsandefcienciescannotoccurwithoutmeaningulcommunication.Apracticethatisnotuncommoninthemedicalmalpracticearenaisaplaintinamingadeendantinamedicalmalpracticelawsuitandwhenthedeendantlesamotionorsummaryjudgmentnotonlydoestheplaintinotopposethemotionbuthedoesnotgiveadvancenoticeothenon-oppositiontoopposingcounselorthecourt.TisailuretocommunicatecausesavaluableslotoracomplicatedmotioninthePersonalInjuryhubcourtsComputerReservationSystemtobetakenwhichcouldhavegonetoanotherdisputedmotion.Asaresultthatotherhearingmustbeheardlateragaintheresultonocommunication.Attorneysdidnotgotolawschoolandjudgesdenitelydidnotseektobecomejudgestodealwithdisputescreatedorexacerbatedbypersonaldierencesorailurestocommunicate.Judgesshouldbedealingwithacomplicatedanti-SLAPPmotionoranovellegalissueonamotionorsummaryjudgmentnotwhether117othe155interrogatoriesarevaguewhetherthejudgeneedstoruleonthesameeightobjectionstoeachandeverystatementoundisputedactall143othemorhowtodecidewhichattorneyistellingthetruthwhenbothinsisttheycalledbuttheotherattorneydidnotreturnthecall.Teseexamplesaretruethenameshavebeenwithheldtoprotecttheguilty.TesubstanceothedisputeandtoomanytimesthedialoguebetweentheattorneysmakesthejudgeeellikesheisonacartripwithherchildrenandlisteningtothemcomplainheislookingatmeTemajorityoattorneysareextremelyproessionaltrustworthyandreliable.ButthereasonthatthisarticleisnecessaryisbecausethenumberoattorneyswhoreusetocommunicatewiththeothersideanddisplayaundamentaldisrespectorothersincludingtheCourtistoohigh.Wedonothavethetimetodevotetotheirsquabbles.Tinkbacktoacasethatyouenjoyedlitigatingandthatcausedyoulittletonounneededstress.Itwasmostlikelybecauseyouhadagoodrelationshipwithopposingcounselthatwasdenedbyopencommunication.Tereisnodoubtthatapositiveresultoopencommunicationandcooperationamongattorneysisthateveryonewillexperiencelessstress.Anotherpositiveresultshouldbeobvious.Weareinthemidstoanunprecedentednancialattackonthecourtsresultinginaseverereductionostaandcourtrooms.Tisinturnhasledtosimilarlyunprecedentedcourtcongestion.InallthecivilcourtsIndependentCalendarPersonalInjuryLimitedCivilJurisdictionUnlawulDetainerandCollectionsweacedelaysomonthsorhearingsonalltypesomotions.Asimplesolutionistosignicantlyreducethenumberodiscoverymotionsdemurrersandothermotionsledwithoutanyrealcommunicationbetweentheattorneys.Judgesuniormlybelievethattheywouldbeabletoschedulehearingsmuchsooneritheywerenotorcedtohearanddecidesomanymotionswhichresultprimarilyromnocommunicationorcooperationamongtheattorneys.OcoursetheCourtcanndotherwaystoreducecongestionincludingwaystoincreasethenumberocourtrooms.Howeverthatisthetopicoanotherarticle.Cofeecontinuedfrompage15continuedonpage17 Volume22014verdict17Itistellingthatjudgeswhohavesatincriminalcourtsareshockedbythedierenceincivilityinthecivilcourts.Attorneysinaseriouselonycaseinwhichadeendantcouldlosehisorherreedomordecadesinvariablydisplaytheutmostcooperationproessionalismandyescivility.Yetsomeattorneysinalimitedjurisdictioncivilcasewithapotentialawardo10000and20000atmostcannotagreeonwhetherthelightsinthehallwaywereonorobeoreenteringthecourtroom.Onecanconsideranumberoreasonsorthisdierencebetweenthecriminalandcivilattorneysbutthebestexplanationismostcriminalattorneysprosecutorspublicdeendersandprivatedeenseattorneysworkinthesamecourthouseeverydayoeninthesamecourtroomwherepersonalrelationshipsaredeveloped.Asaresultothiscloserrelationshiptheattorneyshaveanexpectationthatotherswillbecordialandcooperative.Tejudgesandstamembersalsoexpecteveryonetobemorecordialandcooperative.Tissamelevelocooperationcanbeoundintheprobatecourtsinwhichthesamesituationexiststheattorneysappearinthesamecourtroomormanyotheircaseswhichorcesthemtodeveloprelationshipswiththeattorneysontheothersideothecase.oputitbluntlyitisarmoredifculttobeanasswhenyouhavetalkedwiththeotherattorneyabouthischildscollegeapplicationsorthetwooyouhavediscussedyourvacationplansoryouwillseehereverydayorthenextyear.Donotbemisledintothinkingthatmorecivilitymeansanattorneyisailingtoullyandaggressivelyrepresentherclients.AbsolutelynotAnattorneycanatthesametimeadvocateonbehaloonesclientbasedonapplicablerulesandlawsaggressivelyghttoadvancethebestinterestsoonesclientandhaveacooperativeandproessionalrelationshipwithopposingcounsel.Inotherwordshavingacupocoeewithopposingcounseltakesnothingawayromonesabilitytozealouslyrepresentonesclient.Inactitisquitetheoppositeconductingoneselinaproessionalandreasonablemannerwillmostdenitelyresultincostsavingstoonesclientbecausetheattorneyswillnotndthemselvesincourtarguingaboutissuesthatcouldhavebeeneasilyresolvedwithoutcourtintervention.Andasnotedaboveacooperativerelationshipwithopposingcounselwillostersettlement.Judgeswillalsotellyouthatthemostsuccessulcivilattorneysusuallydonotresorttothegamesmanshipconnectedtoalackocivility.Onereasonisprominentlawyersoenopposethesameattorneys.Asaresultaccountabilityiskey.Converselymanycivilattorneyscanappearinanumberocasesoverseveralyearsandnotseethesameattorneyorjudge.Becauseothislackoaccountabilityitiseasytodisregardcivility.Terearelittletonoconsequencesobadbehaviorinthisscenario.Judgesandattorneysullyrecognizethepressureonattorneystodealwithworkloadbillingstheneedtokeepthecurrentclientandtheimportanceowinningthecasenotonlyorthecurrentclientbutalsoinordertodeveloputurebusiness.Tereisnoquestionhoweverthatanattorneywillrealizemoreandconsistentsuccessbyconductingoneselinacivilandhonestmanner.Aerallweallknowthatyouattractmoreieswithhoneythanwithvinegar.Tinkaboutwhatadjectivesyouusewhenyoudescribeajudgethatyoulikereasonableshelistensandgivesyoutimetomakeyourargumentsheletsyouknowwhatsheisthinking.Invariablysheiscordialmeaningthatshedidnotyellorlosehercool.Tereisnoreasonthatthesameattributescannotdeneaneectiveattorneywhorepresentstheinterestsotheclientandgetsgoodresults.Nexttimeyouareinthecourthousetakeacoupleominutestoobserveagoodtrialattorney.Nodoubtyouwillseeanattorneywhoisrespectultocourtstathejudgeopposingcounselandthejurylistenstothewitnessandisattentivetothejury.Tereisnoreasonthatattorneysshouldwaituntilajuryispresenttoconductthemselvesinthismanner.Attorneysshouldendeavortobeontheirbestbehaviorallthetime.Judgesrecognizethepressuresopracticinglawandaretryingtoacilitatecooperationandcandoramongattorneys.TecourtworkedwithseveralleadingbarassociationstodeveloptheVoluntaryEfcientLitigationStipulationsVELSwhichprovideormalmeanstoworkoutdierencesondemurrersdiscoverydisputesmotionsinlimineandothercommondisputesincivillitigation.TeVELSareavailableontheCourtswebsiteunderoolsorLitigators.Cofeecontinuedfrompage16continuedonpage18 18verdictVolume22014Alsoagrowingnumberojudgesarewillingtoparticipateinaninormaldiscoveryconerence.TeseIDCsarerequiredinthePIcourtswhenthedisputehastodowithamotiontocompelurtherdiscoveryresponses.TejudgeswhoconducttheseconerenceswilltellyouthattheyseldomhavetohearamotionaferanIDCbecausetheattorneysalmostalwaysresolvethedisputewhentheysitdowninaroomace-to-aceanddiscussthediscoveryissues.Oneunortunateobservationbythejudgesisthatusuallytheseconerencesarethersttimetheattorneysarespeakingtoeachother.WhentheVELSwererstpromulgatedandjudgesbegantodiscussthemwithattorneysatlawrmsorbargroupsjudgesweretoldthatattorneyswerehesitanttosuggestusingthembecauseitwouldbeviewedasasignoweaknesstobethersttoraisetheissue.Tiswasverydisturbingtohear.Teactthatanattorneyisaraidshewillcompromiseherclientspositionbyagreeingonissuesshowsthatwehavesunktoaverylowpoint.Wemustendeavortohavethecouragetodowhatisrightandthatistoconductourselvesinsuchawayastoostercommunicationcooperationandproessionalism.TeSupremeCourtoCaliorniarecentlyrecognizedtheepidemicolackocivility.TeoaththatwetookhadussweartosupportboththeUnitedStatesandCaliorniaconstitutionsandthatwewouldaithullydischargethedutiesoanattorneytothebestoourknowledgeandability.BasedonarecommendationbytheStateBaroCaliorniatheSupremeCourtrecentlyapprovedtheadditionolanguageregardingcivility.AsoMay232014newadmitteeswillalsohavetopromisetoconductthemselvesatalltimeswithdignitycourtesyandintegrity.Onecanonlyhopethatnewattorneysadheretothisoath.TeactthattheSupremeCourtsawttoamendtheoathcertainlyspeaksvolumesregardingthedemiseocivilityintheproessionolaw.Judgesullyrecognizethetalentsoourcivilbar.MostattorneysareproessionalandcourteoustowardtheCourtandtheiradversaries.Weallarehonoredtoworkinthenestproessionintheland.Butquitesimplyweallwillbenetrommorecivility.Tecourtswillrunmoresmoothlyclientswillbemoresatisedbecausetheywillnotbepayingorneedlesslitigationattorneyswillbelessstressedyoungattorneyswilllearnrompositiverolemodelsandwecanlookinthemirrorandknowthatweareacilitatingjustice.Tenexttimeyouattendabarmeetinglistentothemessageocivilitythatisconveyed.AndinsteadodiscardingthemessageassoonasthevaletbringsyourcararoundbeboldandtaketherststeptowardpracticingthemessageocivilityaferyouknowthenameothedeenseattorneypickupthephonenotethatIdonotsuggestsendingane-mailandscheduleatimetogogetacupocoeewithopposingcounsel.Iyouoptorabeerinsteadenjoythetalk.Hon.DanBuckleysitsontheLosAngelesCountySuperiorCourtandservesastheSupervisingJudgeoCivil.BeorethemovetotheMoskCourthouseJudgeBuckleysatinPomonawhereheservedastheSupervisingJudgeotheEastDistrictandovertheyearshandledmisdemeanorgeneralcivilelonytrialelonymastercalendarandprobatecourts.JudgeBuckleyteachestrialadvocacyatLoyolaLawSchoolandbothCaliorniaCivilProcedureandRemediesatUSCandhastaughtanumberoclassestojudges.Beoretakingthebenchin2002JudgeBuckleywasashareholderattheLosAngelesrmoBreidenbachBuckleyHuchtingHamblet.Hehadageneralcivildeensepracticewithaconcentrationotrialsintheareasotoxictortsproessionalnegligencepersonalinjuryandinsurancecoverageandservedasmanagingpartneroranumberoyears.JudgeBuckleyattendedtheUniversityoNotreDameorhisundergraduateandlawdegrees.ReprintedwithpermissionromtheJuly2014issueoAdvocate.Cofeecontinuedfrompage17 Volume22014verdict19 20verdictVolume22014 Volume22014verdictgreensheetsiLisaPerrochetTheGreenSheetsalthoughpublishedlaterthanmostcurrentadvancesheetsbecauseofcopydeadlinesshouldserveasausefulreviewofrecentimportantdecisions.ReadersareinvitedtosuggestsignicantdecisionsforinclusioninthenextGreenSheetsedition.PleasecontactLPerrochethorvitzlevy.comTomaketheGreenSheetsausefultooltodefensecounseltheyareprintedingreenandinsertedinthemiddleofVerdictmagazineeachissue.eycanbeeasilyremovedandledforfurtherreference.OfcoursetheGreenSheetsarealwaysoneattorneysinterpretationofthecaseandeachattorneyshouldthoroughlyreadthecasesbeforecitingthemorrelyingonthisdigest.Carefulcounselwillalsochecksubsequenthistorybeforeciting.greensheetsNOTESONRECENTDECISIONSCivilProcedureAdefendantsawarenessthathisconductwillhaveasignicantconnectiontoforumresidentsisnotsufcienttocreatepersonaljurisdictionoverthedefendant.Waldenv.Fiore2014134S.Ct.1115TwoprofessionalgamblerswhowereNevadaresidentswerecarrying97000incashthroughaGeorgiaairport.AGeorgiapoliceocerundertakingdrugenforcementeortsseizedthemoneyandhelpeddraaprobablecauseadavitforforfeitureofthemoney.eNevadaresidentssuedtheocerinNevadafederaldistrictcourtoncivilrightsclaimsallegingtheocerfalselysuggestedthemoneywasrelatedtoillegalactivitywithoutincludingrelevantexculpatoryinformation.etrialcourtdismissedthecomplaintforlackofpersonaljurisdictioninNevadaovertheGeorgiapoliceocerbuttheNinthCircuitreversedholdingthattheocerknewtheadavitwouldaectpeoplewithasignicantconnectiontoNevadaanditwasthereforereasonableforhimtoberequiredtosubmittojurisdictionthere.eUnitedStatesSupremeCourtreversedtheNinthCircuitsndingofpersonaljurisdiction.eocersknowledgethathisallegedlytortiousconductwoulddelaythereturnofpropertytoNevadaresidentswasinsucienttoconnecttheocertoNevada.Forpurposesofestablishingspecicpersonaljurisdictioncourtsmustlooktominimumcontactsthedefendanthimselfcreatedwiththeforumstatenottheplaintiscontactswiththeforumstatetheplainticannotbetheonlylinkbetweenthedefendantandtheforum.SeealsoRousev.WachoviaMortgageFSB9thCir.2014747F.3d707Fordiversityjurisdictionpurposesunder29U.S.C.1348anationalbankisacitizenonlyofthestatewhereitsmainoceislocatedandnotwhereitsprincipalplaceofbusinessisifdierentthanthelocationofitsmainocenotwithstanding28U.S.C.1332ButseeGilmoreBankv.AsiaTrustNewZealandLtd.2014223Cal.App.4th1558inCaliforniafraudulenttransferactionrequirementsforspecicpersonaljurisdictionoverNewZealandcompanythatreceivedthefraudulent-transferredfundsweresatisedbecausethecompanytransactedbusinesswithCaliforniaresidentsincludingtheco-defendantfraudulenttransferorthroughmoderntelecommunicationsmethodsTrialcourtsmayenforcereasonabletrial-daylimitsevenifapartyisnotnishedpresentingitscase.CaliforniaCraneSchoolInc.v.NationalCom.forCerticationofCraneOperators2014226Cal.App.4th12Inthisbusinessdisputethetrialcourtlimitedthepartiesto10trialdaysaerdismissingallbuttwooftheclaimspretrial.Althoughplaintiscounselexpressedskepticismthatthetrialcouldbeaccomplishedinonly10dayshedidnotexpresslyobjectorexplainwhythattimewouldbeinadequate.Plaintiscase-in-chiefproceededslowlyusingnearlythreedaysforonewitness.PlaintiswereunabletocallalloftheirwitnessesbeforetheeighthdaywhencontinuedonpageiiVoume22014erictgreenseetsierrocetTheGreenSheetsalthoughpublishedlaterthanmostcurrentadvancesheetsbecauseofcopydeadlinesshouldserveasausefulreviewofrecentimportantdecisions.ReadersareinvitedtosuggestsignicantdecisionsforinclusioninthenextGreenSheetsedition.PleasecontactLPerrochethorvitzlevy.comTomaketheGreenSheetsausefultooltodefensecounseltheyareprintedinreenandinsertedinthemiddleofVerdicmaazineeachissue.eycanbeeasilyremovedandledforfurtherreference.OfcoursetheGreenSheetsarealwaysoneattorneysinterpretationofthecaseandeachattorneyshouldthoroughlyreadthecasesbeforecitingthemorrelyingonthisdigest.Carefulcounselwillalsochecksubsequenthistorybeforecitin.rnNTENREENTDEIINivilPrrAfnnwrnhhinwillhaveasignicantconnectiontoforumresidentsisnotsufcienttocreatepersonaljurisdictionoverthedefendant.nv.r2014134S.t.1115TwoprofessionalamblerswhowereNevadaresidentswerecarryin97000incashthrouhaGeoriaairport.AGeoriapoliceocerundertakingdrugenforcementeortsseizedthemoneyandhelpeddraaprobablecauseadavitforforfeitureofthemoney.eevadaresidentssuedtheocerinNevadafederaldistrictcourtoncivilrightsclaimsallegingtheocerfalselysuggestedthemoneywasrelatedtoillegalactivitywithoutincludingrelevantexculpatoryinformation.etrialcourtdismissedthecomplaintforlackofpersonaljurisdictioninNevadaovertheGeorgiapoliceocerbuttheNinthCircuitreversedholdingthattheocerknewtheadavitwouldaectpeoplewithasignicantconnectiontoNevadaanditwasthereforereasonableforhimtoberequiredtosubmittojurisdictionthere.eUnitedStatesSupremeCourtreversedtheNinthCircuitsndingofpersonaljurisdiction.eocersknowledgethathisallegedlytortiousconductwoulddelaythereturnofpropertytoevadaresidentswasinsucienttoconnecttheocertoNevada.Forpurposesofestablishingspecicpersonaljurisdictioncourtsmustlooktominimumcontactsthedefendanthimselfcreatedwiththeforumstatenottheplaintiscontactswiththeforumstatetheplainticannotbetheonlylinkbetweenthedefendantandtheforum.SeealsoRousev.WachoviaMortgageFSB9thCir.2014747F.3d707Fordiversityjurisdictionpurposesunder29U.S.C.348anationalbankisacitizenonlyofthestatewhereitsmainoceislocatedandnotwhereitsprincipalplaceofbusinessisifdierentthanthelocationofitsmainocenotwithstandin28U.S.C.1332ButseeGilmoreBankv.AsiaTrustNewZealandLtd.2014223Cal.App.4th1558inCaliforniafraudulenttransferactionrequirementsforspecicpersonaljurisdictionoverNewZealandcompanythatreceivedthefraudulent-transferredfundsweresatisedbecausethecompanytransactedbusinesswithCaliforniaresidentsincludingtheco-defendantfraudulenttransferorthroughmoderntelecommunicationsmethodsTrialcourtsmayenforcereasonabletrial-daylimitsevenifapartyisnotnishedpresentingitscase.aliforniaranechoolInc.v.Nationalom.foCerticationofCraneOperators2014226al.A.4th12Inthisbusinessdisputethetrialcourtlimitedthepartiesto10trialdaysaerdismissingallbuttwooftheclaimspretrial.Althoughplaintiscounselexpressedskepticismthatthetrialcouldbeaccomplishedinonly10dayshedidnotexpresslyobjectorexplainwhythattimewouldbeinadequate.Plaintiscase-in-chiefproceededslowlyusingnearlythreedaysforonewitness.Plaintiswereunabletocallalloftheirwitnessesbeforetheeighthdaywhencontinuedonpageii iiverdictgreensheetsVolume22014thecasewastobehandedovertothedefense.ecourtgrantedanonsuitastooneofplaintisclaimsbutdenieditastotheotherclaim.Defendantsproceededwiththeircaseduringwhichplaintisusedsignicantamountsoftimeforcross-examinationofdefendantswitnessesleavingnotimeforrebuttal.ejuryreturnedadefenseverdictandplaintisappealedonthegroundthetrialcourtabuseditsdiscretioninlimitingthetimefortrial.eCourtofAppealFihDist.heldthatthetrialcourtdidnotabuseitsdiscretioninlimitingthetrialto10daysgiventheplaintisfailuretoobjectwhenthetimelimitwassetandfailuretoproceedexpeditiouslyduringtrial.ecourtadmonishedthatattorneysshouldnotpresumetrialcourtswillgivethemwhatevertimetheywantratherthetrialcourthastherightandresponsibilitytomanagetheproceedingsecientlyforthebenetofthecourtjurorsandalllitigants.eCourtofAppealencouragedtheuseoftimelimitsbasedoncourthoursratherthancourtdays.DiscoveryTrialcourtmustevaluatewhetherresponsestorequestsforadmissionaresubstantiallycompliantwiththeCodeofCivilProcedureasawholenotresponse-by-response.St.Maryv.SuperiorCourtSchellenberg2014223Cal.App.4th762Defendantsserved114requestsforadmissionRFAs.Plaintirequestedatwo-weekextensionoftimetorespondbutdefendantsdeniedtherequestadayaertherequestsweredue.Plaintiprovidedherresponsesthenextday.BecausetheresponseswerelatedefendantsmovedforanorderdeemingtheRFAsadmitted.etrialcourtreviewedtheRFAresponsespiecemealandgranteddefendantsmotionasto41oftheRFAs.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.issuedaperemptorywritofmandatedirectingthetrialcourttovacateitsorder.ecourtexplainedthatwhileCodeofCivilProcedure2033.280subdivisionbprovidesthatarespondingpartysfailuretoserveanyRFAresponsesinatimelyfashionrequiresthetrialcourttograntamotiontodeemthemadmittedthetrialcourtmustdenythemotionastoapartywhoservesresponsesbeforethemotionisheardandsubstantiallycomplieswithCodeofCivilProcedure2033.220governingRFAs.InthiscasethetrialcourterredbyexaminingeachRFAindividuallyratherthantheresponsesaswholetodetermineiftheresponsessubstantiallycompliedwiththestatute.etrialcourtalsoerredbydecidingthatresponsesnotsolelyandunequivocallyadmittingordenyingtheRFAswerenotinsubstantialcompliancewiththeCodewhereresponsesareveriedbythepartyunquestionablyCode-compliantastothemajorityoftheRFAsandcontainmeaningfulsubstantiveresponsesastotheremainderthatissucienttoconstitutesubstantialcompliance.Doctorsmaybeorderedtoproduceotherpatientrecordswhererelevantsolongastherecordsareappropriatelyredactedtoprotectpatientprivacy.Snibbev.SuperiorCourtGilbert2014224Cal.App.4th184Inthismedicalmalpracticecaseinvolvingapatientwhodiedfromanopiateoverdosefollowingahipreplacementsurgeryplaintissoughttodiscover160post-operativeorderspreparedbythedefendantdoctorandhisassistant.Plaintisarguedthisdiscoverywasrelevanttoliabilitytheoriesaboutthedoctorsinteractionswithothermedicalsta.edoctorobjectedtothediscoveryrequestonthegroundsofrelevanceprivilegeandhispatientsrightstoprivacy.etrialcourtorderedthedoctortoproducethepost-operativeordersandthedoctorsoughtawritofmandate.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourheldthatthetrialcourtsorderwasoverbroadbutthatplaintiswereentitledtodiscoverordersreectingthedoctorscustomandpracticeregardingtheadministrationofopioids.ecourtfurtherheldthatproductionoftheorderswouldnotviolatethephysician-patientprivilegeorthepatientsrighttoprivacywhereredactionscouldeasilybemade.ecourtrejectedthedoctorsclaimthathewouldfaceliabilityfordisclosingpatientinformationeveninredactedformbecausetherelevantstatuespermitsuchdisclosureundercourtorder.Trialcourtshaveinherentauthoritytoexcludeexpertwitnessesdisclosedafterthediscoverycut-offdateeveniftheopposingpartyspre-cutoffdatedisclosureswerealsotechnicallyuntimely.Cottiniv.EnloeMedicalCenter2014226Cal.App.4th401eplaintisuedthedefendanthospitalfornegligenttreatmentofashoulderinjury.Astrialapproachedthehospitalservedademandtoexchangeexpertinformation.eplaintirespondedbyclaimingthathedidnotneedtoexchangeinformationwiththehospitalscounselbecausecounselhadaconictofinterestandlingamotiontodisqualify.Neithersideexchangedexpertinformationpertheoriginaldisclosurecut-odate.Aerthetrialcourtdeniedtheplaintismotiontodisqualifythehospitaloeredadateforsimultaneousexpertdisclosurebuttheplaintiagainrefused.Beforethediscoverycutodatethehospitalunilaterallydiscloseditsexpertinformation.eplaintiappealedthedisqualicationmotionandtheCourtofAppealarmedthedenial.Immediatelyaertheremittiturissuedtheplaintisubmittedhisexpertdisclosures.ehospitalmovedtoexcludeplaintisexpertwitnessesbasedontheuntimelydisclosurethetrialcourtgrantedthemotionuponanexerciseofitsinherentauthorityandtheplaintiappealed.eCourtofAppealirdDist.armed.etrialcourtdidnotabuseitsdiscretioninexcludingtheplaintisexperts.AlthoughCodeofCivilProcedure2034.300didnotrequireexclusionoftheexpertsbecausethehospitalsdisclosuresalsowerenottimelyitdidnotlimitthetrialcourtsinherentauthoritytoexcludethem.continuedfrompageiiierictgreenseetsVoume22014thecasewastobehandedovertothedefense.ecourtgrantedanonsuitastooneofplaintisclaimsbutdenieditastotheotherclaim.Defendantsproceededwiththeircaseduringwhichplaintisusedsignicantamountsoftimeforcross-examinationofdefendantswitnessesleavingnotimeforrebuttal.ejuryreturnedadefenseverdictandplaintisappealedonthegroundthetrialcourtabuseditsdiscretioninlimitingthetimefortrial.eCourtofAppealFihDist.heldthatthetrialcourtdidnotabuseitsdiscretioninlimitingthetrialto10daysgiventheplaintisfailuretoobjectwhenthetimelimitwassetandfailuretoproceedexpeditiouslyduringtrial.ecourtadmonishedthatattorneysshouldnotpresumetrialcourtswillgivethemwhatevertimetheywantratherthetrialcourthastherightandresponsibilitytomanagetheproceedingsecientlyforthebenetofthecourtjurorsandalllitigants.eCourtofAppealencouragedtheuseoftimelimitsbasedoncourthoursratherthancourtdays.DiscoveryTrialcourtmustevaluatewhetherresponsestorequestsforadmissionaresubstantiallycompliantwiththeCodeofCivilProcedureasawholenotresponse-by-response.St.Maryv.SuperiorCourtSchellenberg2014223al.App.4th762Defendantsserved114requestsforadmissionRFAs.Plaintirequestedatwo-weekextensionoftimetorespondbutdefendantsdeniedtherequestadayaertherequestsweredue.Plaintiprovidedherresponsesthenextday.BecausetheresponseswerelatedefendantsmovedforanorderdeemingtheRFAsadmitted.etrialcourtreviewedtheRFAresponsespiecemealandgranteddefendantsmotionasto41oftheRFAs.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.issuedaperemptorywritofmandatedirectingthetrialcourttovacateitsorder.ecourtexplainedthatwhileCodeofCivilProcedure2033.280subdivisionbprovidesthatarespondingpartysfailuretoserveanyRFAresponsesinatimelyfashionrequiresthetrialcourttograntamotiontodeemthemadmittedthetrialcourtmustdenythemotionastoapartywhoservesresponsesbeforethemotionisheardandsubstantiallycomplieswithCodeofCivilProcedure2033.220governingRFAs.InthiscasethetrialcourterredbyexaminingeachRFAindividuallyratherthantheresponsesaswholetodetermineiftheresponsessubstantiallycompliedwiththestatute.etrialcourtalsoerredbydecidingthatresponsesnotsolelyandunequivocallyadmittingordenyingtheRFAswerenotinsubstantialcompliancewiththeCodewhereresponsesareveriedbythepartyunquestionablyCode-compliantastothemajorityoftheRFAsandcontainmeaningfulsubstantiveresponsesastotheremainderthatissucienttoconstitutesubstantialcompliance.Doctorsmaybeorderedtoproduceotherpatientrecordswhererelevantsolongastherecordsareappropriatelyredactedtoprotectpatientprivacy.Snibbev.SuperiorCourtGilbert2014224al.App.4th18Inthismedicalmalpracticecaseinvolvingapatientwhodiedfromanopiateoverdosefollowingahipreplacementsurgeryplaintissoughttodiscover160post-operativeorderspreparedbythedefendantdoctorandhisassistant.Plaintisarguedthisdiscoverywasrelevanttoliabilitytheoriesaboutthedoctorsinteractionswithothermedicalsta.edoctorobjectedtothediscoveryrequestonthegroundsofrelevanceprivilegeandhispatientsrightstoprivacy.etrialcourtorderedthedoctortoproducethepost-operativeordersandthedoctorsoughtawritofmandate.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourheldthatthetrialcourtsorderwasoverbroadbutthatplaintiswereentitledtodiscoverordersreectinthedoctorscustomandpracticereardintheadministrationofopioids.ecourtfurtherheldthatproductionoftheorderswouldnotviolatethephysician-patientprivileeorthepatientsrihttoprivacywhereredactionscouldeasilybemade.ecourtrejectedthedoctorsclaimthathewouldfaceliabilityfordisclosingpatientinformationeveninredactedformbecausetherelevantstatuespermitsuchdisclosureundercourtorder.Trialcourtshaveinherentauthoritytoexcludeexpertwitnessesdisclosedafterthediscoverycut-offdateeveniftheopposingpartyspre-cutoffdatedisclosureswerealsotechnicallyuntimely.iniv.EnlMiln2014226al.App.4th401eplaintisuedthedefendanthospitalfornegligenttreatmentofashoulderinjury.Astrialapproachedthehospitalservedademandtoexchangeexpertinformation.eplaintirespondedbyclaimingthathedidnotneedtoexchangeinformationwiththehospitalscounselbecausecounselhadaconictofinterestandlingamotiontodisqualify.Neithersideexchangedexpertinformationpertheoriinaldisclosurecut-odate.Aerthetrialcourtdeniedtheplaintismotiontodisqualifythehospitaloeredadateforsimultaneousexpertdisclosurebuttheplaintiaainrefused.Beforethediscoverycutodatethehospitalunilaterallydiscloseditsexpertinformation.eplaintiappealedthedisqualicationmotionandtheCourtofAppealarmedthedenial.Immediatelyaertheremittiturissuedtheplaintisubmittedhisexpertdisclosures.ehospitalmovedtoexcludeplaintisexpertwitnessesbasedontheuntimelydisclosurethetrialcourtrantedthemotionuponanexerciseofitsinherentauthorityandtheplaintiappealed.eCourtofAppealirdDist.armed.etrialcourtdidnotabuseitsdiscretioninexcludintheplaintisexperts.AlthouhCodeofCivilProcedure2034.300didnotrequireexclusionoftheexpertsbecausethehospitalsdisclosuresalsowerenottimelyitdidnotlimitthetrialcourtsinherentauthoritytoexcludethem.continuedfrompagei Volume22014verdictgreensheetsiiiEvidenceAdifferentialdiagnosisconcludingthedefendantsmedicationwasasubstantialfactorincausingamedicalconditionisrelevantandreliableexperttestimony.Messickv.NovartisPharmaceuticalsCorp.9thCir.2014747F.3d1193eplaintisuedthemanufacturerofamedicationsheallegedcontributedtonecrosisinherjawanailmentforwhichtheplaintihadseveraldierentmedicalriskfactors.eplaintiplannedtoprovethenecrosiswascausedbythedefendantsproductthroughpresentationofadierentialdiagnosesbyhermedicalexpertthatthedefendantsmedicationwasasubstantialfactorinthedevelopmentofthenecrosis.edistrictcourtexcludedtheexpertstestimonyasirrelevantandunreliablesincetheexpertcouldnotidentifywhichoftheplaintismultipleriskfactorscausedthenecrosis.Withouttheexperttestimonytheplaintihadnocausationevidencesothedistrictcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentforthedefense.eNinthCircuitreversedthegrantofsummaryjudgment.ExplainingthattherelevancybarislowthecourtheldthattheexpertstestimonywasrelevanttothestandardformedicalcausationunderCalifornialaw.ecourtthenheldthatthetestimonywassucientlyreliablebecausethelawdoesnotrequirethatanexpertbeabletoidentifythesolecauseofamedicalconditioninorderforhisorhertestimonytobereliable.Itisenoughthatamedicalconditionbeasubstantialcausativefactor.SeealsoCityofPomonav.SQMNorthAmericaCorp.9thCir.201459F.3d1036reversingdistrictcourtsdecisiontoexcludeexperttestimonyoncausationinasuitovergroundwatercontaminationonthegroundthattheexpertsmethodfortestingtheoriginofthecontaminantswasunreliablewhethertheexpertwascredibleandhismethodsweresuperiortoacompetingexpertsmethodsweremattersforthetrieroffactClassActionsClassactionwaiversareenforceablebutPAGAactionwaiversarenot.Iskanianv.CLSTransportationLosAngelesLLC201459Cal.4th1036eplaintisoughttobringaclassactionallegingviolationsofstatewageandhourlawsbuthadsignedanarbitrationagreementthatwaivedtherighttoclassproceedings.InGentryv.SuperiorCourt200742Cal.4th443theCaliforniaSupremeCourtconcludedthatclassactionwaiversinemploymentagreementstoarbitratestatestatutorywageandhourclaimscouldbeinvalidatedasamatterofCaliforniapublicpolicyifindividualarbitrationwouldnotaseectivelyvindicatetheemployeessubstantivestaterightsandthattheFederalArbitrationActFAAdidnotpreemptthisprohibitionofclassactionwaivers.InthiscasetheCaliforniaSupremeCourtreconsideredthatrulinginlightoftheU.S.SupremeCourtsinterveningdecisioninATTMobilityLLCv.Concepcion2011131S.Ct.1740.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtruledthatGentrysruleagainstclassactionwaiverswasabrogatedbyConcepcionthusrenderingsuchwaiversenforceableandadditionallyruledthatfederallaborlawdoesnotforecloseenforcementofaclassactionwaiverinanemploymentarbitrationagreement.HoweverwhereanarbitrationagreementcompelsthewaiverofarepresentativeclaimunderthePrivateAttorneysGeneralActPAGAwhichpermitsemployeestobringrepresentativecivilactionsagainsttheiremployersonbehalfofthestatetorecovercivilpenaltiesforcertainviolationsoftheLaborCodethewaiveriscontrarytoCaliforniaspublicpolicyandthereforeunenforceable.AccordingtotheCourttheFAAdoesnotpreemptthisprohibitionbecausetheFAAfocusesontheresolutionofprivatedisputeswhereasaPAGAactionisadisputebetweenanemployerandthestate.SeealsoImburgiav.DIRECTVInc.2014225Cal.App.4th338armingtrialcourtrulingthataclassactionwaiverwasunenforceableunderCalifornialaweventhoughthepreemptiveprovisionoftheFAAwouldhaverenderedtheagreementenforceablebecausethearbitrationagreementexpresslyprovidedthattheclassactionwaiverprovisionwassubjecttothelawoftheconsumersstate.CompareDavisv.NordstromInc.9thCir.2014__F.3d__followingConceptionNordstromchangeditsarbitrationagreementtorequirearbitrationofmostclaimsNordstromsatisedtheminimalrequirementsunderCalifornialawforprovidingemployeeswithreasonablenoticeofthechangetoitsemployeehandbookbysendingalettertotheemployeesinformingthemofthemodicationandnotseekingtoenforcethearbitrationprovisionduringthe30-daynoticeperiod.SeealsoBaumannv.ChaseInvestmentServicesCorp.9thCir.2014747F.3d1117PAGAsuitsarenotclassactionseligibleforremovalunderCAFAbecauseitisatheartacivilenforcementactionfiledonbehalfofanforthebenefitofthestatenotaclaimforclassrelief.Plaintiffsclaimthatdrugstoremustprovidereasonableseatingtocashiersandclerksisamenabletoclasstreatment.Hallv.RiteAidCorp.2014226Cal.App.4th278PlaintiledthisclassactiononbehalfofRiteAidcashiersandclerksforfailuretoprovideseatingatcashregisters.etrialcourtgrantedplaintismotiontocertifytheclassbutontheeveoftrialRiteAidmovedtode-certifyarguingthattheclaimswerenotamenabletoclasstreatmentbecauseofdierencesintheamountoftimeemployeesspentattheregister.etrialcourtgrantedthemotionconcludingthatindividualissueswouldpredominatewithrespecttowhetherthenatureofthecashiersandclerksworkasawholewouldreasonablypermituseofseating.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Onereversedthedecerticationorder.ecourtconcludedthatundertheanalyticframeworkpromulgatedbyBrinkerRestaurantCorp.v.SuperiorCourt201253Cal.4th1004Brinkerthetrialcourterredwhenitdecertiedtheclassactionbecauseitsdecerticationorderwasbasedonanassessmentofthemeritsofplaintistheoryratherthanonwhetherthetheorywasamenabletoclasstreatment.HerecontinuedonpageivVoume22014erictgreenseetsiiivnAdifferentialdiagnosisconcludingthedefendantsmedicationwasasubstantialfactorincausingamedicalconditionisrelevantandreliableexperttestimony.Messickv.NovartisPharmaceuticalsCorp.9thir.2014747F.3d1193eplaintisuedthemanufacturerofamedicationsheallegedcontributedtonecrosisinherjawanailmentforwhichtheplaintihadseveraldierentmedicalriskfactors.eplaintiplannedtoprovethenecrosiswascausedbythedefendantsproductthroughpresentationofadierentialdiagnosesbyhermedicalexpertthatthedefendantsmedicationwasasubstantialfactorinthedevelopmentofthenecrosis.edistrictcourtexcludedtheexpertstestimonyasirrelevantandunreliablesincetheexpertcouldnotidentifywhichoftheplaintismultipleriskfactorscausedthenecrosis.Withouttheexperttestimonytheplaintihadnocausationevidencesothedistrictcourtrantedsummaryjudmentforthedefense.eNinthCircuitreversedtherantofsummaryjudment.ExplaininthattherelevancybarislowthecourtheldthattheexpertstestimonywasrelevanttothestandardformedicalcausationunderCalifornialaw.ecourtthenheldthatthetestimonywassucientlyreliablebecausethelawdoesnotrequirethatanexpertbeabletoidentifythesolecauseofamedicalconditioninorderforhisorhertestimonytobereliable.Itisenouhthatamedicalconditionbeasubstantialcausativefactor.SeealsoCityofPomonav.SQMNorthAmericaCorp.9thCir.201459F.3d1036reversindistrictcourtsdecisiontoexcludeexperttestimonyoncausationinasuitoverroundwatercontaminationontheroundthattheexpertsmethodfortestintheoriinofthecontaminantswasunreliablewhethertheexpertwascredibleandhismethodsweresuperiortoacompetinexpertsmethodsweremattersforthetrieroffactlAinClassactionwaiversareenforceablebutPAGAactionwaiversarenot.Iskanianv.CLSTransportationLosAngelesLLC201459al.4th1036eplaintisoughttobringaclassactionallegingviolationsofstatewageandhourlawsbuthadsignedanarbitrationagreementthatwaivedtherighttoclassproceedings.InGentryv.SuperiorCourt200742Cal.4th443theCaliforniaSupremeCourtconcludedthatclassactionwaiversinemploymentagreementstoarbitratestatestatutorywageandhourclaimscouldbeinvalidatedasamatterofCaliforniapublicpolicyifindividualarbitrationwouldnotaseectivelyvindicatetheemployeessubstantivestaterightsandthattheFederalArbitrationActFAAdidnotpreemptthisprohibitionofclassactionwaivers.InthiscasetheCaliforniaSupremeCourtreconsideredthatrulinginlightoftheU.S.SupremeCourtsinterveningdecisioninATTMobilityLLCv.Concepcion2011131S.Ct.1740.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtruledthatGentrysruleaainstclassactionwaiverswasabroatedbyConcepcionthusrenderinsuchwaiversenforceableandadditionallyruledthatfederallaborlawdoesnotforecloseenforcementofaclassactionwaiverinanemploymentarbitrationagreement.HoweverwhereanarbitrationagreementcompelsthewaiverofarepresentativeclaimunderthePrivateAttorneysGeneralActPAGAwhichpermitsemployeestobringrepresentativecivilactionsagainsttheiremployersonbehalfofthestatetorecovercivilpenaltiesforcertainviolationsoftheLaborCodethewaiveriscontrarytoCaliforniaspublicpolicyandthereforeunenforceable.AccordingtotheCourttheFAAdoesnotpreemptthisprohibitionbecausetheFAAfocusesontheresolutionofprivatedisputeswhereasaPAGAactionisadisputebetweenanemployerandthestate.SeealsoImburgiav.DIRECTVInc.2014225Cal.App.4th338armingtrialcourtrulingthataclassactionwaiverwasunenforceableunderCalifornialaweventhoughthepreemptiveprovisionoftheFAAwouldhaverenderedtheagreementenforceablebecausethearbitrationareementexpresslyprovidedthattheclassactionwaiverprovisionwassubjecttothelawoftheconsumersstate.CompareDavisv.NordstromInc.9thCir.2014__F.3d__followinConceptionNordstromchaneditsarbitrationareementtorequirearbitrationofmostclaimsNordstromsatisedtheminimalrequirementsunderCalifornialawforprovidinemployeeswithreasonablenoticeofthechanetoitsemployeehandbookbysendinalettertotheemployeesinforminthemofthemodicationandnotseekintoenforcethearbitrationprovisiondurinthe30-daynoticeperiod.SeealsoBaumannv.ChaseInvestmentServicesCorp.9thCir.2014747F.3d1117PAGAsuitsarenotclassactionseliibleforremovalunderCAFAbecauseitisatheartacivilenforcementactionfiledonbehalfofanforthebenefitofthestatenotaclaimforclassrelief.Plaintiffsclaimthatdrugstoremustprovidereasonableseatingtocashiersandclerksisamenabletoclasstreatment.Hallv.RiteAidCorp.2014226al.A.4th278PlaintiledthisclassactiononbehalfofRiteAidcashiersandclerksforfailuretoprovideseatingatcashregisters.etrialcourtgrantedplaintismotiontocertifytheclassbutontheeveoftrialRiteAidmovedtode-certifyarguingthattheclaimswerenotamenabletoclasstreatmentbecauseofdierencesintheamountoftimeemployeesspentattheregister.etrialcourtgrantedthemotionconcludingthatindividualissueswouldpredominatewithrespecttowhetherthenatureofthecashiersandclerksworkasawholewouldreasonablypermituseofseating.eCourtofAppealFourthDist.Div.Onereversedthedecerticationorder.ecourtconcludedthatundertheanalyticframeworkpromulgatedbyBrinkerRestaurantCorp.v.SuperiorCourt201253Cal.4th1004Brinkethetrialcourterredwhenitdecertiedtheclassactionbecauseitsdecerticationorderwasbasedonanassessmentofthemeritsofplaintistheoryratherthanonwhetherthetheorywasamenabletoclasstreatment.Herecontinuedonpageiv ivverdictgreensheetsVolume22014theplaintistheorywasthatRiteAidhadauniformpolicyoffailingtoprovidesuitableseatsforcashiersandclerkswhileattheregisterandtheamountoftimeparticularemployeesspentattheregisterwasnotrelevanttowhethercashregisterworkgenerallycanbeperformedwhileseated.usplaintistheorywasamenabletoclasstreatment.TortsMajorretailerdoesnothaveadutytoprovideAEDs.Verdugov.TargetCorp.201459Cal.4th312MaryAnnVerdugosueredasuddencardiacarrestcollapsedanddiedwhileshoppingataTargetstore.HerrelativessuedTargetallegingthatTargetbreachedthedutyofcareitoweditspatronsbyfailingtohaveinitsstoreanautomatedexternaldebrillatorAEDforuseinamedicalemergency.AfederaldistrictcourtdismissedthecomplaintconcludingthatTargetowednodutytoacquireandmakeavailableanAEDfortheuseofitscustomers.OnappealtheNinthCircuitrequestedthattheCaliforniaSupremeCourtaddresswhetheracommercialpropertyownerowesitspatronsacommonlawdutytoacquireandmakeavailableanAEDforcasesofsuddencardiacarrest.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedtheNinthCircuitsrequestandfoundforthedefendantonthedutyissue.AerevaluatingtheburdensthatadutywouldimposeonbusinessestablishmentsandndingalackofheightenedforeseeabilitythatTargetpatronswillsuersuddencardiacarrestsonitspremisestheCourtconcludedthatTargetowesitscustomersnocommonlawdutytoacquireandmakeavailableanAEDforuseinamedicalemergency.epolicydecisionwhetherabusinessentityshouldberequiredtoacquireanAEDfortheprotectionofitspatronsisbetterletotheLegislature.Landlordswhorentpropertywithamaintainedpoolhaveadutytopreventchildrenfromdrowningevenifthechildrenarenottenants.Johnsonv.Prasad2014224Cal.App.4th74Defendanthomeownerspurchasedahomein2000withapoolthathadbeenbuiltinthe1970sandthatcompliedwithordinancesofthetime.eonlyaccesstothepoolwasthroughthekitchenthroughaslidingglassdoorwithasecuritygatethatdidnothaveaself-closingmechanism.In2009thehomeownersrentedtheirpropertytotheJohnsons.Four-year-oldAllenattendedaget-togetheratthehousewithhisgrandmother.AtsomepointthegrandmotherwentinsidewithAllenbutdidnotclosethedoor.Allenwanderedoandwaslaterfounddrownedinthepool.Hismothersuedthehomeowners.etrialcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentforthehomeownersreasoninginpartthatthehomeownershadnodutytopreventthedrowningbecausetheyhadnoreasontoexpectchildrentobeplayinginthepoolandthattherewasnocausationbecausethedoorandgatewereintentionallyleopen.eCourtofAppealirdDist.reversedholdingasamatteroflawthatthehomeownersherewhoknowinglyrentedahomewithamaintainedpoolowedadutyofreasonablecaretothefour-year-oldboytoprotecthimfromdrowninginthepool.UndertheRowlandfactorsitwasforeseeablethatthepoolwouldbeusedandthatchildrenwouldbeinvitedtothepropertyuseit.ehomeownerswerenotnegligentperseinfailingtofencethepoolbecausenoordinancesrequiredfencingbuttheexistenceofsuchregulationswasinformativeindeterminingwhetherpublicpolicysupportedimposingadutyunderthecircumstancesofthecase.Asforcausationthecourtheldthatwhetherotherprecautionswererequiredandwouldhavepreventedthedrowningwasafactissuethatcouldnotberesolvedonsummaryjudgment.Aplaintiffbearstheriskofnoneconomicdamagescausedbydefendantsshedoesnotsue.Vollarov.Lispi2014224Cal.App.4th93Defendantrear-endedthecarinwhichplaintiwasapassenger.Inplaintispersonalinjurysuitdefendantarguedthatthedriverofthecarinwhichplaintiwasridinghadbeennegligentinstoppingshort.Defendantrequestedtheverdictformpermitanallocationoffaulttothedriverwhoplaintihadnotsuedbutthetrialcourtdeniedtherequest.ejuryreturnedaplaintisverdictincluding86000ineconomicdamagesand575000innoneconomicdamages.Defendantappealedthetrialcourtsfailuretopermitthejurytoallocatefaulttothedriver.OnappealtheCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourreversed.UnderProposition51thedriverhadnoliabilitytoplaintifornoneconomicdamagesattributabletothedriver.Becauseshedidnotsuethedriverplaintiboretheentireriskoflossofnoneconomicdamagesthatmightbeattributabletothedriveraerremandforaretrialonapportionmentoffault.SeealsoChaudhryv.CityofLosAngeles9thCir.2014__F.3d__CodeofCivilProcedure377.34whichprohibitspre-deathpainandsueringdamagesinsurvivalactionslimitsrecoverytooseverelytobeconsistentwiththedeterrencepolicyunderlying42U.S.C.1983andsodoesnotapplyto1983claimswherethedecedentsdeathwascausedbyaviolationoffederallaw.Two-yearstatuteoflimitationsunderCodeofCivilProcedure335.1mayapplytomaliciousprosecutionclaimsagainstlawyers.RogerClevelandGolfCo.Inc.v.KraneSmithAPC2014225Cal.App.4th660Inthismaliciousprosecutionactiontrialcourtdismissedtheplaintislawsuitagainstitsformerattorneysundertheanti-SLAPPstatute.etrialcourtfoundthattheplaintiscomplaintwasuntimelybecausetheone-yearstatuteoflimitationsinCodeofCivilProcedure340.6subdivisionaappliedtothemaliciousprosecutionclaimandthelimitationsperiodcontinuedtorunduringthetimetheunderlyingactionwasonappeal.Plaintiappealed.continuedfrompageiiicontinuedonpageviverictgreenseetsVoume22014theplaintistheorywasthatRiteAidhadauniformpolicyoffailingtoprovidesuitableseatsforcashiersandclerkswhileattheregisterandtheamountoftimeparticularemployeesspentattheregisterwasnotrelevanttowhethercashregisterworkgenerallycanbeperformedwhileseated.usplaintistheorywasamenabletoclasstreatment.rMajorretailerdoesnothaveadutytoprovideAEDs.Verdugov.TargetCorp.201459al.4th312MaryAnnVerdugosueredasuddencardiacarrestcollapsedanddiedwhileshoppingataTargetstore.HerrelativessuedTargetallegingthatTargetbreachedthedutyofcareitoweditspatronsbyfailingtohaveinitsstoreanautomatedexternaldebrillatorAEDforuseinamedicalemergency.AfederaldistrictcourtdismissedthecomplaintconcludingthatTargetowednodutytoacquireandmakeavailableanAEDfortheuseofitscustomers.OnappealtheinthCircuitrequestedthattheCaliforniaSupremeCourtaddresswhetheracommercialpropertyownerowesitspatronsacommonlawdutytoacquireandmakeavailableanAEDforcasesofsuddencardiacarrest.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtgrantedtheNinthCircuitsrequestandfoundforthedefendantonthedutyissue.AerevaluatingtheburdensthatadutywouldimposeonbusinessestablishmentsandndingalackofheightenedforeseeabilitythatTargetpatronswillsuersuddencardiacarrestsonitspremisestheCourtconcludedthatTargetowesitscustomersnocommonlawdutytoacquireandmakeavailableanAEDforuseinamedicalemergency.epolicydecisionwhetherabusinessentityshouldberequiredtoacquireanAEDfortheprotectionofitspatronsisbetterletotheLegislature.Landlordswhorentpropertywithamaintainedpoolhaveadutytopreventchildrenfromdrowningevenifthechildrenrnnn.Johnsonv.Prasad2014224al.A.4th74Defendanthomeownerspurchasedahomein2000withapoolthathadbeenbuiltinthe1970sandthatcompliedwithordinancesofthetime.eonlyaccesstothepoolwasthroughthekitchenthroughaslidingglassdoorwithasecuritygatethatdidnothaveaself-closingmechanism.In2009thehomeownersrentedtheirpropertytotheJohnsons.Four-year-oldAllenattendedaget-togetheratthehousewithhisgrandmother.AtsomepointthegrandmotherwentinsidewithAllenbutdidnotclosethedoor.Allenwanderedoandwaslaterfounddrownedinthepool.Hismothersuedthehomeowners.etrialcourtgrantedsummaryjudgmentforthehomeownersreasoninginpartthatthehomeownershadnodutytopreventthedrowningbecausetheyhadnoreasontoexpectchildrentobeplayinginthepoolandthattherewasnocausationbecausethedoorandgatewereintentionallyleopen.eCourtofAppealirdDist.reversedholdinasamatteroflawthatthehomeownersherewhoknowinlyrentedahomewithamaintainedpoolowedadutyofreasonablecaretothefour-year-oldboytoprotecthimfromdrowninginthepool.UndertheRowlandfactorsitwasforeseeablethatthepoolwouldbeusedandthatchildrenwouldbeinvitedtothepropertyuseit.ehomeownerswerenotnegligentperseinfailingtofencethepoolbecausenoordinancesrequiredfencingbuttheexistenceofsuchregulationswasinformativeindeterminingwhetherpublicpolicysupportedimposingadutyunderthecircumstancesofthecase.Asforcausationthecourtheldthatwhetherotherprecautionswererequiredandwouldhavepreventedthedrowningwasafactissuethatcouldnotberesolvedonsummaryjudgment.Aplaintiffbearstheriskofnoneconomicdamagescausedbydefendantsshedoesnotue.Vollarov.Lispi2014224al.App.4th93Defendantrear-endedthecarinwhichplaintiwasapassener.Inplaintispersonalinjurysuitdefendantaruedthatthedriverofthecarinwhichplaintiwasridinhadbeennelientinstoppinshort.Defendantrequestedtheverdictformpermitanallocationoffaulttothedriverwhoplaintihadnotsuedbutthetrialcourtdeniedtherequest.ejuryreturnedaplaintisverdictincludin86000ineconomicdamaesand575000innoneconomicdamaes.Defendantappealedthetrialcourtsfailuretopermitthejurytoallocatefaulttothedriver.OnappealtheCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourreversed.UnderProposition51thedriverhadnoliabilitytoplaintifornoneconomicdamaesattributabletothedriver.Becauseshedidnotsuethedriverplaintiboretheentireriskoflossofnoneconomicdamaesthatmihtbeattributabletothedriveraerremandforaretrialonapportionmentoffault.SeealsoChaudhryv.CityofLosAngeles9thCir.2014__F.3d__CodeofCivilProcedure377.34whichprohibitspre-deathpainandsuerindamaesinsurvivalactionslimitsrecoverytooseverelytobeconsistentwiththedeterrencepolicyunderlyin42U.S.C.1983andsodoesnotapplyto1983claimswherethedecedentsdeathwascausedbyaviolationoffederallaw.Two-yearstatuteoflimitationsunderCodeofCivilProcedure335.1mayapplytomaliciousprosecutionclaimsagainstlawyers.RogerClevelandGolfCo.Inc.v.KraneSmithAPC2014225al.A.4th660Inthismaliciousprosecutionactiontrialcourtdismissedtheplaintislawsuitagainstitsformerattorneysundertheanti-SLAPPstatute.etrialcourtfoundthattheplaintiscomplaintwasuntimelybecausetheone-yearstatuteoflimitationsinCodeofCivilProcedure340.6subdivisionaappliedtothemaliciousprosecutionclaimandthelimitationsperiodcontinuedtorunduringthetimetheunderlyingactionwasonappeal.Plaintiappealed.continuedfrompageiiicontinuedonpagev Volume22014verdictgreensheetsveCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.reeheldthatsection340.6subdivisionawhichprovidesafour-yearstatuteoflimitationsformalpracticeactionsthatisnottolledduringthependencyofanappealdoesnotapplytomaliciousprosecutionclaimsagainstlawyers.DecliningtofollowearliercasesonthesubjecttheCourtheldthattheapplicablestatuteoflimitationsissuppliedbyCodeofCivilProcedure335.1whichprovidesforatwo-yearstatuteoflimitationsthatistolledduringthependencyofanappeal.eCourtofAppealnonethelessarmedthedismissalonthegroundthattheplaintihadfailedtomakeaminimalshowingthattheattorneysactedwithmalice.Theconsumerexpectationstestappliestofailureofanautomobiledriversseatinahigh-speedcollision.Rominev.JohnsonControlsInc.2014224Cal.App.4th990eplaintisueredsevereinjurieswhenherseatbrokefreeofitsoormountingsandcollapsedbackwardinarear-endcollision.Shesuedtheseatmanufacturerforstrictproductsliabilityonadesigndefecttheory.etrialcourtinstructedthejuryusingtheconsumerexpectationstestwhethertheproductperformedassafelyasanordinaryconsumerwouldexpectwhenusedinanintendedandreasonablyforeseeablemanner.edefendantarguedthatinstructionwasimproperandthecourtshouldhaveusedtheriskbenettestforstrictliabilityi.e.whetherthebenetsofthechallengeddesignoutweightheriskofdangerinherentinthedesign.edefendantalsoarguedthatitwasentitledtoaninstructionifnotjudgmentonitscomponentpartssupplierdefensewhichapplieswhenacomponentparthasbeenincorporatedintoanishedproduct.Finallythedefendantargueditwasentitledtoanapportionmentoffaultforothercomponentpartmanufacturerswhoseproductsalsocontributedtoplaintisinjuries.etrialcourtdeniedtheserequestsandthejuryreturnedasubstantialplaintisverdict.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fivearmedinpartandreversedinpart.ecourtheldthatuseoftheconsumerexpectationstestwasappropriatebecauseconsumershaveexpectationsaboutwhetheravehiclesdriverseatwillcollapserearwardinarear-endcollisionregardlessofthespeedofthecollision.isholdingdeepenstheconfusionamongappellatecourtsconcerningproperapplicationoftheconsumerexpectationstest.ecourtalsorejectedthedefendantscomponentpartsupplierdefenseonthegroundtheseatwasnotacomponentpartbecauseitwasnotagenericfungiblemulti-useoro-the-shelfcomponentpartandinstead...wasaseparateproductwithaspecicpurposeanduseinthecompletedvehicle.ecourtdidagreehoweverthatthedefendantwasentitledtoseekanapportionmentoffaulttoothercomponentpartsmanufacturersandremandedforalimitedretrialonthatissue.Sophisticateduserdoctrineisacompletedefensetoasbestosclaimsonlywheretheplaintiffknewofthedangersofasbestoswhenherststartedworkingwithit.Scottv.FordMotorCompany2014224Cal.App.4th1492eplaintiwhoworkedasanautomobilemechanicstartinginthe1960ssuedover30defendantsforasbestos-relatedinjuries.BythetimeoftrialFordMotorCo.wasthelastdefendantstanding.eplainticlaimedFordfailedtowarnabouttherisksofasbestosexposurefromperformingbrakeworkandsoughtcompensatoryandpunitivedamages.etrialcourtgrantedFordsmotiontostrikethepunitivedamagesclaimonthegroundthatMichiganlawappliedandunderMichiganlawpunitivedamagesarenotavailable.ecasewenttotrialonthecompensatorydamagesclaimandthejuryreturnedaverdictinplaintisfavorndingFord22atfaultplainti19atfaultandvariousotherpartiesatfaultfortheremainder.Fordappealedonvariousgroundsincludingthatplaintishouldhavebeendeemedasophisticateduserandplaintiappealedtheeliminationofhispunitivedamagesclaim.eCourtofAppealFirstDist.Div.OneheldthatthetrialcourtproperlyrefusedtoenterjudgmentforFordonitssophisticateduserdefense.InorderforthesophisticateduserdoctrinetoprovideacompletedefensetoplaintisclaimsFordwasrequiredtoshowthatservicestationownerskneworshouldhaveknownoftherisksofvehiclerepairexposuretoasbestosfromthemid-1960sonandtherewasnoevidenceofplaintisknowledgeuntilatleastthe1970s.ejurysndingthattheplaintiwas19atfaultmerelymeantthatthejurymusthaveconcludedatsomepointtheplaintigainedsucientknowledgetoprotecthimselfandnotthatFordwasentitledtoacompletedefense.Withrespecttoplaintiscross-appealtheCourtofAppealreversed.ApplyingCaliforniasgovernmentalinterestsanalysistochoice-of-lawthecourtheldthatMichigandidnothaveaninterestinhavingitslawappliedinCaliforniacourtstoinjuriesoccurringfromexposuresinCalifornia.Medicalcareprovidersfullbillsdonotnecessarilyrepresentthereasonablevalueofmedicalservices.ChildrensHospitalCentralCaliforniav.BlueCrossofCalifornia2014226Cal.App.4th1260petitionforreviewpendingBlueCrosspaidtheplaintihospitalabout4.2millionformedicalservicesthehospitalrenderedtoBlueCrossenrolleesbeforethehospitalhadacontractwithBlueCross.ehospitalsoughttorecoveradditionalamountsbylingsuitforthereasonableandcustomaryvalueofitsservicesasauthorizedbyregulation.Attrialthecourtadmittedevidenceofthehospitalsfullbilledchargesof10.8millionbutexcludedevidenceofthelesseramountsithadhistoricallyacceptedaspayment.eCourtofAppealreversedFihDist.reversed.UnderHowellv.HamiltonMeatsProvisionsInc.201152Cal.4th541amedicalcareprovidersbilledpriceforparticularservicesisnotnecessarilyrepresentativeofeitherthecostofprovidingthoseservicesortheirmarketvalue.etrialcourterredbyexcludingevidenceofthehistoricalpaidamountsbecausethereasonablevalueofthehospitalsmedicalservicesmustbedeterminedaerconsideringallfactorsincludingtheamountsthehospitalacceptsaspaymentforitsservices.continuedfrompageivVoume22014erictgreenseetseCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.reeheldthatsection340.6subdivisionawhichprovidesafour-yearstatuteoflimitationsformalpracticeactionsthatisnottolledduringthependencyofanappealdoesnotapplytomaliciousprosecutionclaimsagainstlawyers.DecliningtofollowearliercasesonthesubjecttheCourtheldthattheapplicablestatuteoflimitationsissuppliedbyCodeofCivilProcedure335.1whichprovidesforatwo-yearstatuteoflimitationsthatistolledduringthependencyofanappeal.eCourtofAppealnonethelessarmedthedismissalonthegroundthattheplaintihadfailedtomakeaminimalshowingthattheattorneysactedwithmalice.Theconsumerexpectationstestappliestofailureofanautomobiledriversseatinahigh-speedcollision.Rominev.JohnsonControlsInc.2014224al.App.4th990eplaintisueredsevereinjurieswhenherseatbrokefreeofitsoormountingsandcollapsedbackwardinarear-endcollision.Shesuedtheseatmanufacturerforstrictproductsliabilityonadesigndefecttheory.etrialcourtinstructedthejuryusingtheconsumerexpectationstestwhethertheproductperformedassafelyasanordinaryconsumerwouldexpectwhenusedinanintendedandreasonablyforeseeablemanner.edefendantarguedthatinstructionwasimproperandthecourtshouldhaveusedtheriskbenettestforstrictliabilityi.e.whetherthebenetsofthechallengeddesignoutweightheriskofdangerinherentinthedesign.edefendantalsoarguedthatitwasentitledtoaninstructionifnotjudgmentonitscomponentpartssupplierdefensewhichapplieswhenacomponentparthasbeenincorporatedintoanishedproduct.Finallythedefendantargueditwasentitledtoanapportionmentoffaultforothercomponentpartmanufacturerswhoseproductsalsocontributedtoplaintisinjuries.etrialcourtdeniedtheserequestsandthejuryreturnedasubstantialplaintisverdict.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fivearmedinpartandreversedinpart.ecourtheldthatuseoftheconsumerexpectationstestwasappropriatebecauseconsumershaveexpectationsaboutwhetheravehiclesdriverseatwillcollapserearwardinarear-endcollisionregardlessofthespeedofthecollision.isholdingdeepenstheconfusionamongappellatecourtsconcerningproperapplicationoftheconsumerexpectationstest.ecourtalsorejectedthedefendantscomponentpartsupplierdefenseonthegroundtheseatwasnotacomponentpartbecauseitwasnotagenericfungiblemulti-useoro-the-shelfcomponentpartandinstead...wasaseparateproductwithaspecicpurposeanduseinthecompletedvehicle.ecourtdidagreehoweverthatthedefendantwasentitledtoseekanapportionmentoffaulttoothercomponentpartsmanufacturersandremandedforalimitedretrialonthatissue.Sophisticateduserdoctrineisacompletedefensetoasbestosclaimsonlywheretheplaintiffknewofthedangersofasbestoswhenherststartedworkingwithit.Scottv.FordMotorCompany2014224al.App.4th1492eplaintiwhoworkedasanautomobilemechanicstartininthe1960ssuedover30defendantsforasbestos-relatedinjuries.BythetimeoftrialFordMotorCo.wasthelastdefendantstanding.eplainticlaimedFordfailedtowarnabouttherisksofasbestosexposurefromperformingbrakeworkandsoughtcompensatoryandpunitivedamages.etrialcourtgrantedFordsmotiontostrikethepunitivedamagesclaimonthegroundthatMichiganlawappliedandunderMichiganlawpunitivedamagesarenotavailable.ecasewenttotrialonthecompensatorydamagesclaimandthejuryreturnedaverdictinplaintisfavorndingFord22atfaultplainti19atfaultandvariousotherpartiesatfaultfortheremainder.Fordappealedonvariousgroundsincludingthatplaintishouldhavebeendeemedasophisticateduserandplaintiappealedtheeliminationofhispunitivedamaesclaim.eCourtofAppealFirstDist.Div.OneheldthatthetrialcourtproperlyrefusedtoenterjudmentforFordonitssophisticateduserdefense.InorderforthesophisticateduserdoctrinetoprovideacompletedefensetoplaintisclaimsFordwasrequiredtoshowthatservicestationownerskneworshouldhaveknownoftherisksofvehiclerepairexposuretoasbestosfromthemid-1960sonandtherewasnoevidenceofplaintisknowledgeuntilatleastthe1970s.ejurysndingthattheplaintiwas19atfaultmerelymeantthatthejurymusthaveconcludedatsomepointtheplaintigainedsucientknowledgetoprotecthimselfandnotthatFordwasentitledtoacompletedefense.Withrespecttoplaintiscross-appealtheCourtofAppealreversed.ApplyingCaliforniasgovernmentalinterestsanalysistochoice-of-lawthecourtheldthatMichigandidnothaveaninterestinhavingitslawappliedinCaliforniacourtstoinjuriesoccurringfromexposuresinCalifornia.Medicalcareprovidersfullbillsdonotnecessarilyrepresentthereasonablevalueofmedicalservices.ChildrensHospitalCentralCaliforniav.BlueCrossofaliforni2014226al.App.4th1260petitionforreviewpendingBlueCrosspaidtheplaintihospitalabout4.2millionformedicalservicesthehospitalrenderedtoBlueCrossenrolleesbeforethehospitalhadacontractwithBlueCross.ehospitalsouhttorecoveradditionalamountsbylinsuitforthereasonableandcustomaryvalueofitsservicesasauthorizedbyreulation.Attrialthecourtadmittedevidenceofthehospitalsfullbilledcharesof10.8millionbutexcludedevidenceofthelesseramountsithadhistoricallyacceptedaspayment.eCourtofAppealreversedFihDist.reversed.UnderHowellv.HamiltonMeatsProvisionsInc.201152Cal.4th541amedicalcareprovidersbilledpriceforparticularservicesisnotnecessarilyrepresentativeofeitherthecostofprovidinthoseservicesortheirmarketvalue.etrialcourterredbyexcludinevidenceofthehistoricalpaidamountsbecausethereasonablevalueofthehospitalsmedicalservicesmustbedeterminedaerconsiderinallfactorsincludintheamountsthehospitalacceptsaspaymentforitsservices.continuedfrompageiv viverdictgreensheetsVolume22014AttorneyFeesandCostsTrialcourtsmaynotawardattorneyfeesbasedonanincamerareviewoftheattorneysbillsthatdeprivestheopposingpartyoftheopportunitytoreviewandchallengetheclaimedfees.Concepcionv.AmscanHoldingsInc.2014223Cal.App.4th1309PlaintisledseveralclassactionslaterconsolidatedundertheSong-BeverlyCreditCardActtochallengedefendantPartyCityscollectionofcustomerzipcodestocompletecreditcardtransactions.epartiessettledandclasscounselsoughtafeeawardof350000.etrialcourtreviewedclasscounselsbillingrecordsincameraandgrantedthefeeaward.PartyCityappealedarguingthatthetrialcourtsrelianceonanincamerareviewofrecordsthatPartyCityhadnoopportunitytorevieworchallengewasunfairandadenialofdueprocess.eCourtofAppealSecond.Dist.Div.Sevenreversedandremandedforreconsiderationofthefeeaward.Awardingfeesbasedonanincamerareviewthataordedthedefendantnochancetoexaminethebillsandchallengewhethertheysupportedtherequestedamountoffeeswasimproper.LaborandEmploymentUndocumentedworkersmaybringemploymentdiscriminationclaims.Salasv.SierraChemicalCo.201459Cal.4th407Plaintiaseasonalworkerwhoinjuredhisbackwhileliingcratesatdefendantswarehousewasnotrehiredforanewseasonbecausehedidnotobtainclearancefromhisdoctortoresumework.Plaintisuedhisemployerforfailuretoprovidereasonableaccommodationsandretaliation.Aerdiscoveringevidencethatplaintihadobtainhisjobthroughprovisionofafalsesocialsecuritynumbertheemployermovedforsummaryjudgmentinlightofaer-acquiredevidenceandplaintisuncleanhands.etrialcourtgrantedthemotionandtheCourtofAppealarmed.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtreversed.AsathresholdmatterSenateBillNo.1818whichextendsstateemploymentlawprotectionstoemployeesregardlessofimmigrationstatuswasnotpreemptedbyfederalimmigrationlawexcepttotheextentitwouldauthorizeanawardofdamagesforlostpayaertheemployerdiscoversanemployeesineligibilitytoworkintheUnitedStates.Acontraryresultwouldencourageemployerstolooktheotherwayandtherebygainanabilitytoexploitemployeeslikeplaintiandevadethestateswagehourandanti-discriminationlawstherebyunderminingfederalimmigrationpolicyandstateemploymentpolicy.eCourtnextheldthatthedoctrinesofaer-acquiredevidenceanduncleanhandswerenotcompletedefensestotheemployeesclaimswherethereweretriableissuesthattheemployerwasonnoticeoftheinvalidityoftheemployeessocialsecuritynumberanddidnotterminateplainti.eCourtdidholdhoweverthatthetrialcourtcouldconsideruncleanhandsinfashioninganyequitableremedy.ContractualprovisionsseekingtolimitthetimeforemployeestobringFEHAclaimsarevoidasagainstpublicpolicy.Ellisv.U.S.SecurityAssociates2014224Cal.App.4th1213eplaintiafemalesecurityguardwassexuallyharassedbyhersupervisor.ShecomplainedtotheCaliforniaDepartmentofFairEmploymentandHousingandreceivedaright-to-sueletterandtimelybroughtsuitundertheFairEmploymentandHousingActFEHA.Telyingonaprovisionintheemploymentapplicationpurportingtolimittheemployeetobringingsuitwithinsixmonthsofthedateoftheadverseemploymentactiontheemployermovedforjudgmentonthepleadings.etrialcourtgrantedthemotion.eCourtofAppealFirstDist.Div.Tworeversedholdingthecontractualsuitlimitunreasonableandagainstpublicpolicy.FEHAhasparticularprovisionsgoverningthetimingforemployeestoreportmisconductexhausttheiradministrativeremediesandthenbringclaims.atthestatutoryschemeandthepublicpolicybehinditwouldbeunderminedifemployerscouldshortenthetimeinwhichaggrievedemployeescouldsue.Insurersfailuretonotifybuilderofwaterdamagecausedbyconstructiondefectrelievesthebuilderofliabilityforrepaircosts.KBHomeGreaterLosAngelesInc.v.SuperiorCourtAllstateInsuranceCompany2014223Cal.App.4th1471Aninsurerrepairedwaterdamagetoitsinsuredshomecausedbyaconstructiondefect.einsurerthenbroughtasubrogationactiontorecoverthecostsofrepairfromthehomebuilder.ebuildermovedforsummaryjudgmentcitingtheRighttoRepairActCivilCode895etseq.whichrequiresthatabuilderreceivenoticeofdamagecausedbyaconstructiondefectbeforerepairsaremade.etrialcourtdeniedthemotion.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourissuedawritofmandatedirectingthetrialcourttoentersummaryjudgmentforthebuilder.UndertheRighttoRepairActsprelitigationprocedureswhicharedesignedtoresolveconstructiondefectclaimsinanon-adversarialmannerreasonablenoticemustbegiventoabuilderbeforerepairsaremadetoahousesubjecttotheactbeforeaclaimmaybemadeagainstthebuilder.einsurersfailuretoprovidesuchnoticedeprivedthebuilderofitsrighttoinspectandrepairthedefectsthusrelievingthebuilderofliability.ecourtrejectedtheinsurersargumentthatthenoticeprovisionsdidnotapplywhenthedefectscausedpropertydamage.ecourtdeclinedtoexplainwhatwouldconstitutereasonablenoticewhenemergencyrepairsareneededthecourtwassatisedthatbuildershaveanincentivetoactquicklyinsuchcasesbecauseafailuretodosowouldincreasethebuildersexposuretoconsequentialdamages.ButseeBurchv.SuperiorCourtPremierHomesLLC2014223Cal.App.4th1411RighttoRepairActCivilCode.895doesnotprovidetheexclusiveremedyfordamagesforconstructiondefectsthatcausespropertydamagesoplainticouldsuebuilderfornegligenceandbreachofimpliedwarrantyierictgreenseetsVoume22014AttorneyFeesandCostsTrialcourtsmaynotawardattorneyfeesbasedonanincamerareviewoftheattorneysbillsthatdeprivestheopposingpartyoftheopportunitytoreviewandchallengetheclaimedfees.Concepcionv.AmscanHoldingsInc.2014223al.App.4th1309PlaintisledseveralclassactionslaterconsolidatedundertheSong-BeverlyCreditCardActtochallengedefendantPartyCityscollectionofcustomerzipcodestocompletecreditcardtransactions.epartiessettledandclasscounselsoughtafeeawardof350000.etrialcourtreviewedclasscounselsbillingrecordsincameraandgrantedthefeeaward.PartyCityappealedarguingthatthetrialcourtsrelianceonanincamerareviewofrecordsthatPartyCityhadnoopportunitytorevieworchallengewasunfairandadenialofdueprocess.eCourtofAppealSecond.Dist.Div.Sevenreversedandremandedforreconsiderationofthefeeaward.Awardinfeesbasedonanincamerareviewthataordedthedefendantnochancetoexaminethebillsandchallenewhethertheysupportedtherequestedamountoffeeswasimproper.LaborandEmploymentUndocumentedworkersmaybringemploymentdiscriminationclaims.Salasv.SierraChemicalCo.201459al.4th407Plaintiaseasonalworkerwhoinjuredhisbackwhileliincratesatdefendantswarehousewasnotrehiredforanewseasonbecausehedidnotobtainclearancefromhisdoctortoresumework.Plaintisuedhisemployerforfailuretoprovidereasonableaccommodationsandretaliation.Aerdiscoverinevidencethatplaintihadobtainhisjobthrouhprovisionofafalsesocialsecuritynumbertheemployermovedforsummaryjudmentinlihtofaer-acquiredevidenceandplaintisuncleanhands.etrialcourtrantedthemotionandtheCourtofAppealarmed.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtreversed.AsathresholdmatterSenateBillNo.1818whichextendsstateemploymentlawprotectionstoemployeesregardlessofimmigrationstatuswasnotpreemptedbyfederalimmigrationlawexcepttotheextentitwouldauthorizeanawardofdamagesforlostpayaertheemployerdiscoversanemployeesineligibilitytoworkintheUnitedStates.Acontraryresultwouldencourageemployerstolooktheotherwayandtherebygainanabilitytoexploitemployeeslikeplaintiandevadethestateswagehourandanti-discriminationlawstherebyunderminingfederalimmigrationpolicyandstateemploymentpolicy.eCourtnextheldthatthedoctrinesofaer-acquiredevidenceanduncleanhandswerenotcompletedefensestotheemployeesclaimswherethereweretriableissuesthattheemployerwasonnoticeoftheinvalidityoftheemployeessocialsecuritynumberanddidnotterminateplainti.eCourtdidholdhoweverthatthetrialcourtcouldconsideruncleanhandsinfashioninganyequitableremedy.ContractualprovisionsseekingtolimitthetimeforemployeestobringFEHAclaimsarevoidasagainstpublicpolicy.Ellisv.U.S.SecurityAssociates2014224al.App.4th1213eplaintiafemalesecurityuardwassexuallyharassedbyhersupervisor.ShecomplainedtotheCaliforniaDepartmentofFairEmploymentandHousingandreceivedaright-to-sueletterandtimelybroughtsuitundertheFairEmploymentandHousingActFEHA.Telyingonaprovisionintheemploymentapplicationpurportingtolimittheemployeetobringingsuitwithinsixmonthsofthedateoftheadverseemploymentactiontheemployermovedforjudgmentonthepleadings.etrialcourtgrantedthemotion.eCourtofAppealFirstDist.Div.Tworeversedholdingthecontractualsuitlimitunreasonableandagainstpublicpolicy.FEHAhasparticularprovisionsgoverningthetimingforemployeestoreportmisconductexhausttheiradministrativeremediesandthenbringclaims.atthestatutoryschemeandthepublicpolicybehinditwouldbeunderminedifemployerscouldshortenthetimeinwhicharievedemployeescouldsue.Insurersfailuretonotifybuilderofwaterdamagecausedbyconstructiondefectrelievesthebuilderofliabilityforrepaircosts.KBHomeGreaterLosAngelesInc.v.SuperiorCourtAllstateInsuranceCompany2014223al.App.4th1471Aninsurerrepairedwaterdamagetoitsinsuredshomecausedbyaconstructiondefect.einsurerthenbroughtasubrogationactiontorecoverthecostsofrepairfromthehomebuilder.ebuildermovedforsummaryjudgmentcitingtheRighttoRepairActCivilCode895etseq.whichrequiresthatabuilderreceivenoticeofdamagecausedbyaconstructiondefectbeforerepairsaremade.etrialcourtdeniedthemotion.eCourtofAppealSecondDist.Div.Fourissuedawritofmandatedirectingthetrialcourttoentersummaryjudgmentforthebuilder.UndertheRighttoRepairActsprelitigationprocedureswhicharedesignedtoresolveconstructiondefectclaimsinanon-adversarialmannerreasonablenoticemustbegiventoabuilderbeforerepairsaremadetoahousesubjecttotheactbeforeaclaimmaybemadeaainstthebuilder.einsurersfailuretoprovidesuchnoticedeprivedthebuilderofitsrihttoinspectandrepairthedefectsthusrelievinthebuilderofliability.ecourtrejectedtheinsurersarumentthatthenoticeprovisionsdidnotapplywhenthedefectscausedpropertydamae.ecourtdeclinedtoexplainwhatwouldconstitutereasonablenoticewhenemerencyrepairsareneededthecourtwassatisedthatbuildershaveanincentivetoactquicklyinsuchcasesbecauseafailuretodosowouldincreasethebuildersexposuretoconsequentialdamaes.ButseeBurchv.SuperiorCourtPremierHomesLLC2014223Cal.App.4th1411RihttoRepairActCivilCode.895doesnotprovidetheexclusiveremedyfordamaesforconstructiondefectsthatcausespropertydamaesoplainticouldsuebuilderfornelienceandbreachofimpliedwarranty Volume22014verdictgreensheetsviiInsuranceAdvertisementsthatdonotspecicallynameanothersproductinadisparagingmannerdonottriggeradutytodefendundercoverageforadvertisinginjury.HartfordCasualtyIns.Co.v.SwiftDistributionInc.201459Cal.4th277eplaintianddefendantbothmadecartsformovingmusicalequipment.eplaintisuedthedefendantforinfringingonhispatentsandtrademarksallegingunfaircompetitionmisleadingadvertisingbreachofcontractandviolationofcertainnondisclosureagreements.Plaintiscomplaintattachedadvertisementsofthedefendantsproductcallingitsuperiorandunique.eadvertisementsdidnotmentiontheplaintisproduct.edefendanttendereddefenseofthelawsuittoitscommercialgeneralliabilityinsurerunderthecoverageforpersonalandadvertisinginjurydenedtoincludetheoenseoforalwrittenorelectronicpublicationofmaterialthat...disparagesapersonsororganizationsgoodsproductsorservices.einsurersoughtdeclaratoryreliefthatithadnodutytodefend.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtunanimouslyfoundfortheinsurer.Aclaimofdisparagementrequiresaplaintitoshowafalseormisleadingstatementthat1specicallyreferstotheplaintisproductorbusinessand2clearlyderogatesthatproductorbusiness.Eachrequirementmustbesatisedbyexpressmentionorbyclearimplication.eadvertisementsgenerallytoutingthatdefendantsproductwassuperiordidnotmeetthistest.eSupremeCourtdisapprovedthecontroversialdecisioninTravelersPropertyCasualtyCompanyofAmericav.CharlotteRusseHoldingInc.2012207Cal.App.4th969whichheldthatunderanidenticaldisparagementclausetheinsurerhadadutytodefendaclothingretaileragainstallegationsthattheretailerdisparagedamanufacturerspremiumapparelbysellingitatsteeplydiscountedprices.Insuranceadjustorsmaybesuedindividuallyforunlawfulclaimshandlingpractices.Bockv.Hansen2014225Cal.App.4th215Atreelimbfellontheplaintishousecausingsignicantdamage.Accordingtotheplaintistheirhomeownersinsuranceadjusterperformedonlyacursoryexaminationofthescenealteredthescenemisrepresentedthecoverageprovidedfortheclaimandengagedinothermisconduct.eplaintissuedtheinsurerforvariousclaimsandsuedtheadjustorpersonallyfornegligentmisrepresentationandintentionalinictionofemotionaldistress.etrialcourtgrantedtheadjustorsdemurrerwithoutleavetoamendholdingthataninsuredcannotsueanadjustordirectly.eCourtofAppealFirstDist.Div.Tworeversedholdingthatanadjustorcanbepersonallysubjecttosuitforconductoccurringinthecourseofadjustingaclaim.ecourtdeterminedthatthenegligentmisrepresentationclaimwasadequatelypleadedandthatwhiletheIIEDclaimwasnotplaintisshouldhavebeengivenleavetoamendtostatesuchaclaim.CasesPendingintheCaliforniaSupremeCourtAddressingwhetherasupplierofrawmaterialsisliabletoworkerswhoareinjuredonthejobwhileusingtherawmaterialsduringmanufacturing.Ramosv.BrenntagSpecialtiesInc.caseno.S218176eplainticontractedpulmonarybrosisfromexposuretothedefendantsmetalandmineralproductsduringworkatametalfoundry.etrialcourtgranteddefendantsdemurrertoplaintisclaimsrelyingonMaxtonv.WesternStatesMetals2012203Cal.App.4th81inwhichtheCourtofAppealheldthatthecomponentpartsdoctrinegenerallyimmunizedasupplierofrawmaterialsotherthanasbestosorotherinherentlydangeroussubstancesfrombothnegligenceandstrictliabilitycausesofactionbyworkerswhoareinjuredwhileusingtherawmaterialsduringthemanufacturingprocess.eCourtofAppealdisagreedwithMaxtonandheldthatthecomponentpartsdoctrinedoesnotshieldaproductsupplierfromliabilitywhenapartyallegesthathesuereddirectinjuryfromusingthesuppliersproductasthesupplierspecicallyintended.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonJuly92014toresolvethesplitinauthority.SeealsoUriartev.ScottSalesCo.2014226Cal.App.4th1396CaseNo.B244257petitionforreviewpendingFollowingRamosandrejectingMaxtontoconcludeplainticouldsuethecompanieswhosuppliedsilicasandtohisemployerforclaimsrelatedtoapulmonaryillnessAddressingthescopeofanydutyowedtoplaintiffsintake-hometoxicexposurecases.Kesnerv.SuperiorCourtPneumoAbexLLCcaseno.S219534Haverv.BNSFRailwaycaseno.S219919Inthesecompaniontake-hometoxicexposurecasesplaintisclaiminjuryfromsubstancescarriedhomefromrelativesworksites.InKesnertheCourtofAppealfoundtheworkersemployerowedadutyofcaretotheplainti.InHavertheCourtofAppealfoundnodutywasowed.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewinbothcasesonAugust202014toanswerthefollowingquestionIfanemployersbusinessinvolveseithertheuseorthemanufactureofasbestos-containingproductsdoestheemployeroweadutyofcaretomembersofanemployeeshouseholdwhocouldbeaectedbyasbestosbroughthomeontheemployeesclothingVoume22014erictgreenseetsviinrnAdvertisementsthatdonotspecicallynameanothersproductinadisparagingmannerdonottriggeradutytodefendundercoverageforadvertisinginjury.HartfordCasualtyIns.Co.v.SwiftDistributionInc.201459al.4th277eplaintianddefendantbothmadecartsformovingmusicalequipment.eplaintisuedthedefendantforinfringingonhispatentsandtrademarksallegingunfaircompetitionmisleadingadvertisingbreachofcontractandviolationofcertainnondisclosureagreements.Plaintiscomplaintattachedadvertisementsofthedefendantsproductcallingitsuperiorandunique.eadvertisementsdidnotmentiontheplaintisproduct.edefendanttendereddefenseofthelawsuittoitscommercialgeneralliabilityinsurerunderthecoverageforpersonalandadvertisinginjurydenedtoincludetheoenseoforalwrittenorelectronicpublicationofmaterialthat...disparaesapersonsororanizationsoodsproductsorservices.einsurersouhtdeclaratoryreliefthatithadnodutytodefend.eCaliforniaSupremeCourtunanimouslyfoundfortheinsurer.Aclaimofdisparaementrequiresaplaintitoshowafalseormisleadinstatementthat1specicallyreferstotheplaintisproductorbusinessand2clearlyderoatesthatproductorbusiness.Eachrequirementmustbesatisedbyexpressmentionorbyclearimplication.eadvertisementsenerallytoutinthatdefendantsproductwassuperiordidnotmeetthistest.eSupremeCourtdisapprovedthecontroversialdecisioninTravelersPropertyCasualtyCompanyofAmericav.CharlotteRusseHoldingInc.2012207Cal.App.4th969whichheldthatunderanidenticaldisparaementclausetheinsurerhadadutytodefendaclothinretaileraainstalleationsthattheretailerdisparaedamanufacturerspremiumapparelbysellinitatsteeplydiscountedprices.Insuranceadjustorsmaybesuedindividuallyforunlawfulclaimshandlingpractices.Bockv.Hansen2014225al.App.4th215Atreelimbfellontheplaintishousecausingsignicantdamage.Accordingtotheplaintistheirhomeownersinsuranceadjusterperformedonlyacursoryexaminationofthescenealteredthescenemisrepresentedthecoverageprovidedfortheclaimandengagedinothermisconduct.eplaintissuedtheinsurerforvariousclaimsandsuedtheadjustorpersonallyfornegligentmisrepresentationandintentionalinictionofemotionaldistress.etrialcourtgrantedtheadjustorsdemurrerwithoutleavetoamendholdingthataninsuredcannotsueanadjustordirectly.eCourtofAppealFirstDist.Div.Tworeversedholdingthatanadjustorcanbepersonallysubjecttosuitforconductoccurringinthecourseofadjustingaclaim.ecourtdeterminedthatthenegligentmisrepresentationclaimwasadequatelypleadedandthatwhiletheIIEDclaimwasnotplaintisshouldhavebeengivenleavetoamendtostatesuchaclaim.asesPendinintheCaliforniaSupremeCourtAddressingwhetherasupplierofrawmaterialsisliabletoworkerswhoareinjuredonthejobwhileusingtherawmaterialsduringmanufacturing.Ramosv.BrenntagSpecialtiesInc.n.2117eplainticontractedpulmonarybrosisfromexposuretothedefendantsmetalandmineralproductsduringworkatametalfoundry.etrialcourtgranteddefendantsdemurrertoplaintisclaimsrelyingonaxtonv.WesternStatesMetals2012203Cal.App.4th81inwhichtheCourtofAppealheldthatthecomponentpartsdoctrinegenerallyimmunizedasupplierofrawmaterialsotherthanasbestosorotherinherentlydangeroussubstancesfrombothnegligenceandstrictliabilitycausesofactionbyworkerswhoareinjuredwhileusingtherawmaterialsduringthemanufacturingprocess.eCourtofAppealdisareedwithMaxtonandheldthatthecomponentpartsdoctrinedoesnotshieldaproductsupplierfromliabilitywhenapartyalleesthathesuereddirectinjuryfromusinthesuppliersproductasthesupplierspecicallyintended.eSupremeCourtrantedreviewonJuly92014toresolvethesplitinauthority.SeealsoUriartev.ScottSalesCo.2014226Cal.App.4th1396CaseNo.B244257petitionforreviewpendinFollowinRamosandrejectinMaxtontoconcludeplainticouldsuethecompanieswhosuppliedsilicasandtohisemployerforclaimsrelatedtoapulmonaryillnessAddressingthescopeofanydutyowedtoplaintiffsintake-hometoxicexposurecases.Kesnerv.SuperiorCourtPneumoAbexLLCn.21Haverv.BNSFRailwayn.211Inthesecompaniontake-hometoxicexposurecasesplaintisclaiminjuryfromsubstancescarriedhomefromrelativesworksites.InKesnertheCourtofAppealfoundtheworkersemployerowedadutyofcaretotheplainti.InHavertheCourtofAppealfoundnodutywasowed.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewinbothcasesonAugust202014toanswerthefollowingquestionIfanemployersbusinessinvolveseithertheuseorthemanufactureofasbestos-containingproductsdoestheemployeroweadutyofcaretomembersofanemployeeshouseholdwhocouldbeaectedbyasbestosbroughthomeontheemployeesclothing viiiverdictgreensheetsVolume22014AnsweringtheNinthCircuitsquestionwhetherwebsitesareplacesofpublicaccommodation.GreaterLosAngelesAgencyonDeafnessv.CableNewsNetworkcaseno.S216351eGreaterLosAngelesAgencyonDeafnessInc.GLADaskedthatTimeWarnerInc.whichwhollyownsCableNewsNetworkInc.CNNcaptionvideosonitsnewswebsitessuchasCNN.comsothathearing-impairedvisitorscouldhavefullaccesstotheonlinevideos.WhenanagreementcouldnotbereachedGLADsuedallegingviolationsoftheCaliforniaUnruhCivilRightsActandtheCaliforniaDisabledPersonsAct.CNNremovedtheactiontofederalcourtandmovedtostrikeunderCaliforniasanti-SLAPPstatute.eNinthCircuitconcludedthattheactionarosefromconductinfurtheranceofCNNsfreespeechrightsandthatGLADcouldnotproveaprobabilityofprevailingonitsUnruhActclaims.ecourtcertiedtotheCaliforniaSupremeCourtthequestionwhethertheCaliforniaDisabledPersonsActclaimswereviable.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonMarch262014toanswerthefollowingquestionDoestheCaliforniaDisabledPersonsActsreferencetoplacesofpublicaccommodationCiv.Code54.1subd.a1includewebsiteswhicharenon-physicalplacesAddressingwhetherelectroniccommunicationsinpublicemployeespersonalaccountsontheirpersonaldevicesarepublicrecords.CityofSanJosev.SuperiorCourtSmithcaseno.S218066eplaintisubmittedarequesttotheCityseekingspecicpublicrecordsincludingconversationsbetweenpublicocialsontheirprivatecellphonesore-mailaccounts.eCitydeniedtherequestarguingtheyarenotpublicrecordsundertheCaliforniaPublicRecordsActCPRAGovernmentCode6250etseq..eplaintiobtainedsummaryjudgmentdeclaringhisrighttoaccesstherecords.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.reversedholdingCPRAdoesnotrequirepublicaccesstocommunicationsbetweenpublicocialswhoexclusivelyusedtheirprivatecellphonesore-mail.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonJune252014toanswerthefollowingquestionArewrittencommunicationspertainingtocitybusinessincludingemailandtextmessageswhichaaresentorreceivedbypublicocialsandemployeesontheirprivateelectronicdevicesusingtheirprivateaccountsbarenotstoredoncityserversandcarenotdirectlyaccessiblebythecitypublicrecordswithinthemeaningoftheCaliforniaPublicRecordsActAddressingtheextentoffederalpreemptionofstatelawsgoverninglabelingoforganicfoods.Quesadav.HerbThymeFarmscaseno.S216305isclass-actionlawsuitallegedthatthedefendantmislabeledpackagesthatcontainedbothorganicandconventionallygrownherbsasUSDAOrganicthusviolatingtheConsumerLegalRemediesActUnfairCompetitionLawandfalseadvertisinglawsofCalifornia.etrialcourtdismissedtheclaimsndingpreemptionunderthefederalOrganicFoodsProductionActOFPA7U.S.C.6501etseq.whichsetsnationalstandardsforthesaleandlabelingoforganicagriculturalproductsanddoesnotauthorizeprivateenforcementactions.OnappealtheplainticlassassertedanewtheoryofliabilityandallegedthattheirclaimsweresolelygroundedonthedefendantsviolationoftheCaliforniaOrganicProductsActCOPAFoodAgricultureCode46000etseq.HealthSafetyCode110810etseq.whichcodiedCaliforniasfederallyapprovedstateorganicprogram.eCourtofAppealheldtheplaintisclaimswerepreemptedreasoningthatenactingOFPAandinapprovingstateorganicprogramslikeCOPACongressintendedtoachieveanationalstandardoftheuseoforganicinfoodlabelsenforceablethroughadministrativeratherthanprivatelegalaction.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonApril302014limitedtothefollowingissueWhetherOFPApreemptsstateconsumerlawsuitsallegingthatafoodproductwasfalselylabeled100OrganicwhenitcontainedingredientsthatwerenotcertiedorganicunderCOPA.Addressingwhetherasettlemententeredorallyontherecordconstitutesanetmonetaryrecoverytotheplaintiffforcostspurposes.DeSaullesv.CommunityHospitaloftheMontereyPeninsulacaseno.S219236Inthisemploymentcasesomeoftheplaintisclaimsweresettledbya23500paymentagreedtoorallyontherecordpursuanttoCodeofCivilProcedure664.6whileotherswerevoluntarydismissedorsummarilyadjudicated.Plaintididnotabandonthecausesofactionthatwereresolvedbysummaryadjudicationandappealedthoserulingsbutultimatelylostonappeal.etrialcourtawardedthedefendantmandatoryprevailingpartycostsunderCodeofCivilProcedure1032.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.reversedthecostawardtothedefendantandorderedmandatoryprevailingpartycostsbeawardedtotheplaintiinstead.ecourtreasonedthatthesettlemententeredorallybeforethecourtconstitutedasettlementaccomplishedthroughlegalprocessandthereforeconstitutedanetmonetaryrecoveryforpurposesofdeterminingwhowastheprevailingpartyentitledtorecovercosts.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonJuly23toanswerthefollowingquestionWhenplaintidismissedheractioninexchangeforthedefendantspaymentofamonetarysettlementwasshetheprevailingpartyforpurposesofanawardofcostsunderCodeofCivilProceduresection1032subdivisiona4becauseshewasthepartywithanetmonetaryrecoveryorwasdefendanttheprevailingpartybecauseitwasadefendantinwhosefavoradismissalisenterediiierictgreenseetsVoume22014AnsweringtheNinthircuitsquestionwhetherwebsitesareplacesofpublicaccommodation.GreaterLosAngelesAgencyonDeafnessv.CableNewsNetworkcaseno.216351eGreaterLosAnelesAencyonDeafnessInc.GLADaskedthatTimeWarnerInc.whichwhollyownsCableNewsNetworkInc.CNNcaptionvideosonitsnewswebsitessuchasCNN.comsothathearing-impairedvisitorscouldhavefullaccesstotheonlinevideos.WhenanagreementcouldnotbereachedGLADsuedallegingviolationsoftheCaliforniaUnruhCivilRightsActandtheCaliforniaDisabledPersonsAct.CNNremovedtheactiontofederalcourtandmovedtostrikeunderCaliforniasanti-SLAPPstatute.eNinthCircuitconcludedthattheactionarosefromconductinfurtheranceofCNNsfreespeechrightsandthatGLADcouldnotproveaprobabilityofprevailingonitsUnruhActclaims.ecourtcertiedtotheCaliforniaSupremeCourtthequestionwhethertheCaliforniaDisabledPersonsActclaimswereviable.eSupremeCourtrantedreviewonMarch262014toanswerthefollowinquestionDoestheCaliforniaDisabledPersonsActsreferencetoplacesofpublicaccommodationCiv.Code54.1subd.a1includewebsiteswhicharenon-physicalplacesAddressingwhetherelectroniccommunicationsinpublicemployeespersonalaccountsontheirpersonaldevicesarepublicrecords.CityofSanJosev.SuperiorCourtSmithn.21eplaintisubmittedarequesttotheCityseekingspecicpublicrecordsincludingconversationsbetweenpublicocialsontheirprivatecellphonesore-mailaccounts.eCitydeniedtherequestarguingtheyarenotpublicrecordsundertheCaliforniaPublicecordsActCPRAGovernmentCode6250etseq..eplaintiobtainedsummaryjudgmentdeclaringhisrighttoaccesstherecords.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.reversedholdingPRAdoesnotrequirepublicaccesstocommunicationsbetweenpublicocialswhoexclusivelyusedtheirprivatecellphonesore-mail.eSupremeCourtrantedreviewonJune252014toanswerthefollowinquestionArewrittencommunicationspertainintocitybusinessincludinemailandtextmessaeswhichaaresentorreceivedbypublicocialsandemployeesontheirprivateelectronicdevicesusintheirprivateaccountsbarenotstoredoncityserversandcarenotdirectlyaccessiblebythecitypublicrecordswithinthemeaninoftheCaliforniaPublicRecordsActAddressingtheextentoffederalpreemptionofstatelawsgoverninglabelingoforganicfoods.Quesadav.HerbThymeFarmsn.21isclass-actionlawsuitalleedthatthedefendantmislabeledpackaesthatcontainedbothoranicandconventionallyrownherbsasUSDAOranicthusviolatintheConsumerLealRemediesActUnfairCompetitionLawandfalseadvertisinglawsofCalifornia.etrialcourtdismissedtheclaimsndingpreemptionunderthefederalOrganicFoodsProductionActOFPA7U.S.C.6501etseq.whichsetsnationalstandardsforthesaleandlabelingoforganicagriculturalproductsanddoesnotauthorizeprivateenforcementactions.OnappealtheplainticlassassertedanewtheoryofliabilityandallegedthattheirclaimsweresolelygroundedonthedefendantsviolationoftheCaliforniaOrganicProductsActCOPAFoodAgricultureCode46000etseq.HealthSafetyCode110810etseq.whichcodiedCaliforniasfederallyapprovedstateorganicprogram.eCourtofAppealheldtheplaintisclaimswerepreemptedreasoningthatenactingOFPAandinapprovinstateoranicproramslikeCOPAConressintendedtoachieveanationalstandardoftheuseoforanicinfoodlabelsenforceablethrouhadministrativeratherthanprivatelealaction.eSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonApril302014limitedtothefollowingissueWhetherOFPApreemptsstateconsumerlawsuitsallegingthatafoodproductwasfalselylabeled100OrganicwhenitcontainedingredientsthatwerenotcertiedorganicunderCOPA.Addressingwhetherasettlemententeredorallyontherecordconstitutesanetmonetaryrecoverytotheplaintiffforcostspurposes.DeSaullesv.CommunityHospitaloftheMontereyPeninsulan.212Inthisemploymentcasesomeoftheplaintisclaimsweresettledbya23500paymentagreedtoorallyontherecordpursuanttoCodeofCivilProcedure664.6whileotherswerevoluntarydismissedorsummarilyadjudicated.Plaintididnotabandonthecausesofactionthatwereresolvedbysummaryadjudicationandappealedthoserulingsbutultimatelylostonappeal.etrialcourtawardedthedefendantmandatoryprevailinpartycostsunderCodeofCivilProcedure1032.eCourtofAppealSixthDist.reversedthecostawardtothedefendantandorderedmandatoryprevailinpartycostsbeawardedtotheplaintiinstead.ecourtreasonedthatthesettlemententeredorallybeforethecourtconstitutedasettlementaccomplishedthrouhlealprocessandthereforeconstitutedanetmonetaryrecoveryforpurposesofdetermininwhowastheprevailinpartyentitledtorecovercosts.eSupremeCourtrantedreviewonJuly23toanswerthefollowinquestionWhenplaintidismissedheractioninexchaneforthedefendantspaymentofamonetarysettlementwasshetheprevailinpartyforpurposesofanawardofcostsunderCodeofCivilProceduresection1032subdivisiona4becauseshewasthepartywithanetmonetaryrecoveryorwasdefendanttheprevailinpartybecauseitwasadefendantinwhosefavoradismissalisentered Volume22014verdict21continuedonpage22WhenRobertOlsonthenewPresidentotheAssociationoSouthernCaliorniaDeenseCounselASCDCwantstorelaxandescaperomthepressuresothedayhereadshistory.Whathelikesisthefowochangeandthepotentialorchangingoutcomes.HeseesthatrefectedintheASCDC.Ithasagreathistoryandtraditionsbutitneedstochangewiththetimesaswell.Oneohisrstgoalswhenhistermbeganatthe53rdAnnualSeminarinFebruarywastolaunchamembers-onlylistserv.ListservshavebeenusedbytheplaintisbarandinothergroupsincludingtheNorthernCaliorniadeensecounselorganizationoryears.Itwastimeorustojointhe21stCenturyOlsonsaid.AlthoughtherewereaewbumpsatrstthelistservisrunningTeNewNormalASCDCPresidentRobertA.Olsontalksabouttheyearsnewinitiativeswhilechangesinthecourtscontinuetoimpacthowdefenselawyerspractice.ByCarolShermansmoothlywithabout50percentomembersusingtheservice.Postsrangerominquiriesorexpertreerralstoadviceonhowtohandleaparticularargument.Wheninquiringaboutanindividualsuchasajudgeoropposingcounselmembersshouldrespondbye-mailorphoneandnotapostaccessibletoallusers.Hecountsitasoneohisaccomplishmentstodate.Tereisalsoarecentlystartedopt-inlistservgroupormemberswhopracticeemployment.Ithisissuccessulwemayoerlistservgroupsorotherpracticeareas.Olsonalsoremainsocusedonkeepingmembersbetterinormedespeciallyabouttheongoingchangesinthecourts.Itsachallengingtimeorcivildeenselawyersascourtrestructuringcontinuesinthewakeothestatesbudgetcrisis.Becauseourmembersdonotpracticeinjustonecountyweprovideaconduitorinormationromthelocalcourtstoourmembersandviseversa.WereallyarethevoiceothedeensebarinSouthernCaliornia.OlsonaddedTeresstillalotASCDCisdoingtohelpshapewhatthenewnormalisgoingtobeorhowdeenselawyerspractice.ForexampleOlsonmeetsregularlywithJudgeDanBuckleyormerASCDCmemberandsupervisingjudgeotheLosAngelescivilcourts.ForthemostpartthesysteminLosAngelesCountyhasbeenworkingwell.Butpreliminarymotionsarenotbeingheardinatimelymanner.Demurrersandmotionsorsummary 22verdictVolume22014continuedonpage23judgmentareheardsixtoninemonthsout.Wereworkingwiththecourtstoaddresstheproblem.IneortstobettercommunicatewithmembersOlsonproposedanewAroundTeCountiescolumninVerdictmagazinethatbeganinthelastissue.HelpingtokeepthecourtsrunningiscriticaltoOlson.Itsoneotheoundationsoourreedom.OneotherecentbookshereadInTeGardenOBeastsLoveerrorandanAmericanFamilyinHitlersBerlinbyErikLarsondetailslieinthenewNaziGermanyintheearly1930s.Itprovidesavisionowhathappenswhenundamentallegalnormsbreakdown.SomemightnditunusualthatOlsonanappellatelawyeratGreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLPinLosAngelesisleadingamostlytriallawyerorganization.Ihaveatremendousadmirationortriallawyers.Teydoatremendousjobundergreatpressure.AndIvelearnedthatsuccessultriallawyersareallinterestingpeoplewithbigpersonalities.HeattributeshisinvolvementwithASCDCtoserendipity.Yearsagothen-BoardmemberJeanLawlerinvitedhimtoco-presenttheYearinReviewSummaryofRecentCasesattheAnnualSeminarwithLawlersMurchisonrmpartnerChipFarrell.OlsonandFarrellhavepresentedthatsessionnoworthepast18consecutiveyears.HecreditscloseriendandpastASCDCPresidentLindaMillerSavittwithhisinvolvementontheBoardoDirectorsandattheCommitteelevel.IstartedoutworkingwithPamDunnontheAmicusCommitteeacommitteethatIamhappytosayisnowquiteactive.Whathaskepthimsoinvolvedaretheinterestinglawyershehasmetthoughtheorganization.Olsonwasquicktopointoutthatleadingoneothecountryslargestcivildeensebarorganizationsisnotaone-personjob.WehaveaverygoodteamoofcersmembersotheBoardoDirectorsandcommitteechairswhoareproactivelyreachingouttoeducateandinvolveourmembers.HeespeciallywantstondexpandedwaystoinvolvemembersintheASCDC.Olsoncontinuedfrompage21BobOlsonattributesmuchinhislietohappyaccident.NotoriginallyromSouthernCaliorniahecametoLosAngelesaerlawschoolandaclerkshipnotknowingihewasgoingtostay.AsBobtellsititwasaclassicstoryoboycomestoLosAngelesandmeetsareallycuteandnicegirl.HerecallsthathemethisuturewieGailonSeptember141985ataday-longlegalseminarcalledGettingResultsinLawandMotioninLosAngelesCounty.Gailwasseatednexttome.Practicepointeralktoothersatseminars.BobwentontodevelopathrivingpracticeincivilappealsandGailservesasDeputyGeneralCounselorCityoHopeComprehensiveCancerCenterinDuarte.BobandhisamilyliveinolucaLakeintheSanFernandoValley.BobandGailhavetwoadultchildrennowlivingontheEastCoast.KaitlinOlson23sangtheNationalAnthematthe53rdAnnualSeminarluncheontoherathersgreatadmirationandpride.BobconessesKaitlindidnotinherithersingingabilityromme.Icantsingatall.Temusicaltalentcomesromhermothersside.GailsatherwasasaxophoneplayerintheBigBandsduringthe1940sacomposerandanarrangeromusicorvariousartistsandthemusicproducerorcomposerHenryMancini.ArecentgraduateoStanordKaitlinisaneditorialassistantwithSimonSchusterinNewYorkCity.TeirsonMorgen20isasenioratWakeForestinNorthCarolinastudyingpoliticsinternationalaairsandcommunications.HeaspirestobeMikeBeloteoncehegraduatesOlsonsaidreerringtotheAssociationslegislativeadvocate.Morgencertainlyhasthesmartsandthepeopleskills.WiththekidsoutothehouseBobandGaileelortunatetospendtimewiththeirimmediateneighborstheirnearly90-yearoldmotherswholiveadjacenttoBobandGail.TesonoaU.S.MarineColonelandamotherwithasharpeyeorartanddesignBobgrewupjustoutsideWashingtonDC.Hedescribeshisatheracombatveteranwhopassedawaytwodecadesagoaseasygoingandlow-key.Growingupwithhimtaughtmethatstereotypesdontnecessarilyringtrue.BobhastwooldersistersandayoungerbrotherandspentmostohischildhoodinMcLeanVirginia.WedidspendayearinHawaii.IntalkingwithSanDiegoBoardMemberPeteDoodyitislikelythathisamilymovedintoourhousewhenweleHawaiiwhichisquiteacoincidence.HappyAccidentByCarolA.Shermancontinuedonpage23 Volume22014verdict23continuedonpage24ExpandinguponASCDCsalreadystrongeducationscheduleisoneohisgoals.Severalnewseminarshavebeenaddedthisyeartoreachmembersinavarietyolocations.Seminarsareagreatwaytoreceivevaluableinormationromthedeenseperspectivethatisuseulinthememberspractice.ASCDCisauniqueeducationproviderinSouthernCaliorniabecauseitocusesonhelpingdeenselawyerswincivilcasesnotjustaneutralpresentationoprinciples.AnewgenerallitigationseminarwillbeheldatorreyPinesResortinLaJollainSeptember.Tisseminarwillbeheldeveryotheryearalternatingwiththelong-standingSantaBarbaramedicalliabilityseminaralsoheldinSeptember.Itstopicswillincludedeendingdamagesclaimsandparryingplaintisreptiletactics.Anotherrstwasthewell-attendedseminarheldattheJonathanClubinSantaMonicawherememberswereupdatedontryingmedicaldamagesissuesinthewakeoHowellacaseOlsonsuccessullyarguedbeoretheCaliorniaSupremeCourtonbehaloASCDC.TisyearsseminarschedulealsoincludesthepopularbrownbagluncheswiththejudgesandDecembersalwayswell-attendedconstructiondeectseminarinOrangeCountyandthejudgesreceptioninLosAngeles.HepointedtotheeortsoASCDCsveryactiveAmicusCommitteeandthegoodworkitdoesonbehaloallmembers.OurAmicusCommitteehashadextraordinarysuccess.Teylebriesinimportantcasesandregularlylookatcasesthatcomedownandrequestpublicationorde-publicationorsupportoropposetheCaliorniaSupremeCourtsreviewoacase.OlsonalsonotedtheAssociationspresenceinSacramentowiththeLegislaturethroughtheeortsoadvocateMikeBelote.MikeisnotonlyavoiceinSacramentoormembersbuthesalsoourears.Weknowwhenanissuemaydevelopthatwouldaectourmembersintheireverydaylives.ItsoentimesthesmalldetailsthatimpactLivingclosetoCIAheadquartersinLangleyVirginiaBobrecallsthatmostotheparentsohischildhoodriendsworkedorthegovernment.FollowinggraduationromthelocalpublichighschoolBobattendedRiceUniversityortwoyearsbeoretranserringtoStanordwherehestudiedpoliticalscience.IIcoulddoitoverIwouldmajorinhistoryhesaidadmittingthattobehistrueacademiclove.AerayearworkinginBostonBobreturnedtoCaliorniatoattendStanordLawSchoolandgraduatedin1983.Hespenttheollowingyearclerkingorthen-NinthCircuitUnitedStatesCourtoAppealsJudgeAnthonyKennedyinSacramentodescribingthisexperienceasthebestjobworkingwithatruelegalscholarwithabrilliantmind.OverthenextseveralyearsBobpracticedcivillitigationintheLosAngelesareabuthedidnotndthattobearealtorhiscareerinterests.Bobquithisjobin1987shortlyaerheandGailreturnedromtheirhoneymoon.Gailwasveryunderstanding.WhilebetweenjobsBobrepresentedanactorriendbeingsuedinFederalCourtIdideverythinginthatcaseromtypingthebriestoservingandlingthempersonally.WhenJudgeKennedywasnominatedasAssociateJusticeotheUnitedStatesSupremeCourtin1988heaskedBobandaewotherormerlawclerkstoassistwithpositionpapersinsupportothenomination.AwarmcelebratorythankyouletterromJusticeKennedyisramedinhisofce.Bobwascontemplatingleavinglaworanothercareerpathwhenhestumbleduponthepossibilityoanappellatepractice.HewasoeredapositionwithGreinesMartinSteinRichlandinFall1987andrealizedthatappellatelawwaswhathewantedtodo.Itwasaturningpointinhiscareer.Bobhasbeenwithhisrmornearly27yearsandloveswhathedoes.HeisImmediatePastPresidentotheCaliorniaAcademyoAppellateLawyers.BobhasarguednumerouscasesbeoretheCaliorniaSupremeCourtincludingHowellonbehaloASCDCinadditiontocasesintheNinthCircuitandtheCaliorniaCourtsoAppeal.Hesaysthathisavoritepartoappellatepracticeisoralargumentbutcondesthathisleastavoritepartisthehourbeoreargument.OutsideoworkBobreadshistoryocoursegardenshikesandbicyclesincludinga35-mileloopromhishometotheRoseBowlandback.AbicycleaccidentonColoradoBoulevardinEagleRockresultedinaracturedwristandanear-missheadinjury.TebikehelmetsavedmeandIwouldntridewithoutit.DuringrecoveryBoblearnedtousedictationsowareandhisownpersonalexperiencedealingwithmedicalbillshelpedhimtoprepareorhisSupremeCourtargumentinHowell.Somaybeitwasahappyaccidentaerall.Olsoncontinuedfrompage22 24verdictVolume22014Olsoncontinuedfrompage23lawyersthemosthesaidcitingarecentproposedproceduralchangeinthestatutesspearheadedbyASCDCthatrelatestoschedulingpost-trialmotions.Tisrationalizationoasmallprocedurewillresultinsignicanttimesavingsorcivildeenselawyers.Inmyviewmostlawyersdontliketheadministrativehassleothelawtheywanttoocusonthesubstanceandmerits.OlsonwasespeciallyencouragedbytheinvolvementoyoungerlawyersintheAssociationwhocometogetheratmixersseveraltimesduringtheyear.IdliketocomeupwithadiferentnameortheyounglawyergroupbecauseitsuggeststhattherestousareoldjokedOlson.AtthesametimeattractingnewmemberscontinuestobeachallengebutOlsonremainedoptimistic.Teresanewrealitymanybarassociationsareacingthatimpactsmembership.Attorneyswanttounderstandthevaluetotheirpracticesbyjoining.Myphilosophyisthatiwemakeourselvesuseulmemberswillcome.AslawyersrealizethatmoreandmoretheyareresponsibleorcreatingtheirownproessionallivestheywillrealizehowvaluableASCDCistothemindoingso.Heparticularlyemphasizesthevalueobeingabletonetworktalksocializeandcommunicatewithotherdeenselawyers.Itbringsbenetstotheindividualspracticeanditmakespracticinglawmoreun.Olsonmentionedseveralnewmemberpricinginitiativesinefectthisyearincludingdiscountedmembershipeesorpre-existingnewerlawyerspublicentitylawyersandin-housecounsel.WehavetobemorerelevanttoindividualsanddemonstratehowbecominginvolvedinourAssociationwillosterandenhancetheirpersonalcareers.WhatourAssociationprovidesiseducationalopportunitiessoyoureuponthelawandopportunitiestonetworkwithpeersandmoreexperiencedlawyers.Youcomeawaywithsomuchinormationaboutspecicissuesthatyoumaybeacingnoworintheutureaswellashowtheworldinwhichyouarepracticingworks.AschallengingasitmaybeattimesorcivildeenselawyersOlsonconcludedItsalwaysagoodtimetobeinthisproessioniitswhatyoulovetodo.Itsneveragoodtimeiitsnotyourcalling. Volume22014verdict25OnMay292014theCaliorniaSupremeCourtissueditslong-awaiteddecisioninDuranv.U.S.Bank.InaunanimousdecisiontheSupremeCourtafrmedtheappellatecourtsreversaloanear15millionclassactionjudgmentandsetorthsubstantivestandardsortrialcourtstoollowtodeterminewhetherclasscerticationisappropriateintheaceosignicantindividualquestionsespeciallythoseinvolvedinanemployeemisclassicationclaim.Tetrialcourtsreusaltoadmitdeenseevidencerelatingtoclassmembersoutsidethesamplegrouphadinappropriatelyimpairedthedeendantsabilitytopresentadeenseasaclassactiontrialmanagementplanmustpermitthelitigationorelevantafrmativedeensesevenwhenthesedeensesturnonindividualquestions.Furtherwhilestatisticalsamplingcanbeanappropriatewaytoassessliabilityanddamagesinsomewageandhourclassactionsthetrialcourtsacceptanceotheplaintisapproachtosamplingwasprooundlyawedbecauseamongotherthingsthesamplesize1wastoosmall2wasnotrandomand3involvedanintolerablylargemarginoerroro43.3.Atrialplanthatreliesonstatisticalsamplingmustbedevelopedwithexpertinputandmustaordthedeendantanopportunitytoimpeachthemodelorotherwiseshowitsliabilityisreduced.DuranistherstcasetoconsiderthenowprevalentuseostatisticalevidencebyclassactionpartiesattheclasscerticationstageandattrialandrepresentsasignicantvictoryorCaliorniaemployersindeendingwageandhourclassactions.I.Background.A.Tetrialcourtcertiedaclassbasedonplaintifsallegationsounpaidovertimeattributedtomisclassicationasexemptemployeesundertheoutsidesalespersonexception.DeendantU.S.BankNationalAssociationUSBUSBwasanationwidenancialservicesproviderwhooperatedover130branchesinCaliornia.PlaintiswereUSBemployeeswhoworkedasbusinessbankingofcersBBOs.BBOssoldbankproductsincludingloansandlinesocredittosmallbusinesscustomersandtheirprimaryjobwastocultivatenewbusiness.USBhadclassiedtheBBOpositionasexemptromovertimecompensationprimarilybasedontheoutsidesalespersonexemptioninLaborCode1171.2.Tisexemptionappliestoemployeeswhospendmorethan50percentotheworkdayengagedinsalesactivitiesoutsidetheofce.Ramirezv.YosemiteWaterCo.199920Cal.4th785Ramirez.PlaintisallegedtheBBOsatUSBankweremisclassied.AtsupportoclasscerticationPlaintisprovideddeclarationsor34currentandormerBBOs.InturnUSBprovideddeclarationsrom83putativeclassmembers75owhichstatedtheytypicallyspent50ormoreotheirworkdayengagedinoutsidesales.DespiteoppositionbyUSBthetrialcourtcertiedtheclassrelyingonSav-OnDrugStoresInc.v.SuperiorCourt200434Cal.4th319Sav-On.Tetrialcourtoundcommonquestionsolawandactpredominatedoverindividualissuesbasedonevidencethat1theBBOpositionwasstandardized2USBclassiedallBBOsasexemptwithoutexaminingeachemployeesdutiesorworkhabitsand3USBailedtotrainormonitorBBOstoensurethatexemptionrequirementsweresatised.TeclasswasultimatelydenedasallCaliornia-basedBBOswhoworkedovertimeorUSBatanytimeduringtheperiodromDecember261997untilDuranv.U.S.BankDevelopingaTrialManagementPlanthatHighlightsIndividualDefensesinClassActionsandtheProblemsAssociatedwithStatisticalSamplinginClassCertificationandTrialByJenniferWeidingerPettitKohnLutzcontinuedonpage26 26verdictVolume22014September262005.Tetotalclasswas260employees.USBswritomandaterelatedtothecerticationwasdenied.B.Tetrialcourtcrafedatrialmanagementplanbasedonasmallsampleorandomclassmembersexperienceswhichwouldthenbeextrapolatedtothewholeclassandenteredjudgmentorcloseto15millionbasedonthectionthateveryclassmemberhadbeenmisclassied.Approximatelyoneyearpost-certicationthepartiespresentedcompetingtrialmanagementplans.Plaintisinitialplanwastodividetheclassinto20-30groupsandhavespecialmastersconductindividualizedevidentiaryhearingsonliabilityanddamages.AsanalternativePlaintisproposedarandomsamplingassetorthbytheirexpertRichardDrogininwhichtheentireclasswouldbesurveyednotablynosuchsurveywaseverdone.USBobjectedsubmittingadeclarationromitsexpertPhilipGormanwhoopinedthatrelianceonsuchasmallsamplesizepresentedahighriskoerrorandthatthesurveywouldstilllikelybebiasedduetotheprobabilitythatanyproperlyclassiedemployeeswouldnotparticipateinthesurvey.USBproposedthepartieseachselectanequalnumberoclassmembersorthetrialsample.TetrialcourtrejectedUSBsproposalandenactedanalternativeplanoitsowndevisingthatthetrialcourtliterallytheclerkothetrialcourtwouldselectarandomsampleo20classmembersknownastherepresentativewitnessgrouptotestiyattrial.Tetrialwouldbebrokendownintotwophases1liabilityand2restitution.Anyndingsonliabilitywouldthenbeextrapolatedtotheremainderotheclass.USBagainobjectedthatanattempttoextrapolateliabilityromrepresentativetestimonywouldviolatedueprocessnotingthattherewasnoprecedentorusingrandomsamplingtoestablishliabilityinaclassactioninvolvingtheoutsidesalesexemption.TetrialcourtproceededwithitsowntrialplanandtheRWG.ShortlyaerUSBmovedtodecertiytheclasscitingnewcaselawanddepositiontestimonyoseveralclassmembersarguingindividualissuespredominated.USBsstatisticianAndrewHildrethidentiedseveralproblemswiththerepresentativewitnessgroupincludingthesmallsizeothesampletheselectionbiasandthemultiplenon-responseerrors.ImportantlyHildrethoundthattherewasnobasisorthecourttoconcludetheentireclasshadbeenmisclassied.DespitethisthetrialcourtproceededonurtherdenyingUSBsmotioninliminethatsoughttoincludetestimonybyemployeesoutsideotherepresentativewitnessgroupandUSBwasofciallybarredrompresentingevidenceoworkhabitshoursoanysuchemployees.Phase1othetriallasted40days.InPhasewoothetrialUSBagainsoughttoincludedepositiontestimonyanddeclarationsoemployeesoutsidetherepresentativewitnessgroup.TecourtdeniedtherequestasinconsistentwiththePhase1othetrial.PlaintismovedinliminetopreventUSBromintroducinganyevidencepertainingtoliabilitybecausethatquestionhadbeenresolvedinthecourtsstatementodecisionorphaseone.PlaintisstatisticsexpertRichardDroginopinedthatthePhaseOnendingsoliabilityandaverageweeklyhoursounpaidovertimecouldbereliablyprojectedtothewholeclassbecausetheywerebasedonarandomsample.akingthecourtsindicatedndingsorPhaseOnewithadjustmentsorvacationtimeandotherbreaksinserviceDrogincalculatedaweightedaverageoovertimeortherepresentativewitnessgroupat11.87hoursperweek12withamarginoerroroplusorminus5.14hoursata95percentcondenceinterval.Terelativemarginoferrorfortheovertimeestimatewasplusorminus43.3percent.TetrialcourtgrantedthemotionnotingthatthepurposeoPhaseOnehadbeentoresolveUSBsclass-wideliabilityormisclassication.TetrialcourteectivelybarredanychallengetoitsPhaseOnedecisionthatallclassmembersweremisclassiedasexemptandallwereentitledtoovertimecompensationintheaceodueprocessargumentproeredbyUSB.TecourtultimatelyenteredajudgmentagainstUSBornearly15million.TiswasonlythesecondmisclassicationcaseinCaliorniacertiedasaclassactionandtriedtoverdict.II.TeSupremeCourtsDecision.USBappealedthejudgmentandtheappellatecourtreversed.TeappellatecourtdistinguishedanearliercaseapprovingtheuseorepresentativetestimonyinanovertimeclassactionBellv.FarmersIns.Exchange2004115Cal.App.4th715inthatBellutilizedsamplingatthetrialodamagesonlynotliability.InafrmingtheappellatecourtsdecisiontheSupremeCourtoundthattheappealhighlighteddifcultquestionsabouthowindividualissuescanbesuccessullymanagedinacomplexclassactionandthatthetrialcourthadanobligationtoconsiderthemanageabilityoindividualissuesincertiyingaclassaction.TeDurancourtoundthetrialcourtignoredindividualissueseectivelyhamstringingUSBsabilitytodeenditsel.TerewereatalawsinthetrialplansimplementationostatisticalsamplingasproooUSBsliabilitytotheclass.rialcourtshavetheobligationtodecertiyaclassactioniindividualissuesproveunmanageableSav-On34Cal.App.at335andthetrialcourtshouldhaveconsideredtheseatthecerticationstageincludinganystatisticalprooapartyanticipateswillweighinavorograntingclasscertication.NotablytheSupremeCourtrejectedplaintischaracterizationoclassactionsascreatingarequirementthatthetrialcourtashionawaytoresolvethepartiesdisputethroughcommonevidenceplaintisassertitwouldbeinconsistentwiththerequirementocommonevidenceortheemployertobepermittedtolitigateitsexemptiondeenseagainstindividualclassmembersbuttheCourtheldplaintisargumentrestsonaalseassumption.Classactionsdonotcreatearequirementocommonevidence.Insteadclasslitigationmaybeappropriateithecircumstancesoaparticularcasedemonstratethatthereiscommonevidence.Emphasisinoriginal.Durancontinuedfrompage25continuedonpage27 Volume22014verdict27III.LessonsLearnedfromtheDurandecisionRelevanttoOpposingClassCertication.A.Prepareastrongtrialplanearlyoninthelitigation.TeSupremeCourtsemphasisontheneedoraworkabletrialplanpriortoclasscerticationisparticularlysignicantgiventhetrendoclassactionclaimsinCaliornia.TecourtnotedthataccordingtotheAdministrativeOfceotheCourts89oclassactionsthatarecertiedsettlepriortotrialcomparedwith15ocaseswhereclasscerticationwasdeniedcreatingacleardisadvantagetodeendantsaerthecerticationstage.PlaintishaveurgedtrialcourtstocertiybasedonamisreadingotheSupremeCourtsdecisioninBrinkerRestaurantCorp.v.SuperiorCourt53Cal.4th10042012.Manytrialcourtsacceptingplaintisargumentshaveconcludedthatalmostanyclaimcanbecertiedianyessentialelementoplaintistheoryorelieappearstobesusceptibleocommonprooregardlessowhethertheaspectothecasethatmaybesubjecttocommonproowillreallypredominateinresolvingthecaseasawholeinlightothematerialissuestobetriedthatareinactsubjecttoindividualizeddierences.Duranhoweverindicatesthatclasstreatmentisinappropriatewhereindividualizeddierencesmakeproceedingasaclassallthewaytojudgmentunairorunmanageableevenionecentralliabilityquestionmightmanageablybeprovedonaclass-widebasis.Duranthereorewillaiddeendantswhocraawellpreparedtrialplanatthecerticationstagetoshowapreliminaryassessmentovariabilityandtodemonstratethatindividualissuesswampcommonissuestorenderaclassactionunmanageable.B.Presentindividualizeddefensestoclassclaims.Deendantsshouldbepreparedtovehementlycounteranypurportedrepresentativeshowingbytheplaintiusingconcreteexamplesbackedbyafrmativeevidence.Forexampleindisputingallegationsomisclassicationdeendantsshouldpresentdirectevidencedemonstratingindividualizeddierencesamongputativeclassmembersinwhatjobdutiestheyperormandhowmuchtimetheyspendonthoseduties.Tisevidencecanincludeputativeclassmemberdeclarationsemployersel-auditssurveysstudiesandevenvideoevidence.Moreoveremployerswhorelyontheoutsidesalesexceptioncantakeapreventativeapproachbeforetheonsetolitigationbyperormingsel-auditsorinterviewswhichensuresthatemployeesaremeetingthe50-plustestonaconsistentbasisitheyarenottheemployerwillbeabletohelptheemployeesamendhisorherworkloadortoreclassiytheemployeeasnon-exemptinecessary.Tesesel-auditscanbeusedbothtoopposeclasscerticationandtosupporttheemployersdeenseattrial.Duranplainlysupportsthestandardthatithetrialcourtcannotconductaairtrialontheclassclaimswhileallowingemployerstheabilitytoassertafrmativedeensesandevidenceastotheclasscerticationshouldbedenied.Tisstandardappliesnotonlytomisclassicationallegationsbutallwageandhourclaims.C.Attackinadequateandunqualiedstatisticalmethods.Deendantswillbenetromearlyandoenoppositiontobiasedorincompletesamplingbothatthecerticationstageandpre-trialorstatisticalevidencethatlacksexpertapproval.TeDurancourtmadeapointtoreerenceUSBsrepeatedobjectionstoPlaintisproposedsamplingsandexpertsopinions.Utilizingexpertanalysisdeendantscanimpeachplaintisstatisticalmodeloprooandocusthetrialcourtonafrmativedeensesespeciallyiitincludesindividualizedevidence.Statisticalmethodsmaynotbecompatiblewiththenatureoplaintisclaimsanddeendantsshouldnothesitatetoquestionplaintissamplesizeandexpertsanalysis.Samplesmustbesupportedbyapartysliabilityexpertmustbestatisticallyappropriateandcapableoproducingvalidresultswithareasonablemarginoerrorandmustberandom.Duranillustratesthemisuseostatisticalevidenceinclasslitigationwherethemarginoerrorwasunreasonablyhigh43andincompatiblegiventheindividualizedclaims.PlaintiswillnodoubtclaimtheSupremeCourtdidnotwhollyprecludetheuseosamplingandsurveysinclasslitigationbutDuranimposesrestrictionsonthispractice.Istatisticalevidenceistobeusedaspartoatrialplanormanagingacomplexclassactionmethodstobeemployedbyclasscounselmustbepresentedevaluatedandscrutinizedearlyinthelieothecaseandinanyeventnolaterthanthehearingonclasscertication.rialcourtsarenotpermittedtoassumethattheuseostatisticalmethodswillserveasasolutiontounmanageabilityissuesthatwouldariseieachclassmembersdieringcircumstanceswereexploredattrial.AswageandhourclassactionscontinuetoariseinCaliorniaDuranpresentsaclearmessageromthejudiciarythatclasslitigantsmustacknowledgeandadheretodueprocessinclasscerticationproceedingsandtrial.TeguidelinesprovidedinDuranprovidesubstantialsupportordeendantswhocanpresentindividualizedevidencewhenacedwithclassclaimsandwillrewarddeendantswhocanpresentthisevidenceearlyoninlitigation.JennierWeidingerisanAssociateatPettitKohnIngrassiaLutzsLosAngelesofce.Ms.Weidingerspracticeocusesprimarilyonemploymentandretaillitigation.Durancontinuedfrompage26 28verdictVolume22014ByDavidD.CardoneEsq.ButzDunnDeSantisOnJune302014theCaliorniaSupremeCourtpublisheditsmuch-anticipatedopinioninAyalav.AntelopeValleyNewspapersInc.June302014S206874__Cal.4th__.TeCourtexaminedthecriteriaordecidingwhetherorpurposesowage-and-hourrulesaworkerisanindependentcontractororanemployeeandreafrmedapplicationotherighttocontroltestlastaddressedbytheCourtaquartercenturyagoinS.G.BorelloSonsInc.v.Dept.ofIndustrialRelations198948Cal.3d341357.TeCourtthenexploredrelatedquestionsconcerningwhetherclasswidelitigationothatissuewasappropriate.TeAyalacourtrestatedthatwhetherthehirerhastherighttocontroltheworkeristhecriticalinquiryindecidingwhethertheworkerisanemployeeoranindependentcontractorandthatorpurposesowhetherclasslitigationisappropriatetrialcourtsmustanalyzewhetherthequestionotheexistenceoarighttocontrolcanbedecidedoncommonproo.EmployeeorIndependentContractorUnderCaliforniaLawInAyalav.AntelopeValleyNewspapersInc.theCaliforniaSupremeCourtReaffirmsaLong-StandingTestButLeavesOpenQuestionsUnansweredByJamesA.McFaulEsq.ButzDunnDeSantisInAyalatheplaintiswerenewspapercarriershiredunderormindependentcontractoragreementswrittenbyAntelopeValleyNewspapersInc.thepublisherotheAntelopeValleyPress.DespitethetermsotheagreementsthePlaintisclaimedonbehalothemselvesandallsimilarlysituatedcarriersotheAntelopeValleyPressthattheywereinactemployeesdeprivedovariouswage-and-hourprotections.Tetrialcourtdeniedtheplaintismotionorclasscerticationonthebasisthatlitigatingallotheclassmembersstatuswouldentailheavilyindividualizedinquiriesabouthoweachnewspapercarrierwasorwasnotcontrolled.Inotherwordsthetrialcourtocusedoncommonevidenceowhethercontrolwasexercisedoverthecarriersandconcludedthatcommonissueswouldnotpredominateinresolvingthatquestion.TeCourtoAppealreversedndingthatcarrier-by-carriervariationsinhowtheworkwasperormeddidnotprecludeclasscertication.TeSupremeCourtgrantedreviewonJanuary302013.InAyalatheCourtexplainedthattheessentialquestiontoresolvetheplaintisclasscerticationmotionwasIsthereacommonwaytoshowAntelopeValleypossessedessentiallythesamelegalrighttocontrolwithrespecttoeachoitscarriersAyalaSlipop.at10emphasisadded.PutanotherwaytheCourtqueriedDidAntelopeValleysrightsvarysubstantiallysuchthatitmightsubjectsomecarrierstoextensivecontrolastohowtheydeliveredthenewspapersubjecttoringatwillwhileastoothersithadewrightsandcouldnothaveaectedtheirmannerodeliveryevenhaditwantedwithnocommonprooabletocapturethesedierencesId.AccordingtotheSupremeCourtthetrialcourtlostsightothisquestionandocusedimproperlyonvariationsinhowAntelopeValleywentaboutexercisingitscontrolovercarriersandwhytheclasswasnotsubjecttopervasivecontrolbyAntelopeValleyrelativetothemeansandmethodsodeliveringthenewspapers.Id.TeCourtexplainedcontinuedonpage29 Volume22014verdict29Whetheracommonlawemployer-employeerelationshipexiststurnsoremostonthedegreeoahirersrighttocontrolhowtheendresultisachieved.Id.at2.Andtheexistenceoastandardizedhiringcontractthatappearstograntauniormrightocontrolgoesalongwaytowardndinguponcommonproothattherightdoesordoesnotrisetotheleveloanemployeremployeerelationship.UltimatelytheplainticlassinAyalaprevailedatleasttotheextenttheSupremeCourtorderedaremandtothetrialcourttoconsiderthecerticationanewundertheprincipleslaidoutintheCourtsopinion.ButthecourtmadeclearthatonremandthetrialcourtmightagainndthatcerticationwasnotappropriateTatsomeotheranalyticalpathmightonthisrecordsupportthesamedispositionmattersnotbecausethereasonsgivenareunsoundtherulingmustbereversed.TeAyalaCourtexplainedwhyundercertaincircumstancesocusingontherighttocontrolwillnotyieldadeterminationotheemployeeorindependentcontractoranalysisthroughexaminationocommonratherthanindividualizedproo.TisaspectoAyalaalsodrawsdirectlyromBorello.TeBorelloCourtexplainedCourtshavelongrecognizedthatthecontroltestappliedrigidlyandinisolationisofenolittleuseinevaluatingtheinnitevarietyoservicearrangementsandthatwhiledescribingtherighttocontrolworkdetailsasthemostimportantormostsignicantconsiderationtheauthoritiesalsoendorseseveralsecondaryindiciaothenatureoaservicerelationship.Borellosupra48Cal.3dat350.TatpracticalrealitydrovetheBorelloCourttoprescribeconsiderationothesecondaryactorsderivedromthelawsoagencyincludingawhethertheoneperormingservicesisengagedinadistinctoccupationorbusinessbthekindooccupationwithreerencetowhetherinthelocalitytheworkisusuallydoneunderthedirectionotheprincipalorbyaspecialistwithoutsupervisionctheskillrequiredintheparticularoccupationdwhethertheprincipalortheworkersuppliestheinstrumentalitiestoolsandtheplaceoworkorthepersondoingtheworkethelengthotimeorwhichtheservicesaretobeperormedthemethodopaymentwhetherbythetimeorbythejobgwhetherornottheworkisapartotheregularbusinessotheprincipalandhwhetherornotthepartiesbelievetheyarecreatingtherelationshipoemployer-employee.Id.at351.AyalasrestatementotheongoinguseulnessotheBorellotestincludesarestatementotheuseulnessothesecondaryactors.WhileormcontractswereatissueinAyalaandthetermsothosecontractsdictatedcriticallytheextentoAntelopeValleyscontroloverwhatistobedeliveredwhenandhowaswellasAntelopeValleysrighttoterminatethecontractwithoutcauseon30daysnoticeAyalarecognizesasBorellodidthatnotallcontractsestablishuniormrightsocontrolmuchlessarightocontrolsuchaswouldbeexercisedastoanemployeeratherthananindependentcontractor.TustheCourtexplainedthatthepartiescourseofconductdetailsrevealedbyconsiderationothesecondaryactorsremainsrelevant.Whileanywrittencontractisanecessarystartingpointinassessingwhetherthereisarighttocontrolthepracticalrealityisthattherightsspelledoutinacontractmaynotbeconclusiveiotherevidencedemonstratesapracticalallocationorightsatoddswiththewrittenterms.AyalaSlipop.at12Wheresuchotherevidenceispresentorwherethecontractisdevoidoanyallocationoarighttocontrolthenitremainsappropriateorthecourttoconsiderwhetherevidenceothepartiescourseoconductwillberequiredtoevaluatewhethersuchcontrolwasretainedandwhetherthatcourseoconductissusceptibletocommonprooi.e.whetherevidenceothepartiesconductindicatessimilarretainedrightsvis--viseachhireeorsuggestsvariablerightssuchthatindividualproowouldneedtobemanaged.Id.InthewakeoAyalathenitisclearthatthepartiescourseoconductremainsentirelyrelevantwhenansweringquestionsaboutwhetherahirerhadasignicantrightocontrolandinthecontextoclassactionswhethersucharightwasuniormamongtheproposedclass.WhiletheAyalaCourtrestatedtheongoingappropriatenessotheBorelloanalysistodrawthedistinctionsbetweenemployeesandindependentcontractorstheCourtstoppedshortoansweringopenquestionsaboutthattestsrelationshipwithotheranalysesusedtoreachsimilarquestionsraisedinthecontextoallegedviolationsowageordersissuedbyCaliorniasIndustrialWelareCommissionWesolicitedsupplementalbriengconcerningthepossiblerelevanceotheadditionaltestsoremployeestatusinIWCwageorderNo.1-2001subdivision2DF.Citations.Inlightothesupplementalbriengandbecauseplaintisproceededbelowonthesolebasisthattheyareemployeesunderthecommonlawwenowconcludewemayresolvethecasebyapplyingthecommonlawtestoremploymentwithoutconsideringtheseothertests.Citation.Accordinglyweleaveoranotherdaythequestionwhatapplicationianythewageordertestsoremployeestatusmighthavetowageandhourclaimssuchastheseandconneourselvestoconsideringwhetherplaintistheorythattheyareemployeesunderthecommonlawdenitionissusceptibletoprooonaclasswidebasis.SuchquestionswereraisedbybutnotansweredintheCourtspriordecisioninMartinezv.Combs201049Cal.4th35.ObserversanticipatedthatAyalamightprovideclaricationotherelationshipothesetestsorannouncenewlawinthisareabutinsteadAyalamerelyamountstoanendorsementothecontinuedvitalityanduseulnessotheBorellotest.ByJamesA.McFaulEsq.andDavidD.CardoneEsq.arepartnersotheSanDiegobasedrmButzDunnDeSantispracticeintheareaoemploymentlawandroutinelydeendclassactionsinvolvingmisclassicationandwageandhourclaims.Teycanbereachedatjmcfaulbutzdunn.comanddcardonebutzdunn.com.Ayalacontinuedfrompage28 30verdictVolume22014 Volume22014verdict31LastyearIparticipatedonapanelostateandederaljudgesdiscussingclassactions.Notoneoushadapprovedaclassactionsettlementonthersteort.Tissuggeststhatitmightbehelpultoprovidealistoissueswhichoenseemtoposeproblemswhencounsellemotionsorpreliminaryapprovalosuchsettlements.Iassumeherethattheclasshasnotbeencertiedasothetimeosettlement.Generallycounselshouldreviewthepaperswithgreatattentiontodetail.Problemsoenslipinbecauseoldormsareusedorconictsarecreatedasamongvariouspapersledsuchasvariationsinthedenitionotheclass.Whatollowsisnotachecklistotheimportantareastocoverinamotionorapproval.Somepotentiallyuseulchecklistsarecitedattheendothisnote.FinallyImustnotethateachcaseisunique.Problemslistedbelowmayormaynotinagivencaseinhibitpreliminaryapprovalmanyaremattersodegreeandmanyjudgeswillviewthingsverydierentlythansuggestedhere.GenerallyCounseloenusedierentlanguageindierentdocumentssuchasinthenoticesettlementagreementclaimormsproposedordersandsoononthesameissue.ForexampleIhaveseenconictingmeasurementsotimeanddeadlines.Tepapersmighttellpotentialmembersthattheirclaimsorobjectionsmustbesubmittedbyacertaindatebutthatisdescribedvariouslyaspostmarkedbymailedbyservedbysentinbyorreceivedbythedate.Sometimesthereareconictingrequirementsconcerningthesameissuesuchaswhatmustbedonewithclaimsorobjectionse.g.mailedtoallcounselortheclaimsadministratororledoralsoledormailedtothecourtorledwiththecourtetc.Frequentlytherearedierencesandsometimesmajordierencessuchastheclassperiodamongtheclassdenitionsintheproposedordertheproposedsettlementandthenotice.SettlementSettlementagreementsonoccasionailtocoverpotentiallyimportantissues.ForexampleiitprovidesorequitablereliesuchasaninjunctionhowisthisvaluedandhowwasthatvaluearrivedatArethepartiesmerelyendowinggreatvalueonjustapromisetoobeythelawintheutureTeagreementorotherexplanationshouldusuallynotehowmanycentsonthedollarthesettlementrepresents.Tisusuallyinvolvesadescriptionothesumsplaintismightobtainwithanoutrightvictoryandtheractionrepresentedbythesettlement.Tecourtneedstoknowthesizeotheclassandaverageorlikelyrecoveryoraclassmemberandtheestimatedrangeohighandlowamounts.DoesthesettlementcreateatruecommonundOrwilldeendantonlyagreetomakeacertainamountavailablepayuptothatamountandhavetherestrevertbacktothedeendantAlthoughthiswouldbeunusualandperhapsaredagthepapersshouldnoteitheemployershareotaxescomesoutothesettlementund.Tecourtwillneedtoknowhowuncashedchecksarehandled.Tesemightescheattothestateorprovideanadditionalpaymenttoidentiedclassmembersorbetreatedotherwise.ClassnoticeclaimsCommonlytheclassnoticeisnotcomprehensibletoalayperson.ItcontainslegalesesuchasconsiderationandLatinphrasessuchasprorata.Draersshouldassumethenoticewillbereadquicklysometimessuspiciouslydoesitlooklikeabillorinvoicebyreaderswithan8thgradeeducation1unlesstheclassdenitionsuggestsotherwise.LawyersoenuseundeneddifcultandvaguetermssuchasprooopurchaseorprooomembershipintheclassorNetSettlementDistribution.Readersmaynotbeabletotellromthenoticeitheyareincludedintheclassortherangeoapossibledistributionhowtosendinclaimsorexactlywhatinormationtheymustprovide.Sometimesthenoticeailstoreporttherangeoattorneyseeswhichmightbeawardedorailstonoteapotentialimpactonotherclassactionsandonrecipientsrightsinthoseothercasesduelingclassactions.SomenoticeshavebizarreandunnecessaryobstaclestolingobjectionsormakingclaimssuchasaskingorunnecessaryinormationClassicSettlementProblemsByHon.CurtisE.A.KarnowSuperiorCourtofCaliforniaSanFranciscocontinuedonpage32 32verdictVolume22014andthendeeminganyincompleteobjectionorclaimasnotled.Counselshouldconsiderwhetheraclaimsprocedureisneededatalladministrativecostsmaybelowerandmoreclassmembersmayreceivesumswithoutitsothepapersshouldnoteorexamplewhytheadministratorcannotsimplymailoutchecks.Oenproposedproceduresprovidetoolittletimetomakeaclaimorobjectionortooptoutorbeoremoneygoestocypresrecipient.Generally30daysisnotenough.Tepartiesshoulddiscussthevariousproposedmethodsonoticemakingarecordwhypublicationsorotheroraarebestsuitedtoreachclassmembersandnotothers.Judgeswanttoreachasmanymembersaspossible.MemorandaTepapersmustincludeagoodpresentationothebasisorthecourttomakethemeritsevaluationrequiredbyKullarv.FootLockerRetailInc.168Cal.App.4th1161292008.FrequentlycounselstatethattheyhavecareullyconsideredthisandIamsurethatstruebutthetrialjudgeherselfisobligatedtodosoonthebasisothediscoveryandotherinvestigationsmadebytheparties.Tediscussionsshouldshowthestrengthandweaknessocasessuchasanexplanationothepartiesdamagesmodelordamagesestimatesunderoptimisticandpessimistviewsoevidenceorlawdiscussingevidenceonbothliabilityanddamages.Releaserialjudgescareullyscrutinizethereleaselanguage.Tismaybetoobroadusinglanguagethatcoversallclaimsinanywayrelatedtothesubjectmatterothesuitortherelationshipotheparties.Usuallyreleasesshouldjustbewithinthescopeotheclaimsatissueinthecasei.e.withinthescopeowhatresjudicatawouldimplicatewerejudgmentoroneothepartiestobeentered.Sometimesreleasesaretoobroadorvaguewhentheydescribeclaimswhichrelatetooraroseinconnectionwithorthatcouldhavebeenbroughtinthecase.Problemsmayarisewhenthereleasecanbereadtoextendtoclaimsentirelyunrelatedtothelawsuit.Considerwhetheritissufcienttohaveareleasecoveringclaimsstatedinthecomplaintandthosebasedontheactsallegedinthecomplaint.Inshortreleasesshouldgenerallybetetheredtothecomplaintsallegedacts.InthisconnectionjudgeslookatthelanguagewaivingCC1542ipresent.Oenatleastreadinisolationthescopeothatreleaseisarbroaderthanthepartiesactuallyintendorthatajudgewouldusuallyadopt.Sometimestheinterplayolanguageromvarioussectionshasthesometimesunintendedconsequencesolimitingorgreatlyexpandingthescopeoarelease.ForexampleonemightndthedenitionoReleasedClaimsinXtheninYwemightreadthatclassmemberswillreleaseanyclaimsrelatedtotheReleasedClaims.Tislastrelatedtoclausemaygreatlybuttosomeunascertainableextentbroadenthescopeotherelease.TePAGAPrivateAttorneyGeneralActisasometimedifcultandemergingareaothelawandpartiesmayhavelegitimateconcernsonwhethersuchclaimsaresubjecttorelease.AredagmayberaisedwhenthecomplaintdoesnotpleadPAGAbutthedeensewantsaPAGArelease.PaymenttoclassrepresentativesTeactthataclassrepresentativemightpersonallyprovidebroaderreleasethantherestotheclasscantusuallybeabasistojustiyanyadditionalpaymentsoutoftheclassfund.Atleastpriortonalapprovalnon-hearsaydeclarationswillbeneededonthehoursspentorothercontributionmadebyclassrepresentativesinordertojustiyaseparatepayment.Regardlessothesecontributionsajudgemaypausewhentherearevastdierencesbetweenthesumstobedistributedtoabsentclassmembersandthepaymentstotheclassrepresentatives.ObjectionsCounselmaysuggestobjectorsletheirobjectionsdirectlywiththecourt.AtleastinSanFranciscoscomplexdepartmentsthisusuallydoesnotworkthereisconusionastowhatlingeesmighthavetobepaidanditisdifcultorunrepresentedclassmemberstoknowwhattodo.Objectionsareusuallyhandledbyplaintiscounselwhobundlesthemupandlesthemasagroupinadvanceothenalairnesshearing.Perhapstheadministratormighthandlethetask.ClassdenitionSomedenitionsaresocomplexnoonecangurethemoutinparticularputativeclassmembersmightneverunderstandit.Sometimestheclassperiodisbadlydenedisitithroughentryojudgmentratherthaniitiedtodatenolaterthandateonoticewithopt-outopportunityCareshouldbeexercisedinensuringthatthetimeperiodintheclassdenitionissuchthatclaimsnotextantasothetimeothepreliminaryapprovalandthusnotthenknownwillbereleased.Ithegeographicscopeotheclassextendsbeyondthisstatethepapersshouldexplainhowthecourthasjurisdiction.AdministratorTecourtusuallyapprovestheadministratortoaccomplishavarietyoworkonbehalothecourt.IsthereadeclarationexplainingwhytheproposedadministratoriscompetentsuitableandtrustworthyFeesWhiledetailsneednotbepresentedatthepreliminaryhearingitisveryuseultohaveanestimateotheapproximatelodestarandocoursethecourtandnoticerecipientsusuallyneedtoknowtheupperlimitontheeestobesoughtincludingasapercentageothesettlementundcreated.ProposedOrderrePreliminaryApprovalTesuggestedndingshouldbethatthesettlementamountappearstobewithinthereasonablerangeothesettlingpartysproportionateshareocomparativeliabilityoraplaintisinjuriesordamages.NorthCountyContractorsAssn.v.TouchstoneIns.Services27Cal.App.4th10851089-901994.Butideallytheshowingatthispreliminarystageshouldbegoodenoughornalapprovalabsente.g.avalidobjectionsoastominimizetheriskowastedtimeandmoneyonnewnotices.Teproposedordershouldsetorthaproceduretocalendarahearingtoenablethecourtsultimateapprovaloithesumstobepaidorclaimsadministrationiitheidentityoacypresrecipientandiiiareportonthenaldistribution.Judgesmaybalkatsecrecyprovisionse.g.thatthesettlementandrelatedpapersaredeemedcondentialithenalapprovalisnotobtained.SuchprovisionsmayconictwithCaliorniaRulesoCourtonsealingCRC2.550.ItisinappropriatetoincludeSettlementscontinuedfrompage31continuedonpage33 Volume22014verdict33proposedordersthatasettlementbedeemedingoodaithunderCCP877.6withoutanyshowingrequiredorsuchanding.Somejudgesuseaormthatenjoinsabsentputativeclassmembersromlingadditionalactions--eventhoughatthatpointtheymaynotbesubjecttothecourtsauthority.Itisnotclearthisisuseul.CypresTebriesshouldnoteallrelationshipsbetweenithecypresrecipientandiianyclassrepresentativeorcounselorothersinvolvedinthecaseandwhycypresmustbeanoption.Teprotornonprotstatusotherecipientshouldbenotedandunlessitisobviousromthedescriptionotherecipienthowthemoneywillbeusedtheuseothemoneyshouldbestated.Tepartiesshouldexplainthecongruencebetweeniinterestsorecipientandiithereasonsorthesuitandinterestsotheclass.Inemploymentclassactionscypresmaybeunnecessaryasemployeescanusuallybeidentied.Resourceschecklistswww.c.govpublichome.nsautofameopenormurl_rpages376www.lasuperiorcourt.orgcivilUIToolsForLitigators2.aspxwww.lasuperiorcourt.orgcivilUIpdfChecklistPreliminaryApprovaloClassActionSettlement7.31.12.pdwww.17200blog.comordersJudge_Brick_Guidelines_or_Counsel_re_Class_Settlement_Applications_2-18-2009.pdfEndnotes1httpen.wikipedia.orgwikiLiteracy_in_the_United_States.TeHonorableCurtisE.A.KarnowisaSuperiorCourtJudgeintheCountyoSanFrancisco.HeservesinacomplexlitigationdepartmentandistheauthororeditorobooksoncivilprocedurediscoveryexpertsaswellascomputertechnologyandthelawandhasservedonJudicialCouncilcommitteesconcerningcivilprocedureincludingdiscoveryandrulesreorm.JudgeKarnowhassubmittedthisarticleorpublicationbothinVerdictmagazineandapublicationissuedbytheplaintifsbarorthemutualbenetodeensecounselandtheplaintifsbarseekingtoresolveclassactioncasesthroughsettlement.Settlementscontinuedfrompage32 34verdictVolume22014LosAngelesCountyReportCurrentlyonly24othe31PersonalInjurytrialcourtsareavailable.Casesaregettingoutonatimelybasisbutthatmaychange.ToseelectedtolljudicialvacancieswillnotstartuntilJanuary12015.PIcasesaremovingtoICdepartmentsbutatamuchsmallerratethananticipatedabout2ratherthantheexpected15.IyouwantyourcaseinanICdepartmentbesuretoseekthattranserearlytoavoidtheappearanceojudgeshopping.Itiscurrentlyrunningabout2monthstosetupaninormaldiscoveryconerenceinthePIcourts.LASCisworkingonrollingoutanewwebsiteandhopestohaveitavailablebySeptemberthenewwebsiteshouldoeraneasiersystemorretrievaloleddocuments.Similarlyanewelectroniccasemanagementsystemisintheworksnancedbyalegacybudgetreservethatwasrequiredtobespentdownbytheendothenewsystemwilllikelybeimplementedinthenext12-15monthsandwillincludeane-lingsystem.SmileyoureoncameraTeStanleyMoskCourthousehasintroducedVideoConerenceorCourtCallappearancesinseveralcourtsincluding4civilcourtroomsand3PIdepartments.Foranextra10inadditiontothestandardCourtCalleeyoucanappearvirtuallybeoretheCourtiyouhaveawebcamandsufcientbandwidth.TecourtexpectstheCourtCallvideoservicewillexpandtomoredepartmentsintheuture.ApersonalinjurycrashsettlementprogramwillbeheldthesecondweekinSeptember.Attorneyswillreceivenoticeandcaseswillbescheduledonarst-to-respondrst-servedbasis.Newrulesarebeingimplementedormotions.AlldocumentsledintheLosAngelesSuperiorCourtwhichhaveExhibitsandorDeclarationsmustnowbetabbedandalldepositionexcerptsreerencedinbriesmustbemarkedonthetranscriptsattachedasexhibits.Motionsthatdonotcomplymayberejecteduponlingormaybeacceptedorlingbutdeniedatthetimeorevieworailuretocomplywiththeserules.OrangeCountyReportBYORBringYourOwnReporterAsoJuly1theCourtisprovidingreportersonlyorevidentiaryhearingsinthecivilandprobatecourts.Fornon-evidentiaryhearingsyouwillberequiredtonotiythecourtpriortothehearingthatyouarebringingacourtreporterandeitherchooseromapre-selectedlistorgothroughsomeproceduresavailableonlinetobringinanoutsidereporter.Tisincludesmotionsorsummaryjudgment.TenumberociviljudgesintheOCcontinuestodeclineandorthersttimeinawhiletrialsarenotgettingout.Reportsindicatethatthecivilpanelisdownto20Judgesrom26previously.TeCourtsarealsocombatingthepracticeopre-reservingmotiondatesbymandatingthatpapersbeledwithin24hoursoreservingthedateoritslost.Motionsorsummaryjudgmentareexempted.continuedonpage35 Volume22014verdict35AroundtheCountiescontinuedfrompage34RiversideCountyReportRiversideSuperiorCourtisswitchingtoanIndependentCalendarICsystem.AllunlimitedcivilcasesledinRiversidecountywillnowbeassignedortotalcasemanagementwithalllawandmotiontrialandposttrialmattersassignedtoasingledepartmentDepts.134567and10..AlllimitedcivilmattersareassignedtoDepartment11.SenateBill1190whichwouldhaveprovidedundingoranadditional50judgesstatewideincluding9judgeseachtobothRiversideandSanBernardinoCountiesdiedincommitteelastmonth.TisisunortunatenewsorRiversideCountywhichaccordingtoPresidingJudgeMarkA.Copehasaveriedneedor138additionaljudgestojointhe76totaljudicialofcers.SanBernardinoCountyReportThebrand-newSanBernardinoJusticeCenterisnowopenorbusiness.Tenewstate-o-the-artJusticeCenterlocatedinDowntownSanBernardinoacrossthestreetromtheoldannexhas11stories35largecourtroomstwohearingroomsormediationsbeeed-upsecurityandahostonewtechnologicaladditions.EachcourtroomcomesequippedwithitsownELMOSVsandprojectorscourtcalendarsareondigitaldisplaybothinthelobbyandoutsidethecourtroomsandthelobbyhasveseparatesecuritylinestogetyoutoyourhearingontime.SanDiegoCountyReportSanDiegoSuperiorCourtJudgeCynthiaA.BashantisnowDistrictCourtJudgeBashantortheUnitedStatesDistrictCourtortheSouthernDistrictoCaliornia.JudgeBashantofciallyretiredromtheSanDiegoSuperiorCourtbenchinMaywhereshehadservedor14years.InSeptember2013PresidentObamanominatedJudgeBashanttotaketheseatontheSouthernDistrictwhichhadbeenvacatedbyormerDistrictJudgeIrmaGonzalez.JudgeBashantsnominationwasnallyconrmedinlateAprilbyavoteo90-4andshereceivedherjudicialcommissiononMay82014.ConstructiononthenewSanDiegoCountyCourthouseisupandrunning.Tenew22-storybuildinghasalongwaytogohoweverwithsomereportssuggestingitmaynotbeopenuntil2017.Checkthelocalrulesoverthenextewmonths.SanDiegoapprovedasetorevisedlocalrulesthatgointoeectonJanuary12015.oseeithechangesaectyourpracticegototheRulestabatwww.sdcourt.ca.gov. 36verdictVolume22014SantaBarbaraCountyReportGovernorBrownrecentlyannouncedtheappointmentoMichaelCarrozzotoJudgeotheSantaBarbaraSuperiorCourt.JudgeCarrozzo48oSantaBarbaraaormerU.S.ArmyCaptainandJudgeAdvocateservedasaspecialassistantU.S.AttorneybeorebecomingaSantaBarbaraCountyDistrictAttorneywherehehasservedsince2007.JudgeCarrozzoisagraduateoUCLAandLoyolalawschool.HefllsthevacancycreatedbytheretirementoJudgeGeorgeEskin.VenturaCountyReportGovernorBrownhasappointedRockyJBaiotoajudgeshipintheVenturaCountySuperiorCourt.JudgeBaio60oOjaihasservedasacommissionerattheVenturaCountySuperiorCourtsince2010.HewasapartneratRosenmundBaioandMorrowrom1987to2010wherehewasanassociaterom1982to1987.Baiowasanattorneyinprivatepracticerom1979to1982.HeearnedaJurisDoctordegreeromtheWesternStateCollegeoLawandaBacheloroArtsdegreeromtheUniversityoCaliorniaLosAngeles.HefllsthevacancycreatedbytheretirementoJudgeBarbaraA.Lane.VenturaCountySuperiorCourtisalsobeefngupitselectronicaccesstocasematerials.AsoJune18electroniccopiesoallunlimitedcivilcaseswillbescannedandavailableorviewingatleastorashorttime.AroundtheCountiescontinuedfrompage35 Volume22014verdict37defensesuccessesaprilaugustDescribeyourDefenseVerdictForPublicationinVerdictMagazineLetushelpyouadvertiseyourtrialsuccessesHaveyouwonadefenseverdictinajurytrialHaveyouobtainedadefensejudgmentinabenchtrialorfollowingadispositiverulingduringoraftertrialsuchasbynonsuitdirectedverdictorJNOVIfsocompletetheinformationintheformontheASCDCwebsitewww.ascdc.orgpublications_sub.asporsubmityourfavorabletrialresulttoWestlawinfo.legalsolutions.thomsonreuters.comtrialsdigestform.aspandsendusacopyinaWordorPDFfletoascdccamgmt.comandwewillpublishitinVerdictMagazine.SeanD.BeattyBeattyMyersLLPPopv.oyotaMotorSalesU.S.A.Inc.RaymondL.BlesseyTaylorBlesseyLLPBrisco-Eamerv.SoldoJuarezv.MachicadoRaymondBlesseyPatriciaTazzaraTaylorBlesseyLLPStarnesv.MoscosKurtBoydLawOcesoKurtBoydValdovinosetal.v.Mongeetal.BenjaminCoatsMelanieElyEngleCarobiniCoatsRizkv.VeraBellov.HernandezJohnA.DelisLongDelilsWallersteinv.WilliamsPipelineContractorsCityoBeverlyHillsetal.RichardP.DiefenbachClifordL.SchaferSchaferLaxMcNaughtonChenKurtisoddSuzukiv.SportChaletInc.MarkV.FranzenCarrollKellyTrotterFranzenMcKennaGrovesv.DavtyanM.D.Andersonv.SutherlandM.D.MichaelG.HoganMichaelG.HoganAssociatesCrooksv.SalleyMargaretM.HolmBonneBridgesMuellerOKeeeNicholsAlldridgev.BehavioralHealthServicesInc.Marquezv.HonzenOuM.D.BrianKahnChapmanGlucksmanDeanRoebBargerGonzalezv.Coyleetal.ElizabethL.KolarKolarAssociatesInc.Nowparastv.TeAutoGalleryMarjorieE.MotookaFidoneMotookaLLPMoorcrafv.DiazFrankW.NemecekNemecekColeLAIBCOLLC.v.StrappStrappetal.DavidJ.OKeeeBonneBridgesMuellerOKeeeNicholsGrimesv.Delamarteretal.DanielR.SullivanSullivanBallogWilliamsLLPEukovichv.TeCatholicDioceseoOrangeN.DeniseTaylorJennierA.ScherTaylorBlesseyLLPIhlyv.RegentsotheUniversityoCaliorniaSheilaS.TrexlerNeilDymottFrankMcFallTrexlerAPLCFrostv.BoghosianD.O.MichaelA.ZukHerzeldRubinLLPLabostriev.UzunM.D. 38verdictVolume22014amicuscommitteereportcontinuedonpage39ASCDCsAmicusCommitteecontinuestoworkenergeticallyonbehalfofitsmembership.ASCDCsAmicusCommitteehassubmittedamicuscuriaebriefsinseveralrecentcasesintheCaliforniaSupremeCourtandCaliforniaCourtofAppealandhashelpedsecuresomemajorvictoriesforthedefensebar.RECENTAMICUSVICTORIESTeAmicusCommitteehasrecentlyparticipatedasamicuscuriaeintheollowingcasesNamikasv.Miller2014225Cal.App.4th1574.HarryChamberlainMeyersNaveBenShztzManattPhelpsPhillipsandDonWillenburgGordonReessubmittedasuccessuljointrequestonbehaloASCDCandtheAssociationoDeenseCounseltohavethisavorablelegalmalpracticedecisionpublished.Teopinionaddressessettleandsuelegalmalpracticeactionswheretheclientsettlestheunderlyingactionandthensuestheirattorneyclaimingthatthesettlementcouldhavebeenbetterorthattheywouldhavereceivedabetterresultattrial.Tetrialcourtgrantedthedeendantsmotionorsummaryjudgmentwhichwasafrmedonappeal.Mouav.PittulloHowingtonBarkerAbernathyLLP2014__Cal.App.4th__2014WL3591548.KenFeldmanLewisBrisboissubmittedasuccessulrequestorpublicationinthislegalmalpracticeaction.Inthiscasetheormerclientbroughtamalpracticeactionagainstalawrmarisingoutoanunderlyingamilylawactioninwhichaerormerclientrejectedasettlementoeritwasdeterminedthatormerclientwasnotaputativespouseandwasentitledtonothingromallegedhusband.Teormerclientthensuedhercounselorlegalmalpractice.TeCourtoAppealafrmedholdingthattherewasnocausalconnectionbetweentheallegedmalpracticebythelawrmandtheclientsloss.PENDINGCASESATTHECALIFORNIASUPREMECOURTANDCOURTOFAPPEALASCDCsAmicusCommitteehasalsosubmittedamicuscuriaebriesintheollowingcasespendingattheCaliorniaSupremeCourtorCaliorniaCourtoAppealointeresttoASCDCsmembership1.Sanchezv.Valenciadocketno.S199119pendingintheCaliorniaSupremeCourt.TiscaseincludestheollowingissueDoestheFederalArbitrationAct9U.S.C.2asinterpretedinATTMobilityLLCv.Concepcion2011563U.S.__131S.Ct.1740preemptstatelawrulesinvalidatingmandatoryarbitrationprovisionsinaconsumercontractasprocedurallyandsubstantivelyunconscionableJ.AlanWareldPolsinelliLLPsubmittedanamicusbrieonbehaloASCDC.2.Rashidiv.Moserdocketno.S214430pendingintheCaliorniaSupremeCourt.TisinvolvestheinterplaybetweenMICRAandProp51.TeissueasramedbythecourtonitswebsiteisIajuryawardstheplaintiinamedicalmalpracticeactionnon-economicdamagesagainstahealthcareproviderdeendantdoesCivilCodesection3333.2entitlethatdeendanttoasetobasedontheamountoapretrialsettlemententeredintobyanotherhealthcareproviderthatisattributabletonon-economiclossesordoesthestatutoryrulethatliabilityornon-economicdamagesisseveralonlynotjointandseveralbarsuchasetoHarryChamberlainMeyersNavesubmittedanamicusbrieonbehaloASCDC.3.Winnv.PioneerMedicalGroupInc.docketno.S211793pendingintheCaliorniaSupremeCourt.Plaintisclaimsareagainstdeendantphysiciansorelderabusearisingoutothecareprovidedtotheplaintisdeceasedmotherwhodiedattheageo82.Te Volume22014verdict39AmicusCommitteeReportcontinuedfrompage38CourtoAppealhadheldthatelderabuseclaimsarenotlimitedtocustodialsituations.TeSupremeCourthasramedtheissuepresentedasollowsDoesneglectwithinthemeaningotheElderAbuseandDependentAdultCivilProtectionActWel.Inst.Code15657includeahealthcareprovidersailuretoreeranelderpatienttoaspecialistithecaretookplaceonanoutpatientbasisormustanactionorneglectundertheActallegethatthedeendanthealthcareproviderhadacustodialrelationshipwiththeelderpatientHarryChamberlainMeyersNavesubmittedanamicusbrieonbehaloASCDC.HOWTHEAMICUSCOMMITTEECANHELPYOURAPPEALORWRITPETITIONANDHOWTOCONTACTUSHavingthesupportotheAmicusCommitteeisoneothebeneftsomembershipinASCDC.TeAmicusCommitteecanassistyourfrmandyourclientinseveralways1.Amicuscuriaebriesonthemeritsincasespendinginappellatecourts.2.LettersinsupportopetitionsorrevieworrequestsordepublicationtotheCaliorniaSupremeCourt.3.LettersrequestingpublicationounpublishedCaliorniaCourtoAppealdecisions.InevaluatingrequestsoramicussupporttheAmicusCommitteeconsidersvariousissuesincludingwhethertheissueathandisointeresttoASCDCsmembershipasawholeandwouldadvancethegoalsoASCDC.IyouhaveapendingappellatematterinwhichyoubelieveASCDCshouldparticipateasamicuscuriaepleaseeelreetocontactanycommitteeorBoardmember.TeamicuscommitteemembersareStevenS.FleischmanCommitteeChairHorvitzLevy818-995-0800RobertOlsonGreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLP310-859-7811J.AlanWareldPolsinelliLLP310-203-5341JoshuaTraverColePedroza626-431-2787JeremyRosenHorvitzLevy818-995-0800HarryChamberlainMeyersNave916-556-1531BenShatzManattPhelpsPhillips310-312-4000MichaelColtonTeColtonLawFirm805-455-4546DavidPruettCarrollKellyrotterFranzenMcKenna562-432-5855SheilaWirkusPendergastHennellyGrossfeld310-305-2100SusanBrenneckeTompsonColegate951-682-5550TedXandersGreinesMartinSteinRichlandLLP310-859-7811RichardNakamuraMorrisPolichPurdy213-891-9100 40verdictVolume22014EricSchwettmannPatrickStockalperJeffreyA.WalkerN.DeniseTaylorImmediatePastPresidenttheassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounsel2520ventureoakswaysuite150sacramentoca95833800.564.6791www.ascdc.orgexecutivecommitteeRobertA.OlsonPresidentMichaelSchonbuchPresident-ElectGlennT.BargerVicePresidentClarkR.HudsonSecretary-TreasurerboardofdirectorsMichaelA.ColtonPeterS.DoodyThomasP.FeherLisaJ.McMainsGaryT.MontgomeryLisaPerrochetLawrenceR.RamseyStephenC.PasarowNinosP.SaroukhanioffJulianneDeMarcoChristopherE.FaenzaDanKramerEdwardR.LeonardPatrickJ.KearnsDianaP.Lytel Volume22014verdict3 theassociationofsoutherncaliforniadefensecounsel2520VentureOaksWaySuite150sacramentoca95833PRE-SORTFIRSTCLASSU.S.POSTAGEPAIDPERMIT1660SacramentoCASeptember19-202014EducationSeminarLodgeatTorreyPinesSanDiegoNovember142014LawFirmManagementJonathanClubLosAngelesDecember162014JudicialandNewMemberReceptionJonathanClubLosAngeles